Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Suicide

Evaluation of pattern of hanging cases in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh: An original research

Dr. Divyesh Saxena, Dr. Sarthak Juglan, Dr. Jitendra Singh Tomar, Dr. Shailendra Patel

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1104-1109

Aim: The purpose of the present research was to assess the patterns of hanging cases in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh.
Methodology: Present prospective study of hanging cases was carried out at Mortuary of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology department, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior (M.P) between Jan 2020 – Dec 2021.  A total of 4291 cases were autopsied of which 495 cases were of hanging which were included in the present research. The findings were recorded and analysis was done to find out age and sex distribution, type of hanging, level of ligature mark, type of ligature material used and reasons of suicide etc.
Results: In the present study 31 to 40 year was the most commonly involved age group followed by 21-30 years and 41-50 years in which male outnumbered the female. Complete hanging was seen in 75% deaths. Nylon rope was the most commonly used material for hanging. Evidence of salivary stains around the angle of mouth was present in 36.56% of the cases. In 78.18% of cases the ligature mark was present above the level of thyroid cartilage. The most common reason for hanging deaths was the family disputes (42.82%). The incidence of hanging was more common in Married people than unmarried people.
Conclusion: Middle age group population between 31–40 years are more susceptible victims of suicides by hanging which constitutes about 31.31% of total cases.
Suicide; Hanging; Autopsy, Demographic variables

Assessment of injury pattern and analysis of its outcome in patients presenting to emergency department after near hanging

Dr.Muralidhar N

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1068-1072

Background: The common modes of suicide were ingestion of agricultural chemicals,
hanging, self-immolation, and drowning. The present study was conducted to assess injury
pattern and analysis of its outcome in patients presenting to emergency department after
near hanging.
Materials & Methods:136 cases of near hanging presenting to emergency department of
both genders were included and injuries diagnosed, inpatient course, mortality, and
functional disability at the time of discharge was recorded. Injury severity was assessed
using the ISS and the abbreviated injury score for each anatomic body region.
Results: Age group 1-14 years had 46, 15-45 years had 70 and 45- 65 years had 30. Base
deficit was 5.4, ISS score was 8.7, GCS 13-15% was seen in 8, 9-12% in 35, 3-8% in 90 and
missing in 13. Mortality was seen among 42 subjects. The injuries reported was abrasions
in 42%, brain in 28%, spinals in 10%, chest in 8%, larynx/pharynx in 5%, extremity in 4%
and vascular in 3%. The mean ventilator days was 3.6, ICU stay days was 3.9, hospital stay
days was 5.4. Functional outcome complete independence (FIMtot=12) was seen in 87%,
complete disability (FIMtot= 3) in 4%, severe disability feeding (FIM<3) in 8%, severe
disability expression (FIM<3) in 10%, severe disability locomotion (FIM<3) in 11% and
discharged to rehabilitation in 18%.
Conclusion: Hanging injuries are associated with a high overall mortality rate. The
majority of survivors have little to no functional disability.

Systamatic Review On Depression During Covid-19

Ms. Siji mol; Dr.Monisha S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5551-5560

In 2020, millions of cases of COVID-19 have been detected all over the world. Different infectious diseases are very frightening as of they can lead to death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 was a virus that a sick person couldn't fight and infect the healthy ones in a short amount of time. WHO has established recommendations, such as isolation, avoiding close contact, caring for oneself and others, keeping updated about the symptoms and risk, recommending appropriate actions, to contain the infection1. The current study is evaluation of the literature done on the depression during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Scopus database have been used for the selection of the articles. Total 1612 articles have been evaluated for the systamatic review