Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Antimicrobial efficacy

Herbal Formulations in Dentistry: Review

Dr. Tina Agarwal, M.D.S., Dr. Ramakrishna Yeluri, M.D.S.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1888-1897

This article aims to review about the antimicrobial efficacy of different herbal formulations against various oral pathogens in Dentistry.
Background: Based on literature about ten essential oils were chosen for this study and their antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated on different oral microorganisms.
Review results: Different essential oil showed different results over oral bacteria. The most common oral bacteria on which effect was seen areStreptococcus mutans, E. faecalis, Candida albicans and Porphyromonas gingivalis.
Conclusion: Herbal formulations were found to be effective against oral microorganisms in dentistry.
Clinical Significance: This review provides an alternative approach for the treatment of dental diseases and periodontal issues.

Comparative Evaluation Of Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Three Endodontic Irrigating Solutions Against Enterococcus Faecalis

Kanwalpreet Kaur Bhullar; Shubhneet Kaur; Shantun Malhotra; Harshdeep Singh; Aashish Handa; Rupam Kaur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4800-4804

Background: Irrigants and intracanal medicaments form a necessary adjunct that enhances the antimicrobial effect of mechanical cleansing and thus augments overall clinical efficacy. Hence; the present study was undertaken for analyzing and comparing the efficacy of three endodontic irrigating solutions against Enterococcus Faecalis.
Materials & methods: A total of thirty single rooted mandibular first premolar specimens were included. Sectioning of the specimens was done at cement-enamel junction level. Instrumentation of the root canals was done with rotary instruments to an apical size of ProTaper F3. Vertical sectioning of all the specimens was done along the mid-sagittal plane into two halves. All the specimens were divided into following study groups: Group A: 5% Sodium hypochlorite, Group B: 0.2% Chitosan and Group C: Saline. Inoculation of the bacterium was done in the broth in all the tissue culture wells. The biofilm on root canal surface was taken with a sterile scalpel and inoculated on agar plates and incubated. Colony forming units were then analyzed. Analysis of all the results was done using SPSS software.
Results: Mean CFU among specimens of group A, group B and group C were found to be 0.59, 2.118 and 90.184 respectively. While analyzing the results statistically, significant results were obtained.
Conclusion: Sodium hypochlorite exhibited maximum efficacy against Enterococcus Faecalis.