Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : health


PHARMACOLOGICAL USES OF COIR

Preeti Gautam, Mansab Raza ,Amandeep Singh ,Jyoti Saxena

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 751-759

The coconut, Cocosnucifera L., is a plant that has been cultivated for its many benefits,
especially in its nutritional and medicinal properties. Coconut is an unusual, edible fruit
produced from coconut trees. The coconut tree is a type of palm that has a single straight
stem and has been used for many purposes since prehistoric times. Every part can be used,
including fruit, wood, and leaves. As a result, the trees are widely grown in many parts of
South India for commercial and domestic use. From the coconut tree are found several
products including coconut, soft coconut water, coconut, coconut shell and so on. All
components are used. It is a unique source of various nutrients, so it has many medical
functions including anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-plastic, anti-diabetic etc to
maintain good health. And this current review explains the facts of a healthy diet and several
activities of the Cocosnucifera drug.

GENERAL CLEANLINESS AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL BOYS OF AGE 10 – 14 YEARS

Oviya M; Brunda MP; Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 531-536

Personal hygiene among children is considered as the best tool to improve community strategies and intervention practices to tackle the many communicable and infectious diseases. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out. The participants were school children who are 10-14-year olds. A questionnaire was used to collect information about demographic characteristics, and then the children were interviewed and inspected regarding their general hygiene, including the state of their uniform or clothes, bathing, oral care, hand washing before and after eating, hand washing after use of toilet, covering one’s mouth when sneezing and coughing, appropriate disposal of solid tissue and unkempt hair or nails. The prevalence of cleanliness and neatness among school children was 76.7%. Furthermore, these improved with age. Poor oral hygiene (47.6%) and not washing hands after eating (47.1%) followed by unkempt hair (44.0%) were the main types of poor personal hygiene. Health promotion programmes and health education lectures should be implemented for children and their families. School nurses, school staff and parents also have an important role in teaching the children how to practice good personal hygiene.

Most Common Side Effects Of Antibacterial Drugs In The Treatment Of Bacterial Infection

Mavlyanova Nozima; Mamatova Nodira; Аgzamova Nazifa; Muxitdinova Mavjuda; Sherova Zebo; Buranova Dilfuza; Muxammadjanova Madina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3420-3426

Primum non nocere is a principle proclaimed by Hippocrates and remains relevant throughout the history of medicine. Unfortunately, pharmacotherapy does not always correspond to it. Although modern oral antibacterial drugs generally have a favorable safety profile, there are still many side effects. Antibacterial, like all medicines, have side effects, some of the side effects can be serious and some are dire. The use of antibacterial drugs in all areas of medicine, often unreasonable indications for their use, free access for the potential consumer - all this leads to irrational use of drugs, starting from an early age. More than 50% of diseases are infectious in nature. Infectious drugs account for 20% of all drugs currently used in medicine. The misuse of antibiotics is fraught with the development of antimicrobial resistance in the pathogen.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Root resection: A General Review

Dr. Anand V; Dr. Amarendiran

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5737-5744

Root resection is a specialized surgery, focusing on face reconstructive surgery, facial trauma surgery, oral cavity, head, neck mouth, jaws, and facial cosmetic surgery. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, and countries involved in the research domain of “Root resection” by using the published articles from “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active country of the research domain was the United States of America. The leading organization engaged in the research regarding “Root resection” was the University of Bristol of United Kingdom. The most active authors were Haskell E.W., Loushine R.J., Weller R.N., Tay F.R., Pashley D.H., Berkovitz. B.K.B., Schwendicke F., and Graetz

Analysis And Visualisation Of Research Trends In Maxillofacial Radiology: A General Review

Dr.Senthamarai S; Dr.Maunika M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5455-5462

The body surface relating to jaws and face is called “Maxillofacial region”1. Injuries and deformities in these regions are fatal and Maxillofacial surgery may be required in critical cases. For proper diagnosis and treatment of cases around this region can be precise by experienced service of maxilla facial radiology department. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, and countries involved in the research domain of “Maxillofacial radiology treatments” by using the published articles from “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active countries were the United Kingdom and Germany. The leading organization engaged in the research regarding “Maxillofacial radiology treatments” was the University of Western Cape in South Africa. The most active authors were Schulze R. and Jacobs R.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Periradicular Surgery: A General Review

Dr.Saravanan P.S; HOD,Dr.Narayana reddy M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5723-5730

Periradicular Surgery is a specialized surgery, focusing on face reconstructive surgery, facial trauma surgery, oral cavity, head, neck mouth, jaws, and facial cosmetic surgery. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, and countries involved in the research domain of “Periradicular Surgery” by using the published articles from “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active country of the research domain was the United States of America and Brazil. The leading organization engaged in the research regarding “Periradicular Surgery” was the Universidade Estacio de Sa of Brazil. The most active authors were Taschieri S., Testori T, and Siqueira J.F

Analysis And Visualisation Of Research Trends In Endodontic: A General Review

Dr.Komala P.T; Dr. Suresh R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5510-5520

