Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : smokers

Evaluation Of Effect Of Diabetes And Smoking On Prognosis Of Dental Implants- A Clinical Study

Dr. Sumit S Shetgar; Dr. Sanket Ingale; Dr. Vinayak Shukla; Dr. Shripal Oswal; Dr. Vikram Todkar; Dr. Rutuja Todkar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 45-49

Background: The risk factors for implant are due to surgical procedure and patient characteristics. The present study was conducted to assess effect of diabetes and smoking on prognosis of dental implants.
Materials & Methods: 120 patients who received dental implants in last 2 years were divided into 4 groups of 30 each. Group I were smokers and non- diabetic, group II were diabetic and non- smokers, group III were smokers and diabetics and group IV were controls. Success rate of dental implants were assessed.
Results: There were 18 males and 12 females in group I, 14 males and 16 females in group II, 13 males and 17 females in group III and 15 males and 15 females in group IV. There were 24 successful implants in group I, 23 in group II, 23 in group III and 28 in group IV. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Success rate was highest among healthy as compared to diabetics and smokers.


Dr. Lajwanti lalwani; Dr. Gyanshankar mishra; Dr. Abhay gaidhane; Dr. Zahiruddin quazi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1342-1347

Introduction- Pursed lip breathing (PBL) is spontaneously adopted by COPD
patients to relieve dyspnea. A systematic review done by S. E. Roberts et al concluded that
studies should be done to find the short-term benefits of PBL that helps in clinical
improvement in patient’s status. So with this background the study was undertaken to find
the effect of PLB in stable COPD patients for shorter time on saturation levels, dyspnea
and PEFR Readings.
Methodology- IEC approval from institute and written informed consent was signed by the
subjects. This is an Experimental study and included 56 stable COPD patients were
included in the study with inclusive criteria of Diagnosed case of Stable COPD Patients on
regular medication and visiting respiratory OPD and IPD of tertiary care center.

Association of Lipid Profiles, Body Mass Index and ABO Blood Groups among Iraqi Male Smokers and Non- Smokers

Suad Azeez Hasan; Saad Abdul Kareem Mohammed; Aya Nabeel Hameed; Jasim Adaeem Shaalan; Manar Muhammed Hassan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 194-201

This short study enclosed a male category of Iraqis (343) divided into 2 groups one group
contain smokers males (183) who smoke over twenty cigarettes per day and group of nonsmokers
males (160), the mean age groups was (41 years), the predominant blood groups
was O+ and B+, for each groups. The results of this study revealed statistically highly
significant differences within the group of smokers ' body mass levels and blood lipid
levels in distinction to those of the non-smokers with a propensity to have obesity within
the category of smokers relative to the group of non-smokers, so blood lipid
concentrations were higher in total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL cholesterol rate in
the smoker's community, and the HDL rate was lower. Whereas the body mass index for
this study was a statistically highly significant regression towards the high proportion of
obesity with high concentration levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density
fats and a drop in high-density fat concentration levels

Estimation Of Salivary Alkaline Phosphatase Levels In Smokers And Tobacco Chewers Associated With Diabetes

Sushmitha M; Preethi. M; B. Sivapathasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 119-128
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.05.12

Background:- Alkaline phosphatase is the group of hydrolytic enzymes that are involved in the cellular metabolism. Alkaline phosphatase in saliva is used as an indicator of gingival inflammation, bone metabolism and other oral lesions like premalignancies and oral cancer.
Aim and objective: To estimate the levels of Salivary Alkaline Phosphatase (S-ALP) in smokers and tobacco chewers associated with diabetes and diabetics without any habits.
Materials and Methods: The study includes 30 cases and 10 control. 30 cases divided in group A, B and C and control group D: (1) Group A - 10 smokers who are diabetic. (2) Group B - 10 tobacco chewers who are diabetic. (3) Group C - 10 nonsmokers and non-tobacco chewers who are diabetic. (4) Group D - 10 nonsmokers, non-tobacco chewers and nondiabetic as control. Saliva was collected from the subjects of the above mentioned groups and the levels of S-ALP were estimated using a semi auto- analyzer and comparison was made.
Results: The result reveals increase in the alkaline phosphatase levels in saliva of smokers and tobacco chewers with diabetes group (Group A, B). Non-smokers and non-tobacco chewers with diabetes group (Group C) had higher level compared to the control group (Group D).
Conclusion: Salivary alkaline phosphatase is a clinical biomarker that is used to determine the oral diseases due to adverse habits and diabetes at its early stage.


Kethiswar Raj; Balakrishna R N

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1159-1165

Alveolar osteitis which is also known as dry socket, is an inflammation of the alveolar bone. Usually, this occurs after a postoperative complication of tooth extraction.Alveolar osteitis can occur where the blood clot fails to form or is lost from the socket and this leaves the empty socket where bone is exposed to the oral cavity, causing a localized alveolar osteitis limited to the lamina dura . This most specific type is known as dry socket and is associated with increased pain and delayed healing time.The aim of the study is to compare the prevalence of dry socket and age as a risk factor in patients who visited Saveetha Dental College.The objective was to find the base in Saveetha Dental college by the data collected for the theoretical framework for research proposal.In materials and methods , there are certain requirements that were necessary such as case control study for a better understanding , patients details who visited saveetha dental college for a background check , data obtained from the outpatient record was to ensure that the data can be supported , followed by analytics of dry socket patients to know the total number of patients involved ,the sample size obtained and the tabulation of data was done in excel sheet and finally a satisfied analysis is done with the proper data.The majority of patients that are with dry socket were around the age range from 28 years to 47 years and is more common in females than in males and majority of them are non-smokers.Even in the gender prevalence , the total number of females are more than males by numbers and it is obtained with the confirmed data.The mean age group from the age range of 28 years to 47 years is the age group 50 years and the positive statistically significant correlation between the age and dry sockets.The type of test used in this study is this chi square test and the P value of the test is <0.05 which is significant.We can observe the graph showing distributions such as age where the age group from 28 years to 47 years has a total value of (9 with 53.1%) and we also can conclude that the age group from 55 years to 74 years have a total value of 46.9%.In gender we can tell from the graph that the male group has a total value of (8 with 47.1%) and that the female group has a total value of (52.9%).From smoking we can conclude that a total of (76.5%) of the obtained patients are non-smokers and a total of (23.5%) of the obtained patients are smokers