Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : central obesity


EFFECT OF ULTRASOUND CAVITATION VERSUS PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE IONTOPHORESIS ON CENTRAL OBESITY IN HYPERTENSIVE WOMEN

Mina Nashat Halim Farag; Ramez Yousry Fawzy Bakhoom; Ahmed Assem Abd El Rahim; Ahmed Aref Ahmed Hussein; Mahmoud Y Elzanaty

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 821-832

Background/aim: Central obesity (CO) confers a great threat on the cardio-metabolic health of
population. Central obesity is directly matched with increased visceral abdominal fat and it is also
matched with endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance, hypercholesterolemia, and cancer.
Purpose of the study: This study was designed to compare between the effect of ultrasound
cavitation and phosphatidylcholine iontophoresis on central obesity in hypertensive women.
Material and methods:It is a randomized controlled trial performed on 40 hypertensive centrally
obese females divided into two equal groups. Group (A) consisted of 20 females received
ultrasound cavitation, Group (B) consisted of 20 females received phosphatidylcholine
iontophoresis. The primary outcome measures were waist circumference, visceral fat range,
systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Results: the results showed that there was statistically
significant improvement in central obesity and hypertension in Group A but there was statistically
significant improvement in central obesity but non-significant improvement in hypertension in
Group B. Improvement in Group A is more significant than in Group B regarding the percent of
decline in WC, VFR and DBP. Conclusion: there was improvement in central obesity and blood
pressure in women after applying ultrasound cavitation and phosphatidylcholine iontophoresis
with better results in ultrasound cavitation than phosphatidylcholine iontophoresis.

Distribution Of Metabolic Syndrome Components In Patients Younger Than 50 Years Of Age Of Indian Population

Dr. Inder pal Singh; Dr. Kamaldeep kaur; Dr. Lovleen Bhatia; Dr. Ajay pal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4786-4793

Background: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Present study aimed to assess the frequency distribution of various components of metabolic syndrome in patients younger than 50 years of age.
Materials and method: The study group consisted of 100 patients less than 50 years of age admitted at Rajindra Hospital with acute coronary disease.
Results: Most common age group was 45-50 years in both males and females, with 66% patients belongs to this age group. 37 patients of ACS with MS, most common component in males was raised blood pressure (SBP and DBP), in females most common component was impaired fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Waist circumference was statistically significantly raised in patients of ACS with MetS as compared to patients of ACS without MetS. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was statistically significantly raised in patients of ACS with MS as compared to patients of ACS without MS. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was statistically significantly raised in patients of ACS with MetS as compared to patients of ACS without MetS. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) Serum triglycerides(TGc) and Serum high density lipoproteins (LDL) was statistically significantly raised in patients of ACS
Conclusion: All the five components of metabolic syndrome i.e. waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, serum triglycerides, serum high density lipoproteins were significantly associated with patients of acute coronary syndrome with metabolic syndrome as compared to patients of acute coronary syndrome without metabolic syndrome.