Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Sleep

A comparative study of pre-sleep activities affecting the sleep of rural and urban adolescents in Tumkur district

Dr. Vidya MP, Dr. Karthik S, Dr. Ruchi Dhar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 377-381

Background: Sleep affects mental, emotional and physical wellbeing of an adolescent. On an average for adequate development an adolescent should sleep for at-least 8 to 10 hours per day.
Objectives: To study the pre-sleep activities affecting the sleep of rural and urban adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based school survey was designed with a sample size of 992 for the adolescents aged between 10 to 16 years of age. Children with illnesses that affected their sleep were excluded from the study. A pre-designed questionnaire was distributed to each of them. Later the data was tabulated in Microsoft excel and statistical analysis was done using software SPSS 22.0.
Result: On comparing various factors that affect sleep, it was found that 27.62% of the subjects consumed beverages like tea and coffee before sleep, 42.64% used mobile phones before sleep, 58.06% watch television late at night, 41.73% consume dinner late in the night i.e., after 10 pm and 28.53% have sleep disturbance due to exam stress and fear. The use of mobile phones before sleep and late-night dinners was more among the adolescents residing in the urban areas compared to those in the rural areas which was statistically significant (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Pre sleep activities have a major impact on the quality of sleep, hence addressing them is essential.

A Prospective Study Evaluating the Correlation of Sleep Pattern, Melatonin Secretion and Obesity

Annie Sandhu1, Dharminder Singh2, Akashdeep Singh2, Kuldip Singh Sandhu3, Savvy Aujla4 .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 3174-3180

Background: The present study aims to assess correlation of sleep patterns, melatonin secretion, and obesity.
Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-two subjects in age ranged 11-17 years of both genders were subjected to fasting blood glucose, insulin level, uric acid, lipid profile and renal function test measurement. Insulin resistance and level of melatonin with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were determined.
Results: There were 30 males and 22 females without insulin resistance (IR) and 40 males and 30 females with IR. There were 6 prepubertal, 12 pubertal, and 34 postpubertal subjects without IR and 8 prepubertal, 15 pubertal, and 47 postpubertal subjects with IR. The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) (Kg/m2) was 29.1 and 34.2, Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (mm Hg) was 128.6 and 134.2, Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) (mm Hg) was 66 and 72, total cholesterol (TC) (mg/dl) was 160.2 and 164.8, triglyceride (TG) (mg/dl) was 70 and 104.2, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (mg/dl) cholesterol was 54.2 and 46.8 and Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (mg/dl) cholesterol was 92 and 98 in subjects without IR and in subjects with IR respectively. The mean uric acid was 5.3 mg/dl in subjects without IR and 5.9 mg/dl in subjects with IR. The mean MT6s:Cr (Melatonin 6s: Creatinine) ratio was 31.4 in subjects without IR and 27.4 in subjects with IR. The difference between both groups was found to be significant (P< 0.05).