Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : prisoners

Health Care in Prisons and Detention Homes During COVID-19 Pandemic in India

M.Z.M. Nomani; Zafar Hussain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1488-1492

The paper deals with the legal framework for the health care in prisons and detention homes during COVID-19 pandemic in India. The World Health Organization has issued Guidance on COVID-19 for Prisons and Detention, 2020 for the health care system to deal with challenges of contagion in the arena of criminal justice system. The National Crime Record Bureau and the Prison Statistics India, 2020 revealed overcrowding and occupancy in jails as formidable threat of infection and transmission. Though the health and human rights envisages highest attainable standard of health among prisoners and detainees, ripple effect on community infection through detainees in detention homes and jails cannot be ruled out. The global outbreak of the COVID-19 has cascading effect on the health of inmates and convicts living in enclosed environments during the pandemic.

Role Played By Indian Judiciary In Recognition, Promotion, And Protection Of Rights Of Prisoners In India

Harikumar Pallathadka

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 4362-4371

The Indian judge is the Ombudsman against infringements of fundamental rights inherent
in the constitution in addition to the only protective arms and constitution found
worldwide. For the security of the civil rights of prisoners, legal consideration is essential
in our culture. The Supreme Court of India (SCI) is truly a beacon of the rights against
torture. The Hon'ble Supreme Court of India is the protector of the Constitution of India,
and Article 21 of the Constitution of India is the guiding principle for the protection of the
life and liberty of an individual. This paper examines the critical decisions taken by the
Indian higher justice system on how the Indian judiciary has developed its values and new
tactics in ensuring human rights for prisoners. It also discusses prisoners' human dignity,
civil rights status, and Human Rights law.