Endodontic is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the dental pulp and the surrounding tissues.Endodontic procedures can be surgical or non-surgical.The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Endodontic” by using the published articlesfrom “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active journal in this research domain was identified as the Journal of Endodontics and the International Endodontic Journal.The most active country of the research domain was the United States of America and the United Kingdom. The leading organizations engaged in the research regarding “Endodontic” wereSaveetha Dental College and Hospitals and Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences of India.The most active authors who had made valuable contributions related to “Endodontic” were Soltanoff W. and Seltzer S.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Community Medicine: A General Review

Dr.Muthulakshmi R; Dr. Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5388-5397

Community medicines is a branch of medicine dealing with health issues of the community as a whole The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Community medicine”.  All published articles related to “Community medicine” from “Scopus”, were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps.This article had set the objective to consolidate the scientific literature regarding “Community medicine”and also to find out the trends related to the same.The most active journals in this research domain were identified asthe Journal of Public Health andJournal of the National Medical Association. The most active countries were the United States of America andthe United Kingdom. The leading organizations engaged in the research regarding “Community medicine” wereIcahn School of Medicine of the United States of America and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicineof the United Kingdom. The most active authorswere Deuschle K.W. and Levin J.S.

Analysis And Visualisation Of Research Trends In Intentional Replantation: A General Review

Dr.Sriram .; Dr.Monisha S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5445-5454

Intentional replacement procedure involves removal of tooth and replacement or reinsertion by surgical procedure into the tooth socket. This method is generally considered as a last resort or in cases where conventional surgery is impossible. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Intentional replantation treatments” by using the published articles from “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active journal in this research domain was identified as the Journal of Endodontics; and Dental Traumatology. The most active country of the research domain was the United States of America, Brazil, and Turkey. The leading organizations were the University of Pennsylvania of the United States of America and Yonsei University of South Korea. The most active authors were Filippi A, Von Arx T., Kim E., and Lee S.J

Air Pollutants and Health Effects at Different Locations in Dhaka City

Brundaban Naik; K.L. Mohanta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 860-868

Air pollution is a significant environmental concern. Over several decades air pollution in Dhaka city have risen significantly. Regarding the healthy environment, the air pollutant investigation in Dhaka and other metropolitan areas is of great importance. Air pollution and their potential health impacts in Dhaka Cities are the subject of current study. Numerous pollutants have been found to be harmful in this field of research, including volatile organic compounds ( VOC, s), nitrogen oxide ( NOx), relative humidity ( RH), carbon monoxide ( CO), , sulfure (SO2), hydrogen Sulfide ( H2S) (CO2) (O2), particulate matter (PM10), suspended particulate matter (PM2.5), and lead ( Pb). The VOC and CO, RH, NOx, H2S, CO2, PM10, PM2.5, SPM and Pb (p<0.01; 0.01 < p 0.05, 0.05 < p 0.1) were related statistically well. The relation with CO2 , CO, SO2 , NOx, H2S, SPM, PM10, PM2.5 and Pb has always been positive in each case. Between June 2018 to July 2019 at many places in Dhaka, these ozone pollution increased considerably. According to medical and health professionals, environmental pollutants are responsible for safety problems such as eye inflammation, diarrhea, kidney disruption to central nervous tract, cancer of the brain, respiratory diseases, diarrhy, asthma to anemia. In order to protect inhabitants against various diseases, daily monitoring of air quality criteria and essential guidance can be given for the creation of a healthy environment in urban residents of Dhaka

mHealth (Mobile health) An Advanced Option for Assessment of Human health

Sarada Prasana Pati; Priyabrata Pattanaik; S.K. Kamilla

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1279-1291

Mobile health services have created an integral feature of the pharmacy scene. The implementation including the use of mHealth are important, but it is still not used. While specialists and experts perceive that mHealth offers extraordinary chances, generally existing work has involved public venture based improvements in specific zones. Existing papers overall use clinical writing and classifications: none researched about mHealth from an IS configuration perspective. Recognizing application areas, plan issues and IS research procedures will show models, issues, approaches and problem to educate future exploration. A far reaching analysis Mobile health is the innovative utilization of developing mobile gadgets to convey and improve social insurance rehearses. It coordinates Mobile innovation with the health conveyance with the reason of advancing a superior health and improving productivity. Mobile health has become an undeniably significant subject in a number of panels, for example, health correspondence, open health, and health advancement. There has been colossal increment in the various types of Mobile Health (mHealth) applications and the quantity of utilizations being made for both the clinical and, customer social insurance space of forward-thinking writing from this perspective is significant, for hypothetical movement and for controlling certifiable inventive developments.

Type of article: Review article Title of the article: MICROBIOME IN HEALTH AND DISEASED

Dr. N. Anitha; Dr. A.M. Sherene Christina Roshini; Dr.N.Aravindha Babu; Dr. E. Rajesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1486-1491

Microbes continue to live on and within human beings. Intestinal microbial imbalance has a close relationship with human health and disease. This review article targets on the communication between human microbiome and host in order to provide an overview of the microbial role in biological processes and in major human diseases such as infectious diseases, liver diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, metabolic diseases, respiratory diseases, mental or psychological diseases, and autoimmune diseases. Hence research is necessary for understanding the role of microbiome in health and disease which pave the way for treatment approaches in clinical practice

FEATURES OF THE INFLUENCE OF PESTICIDES DIFFERENT BY THE SPECIFICITY OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION ON HEALTH INDICATORS OF CHILDREN

Yakshimurat Kurambaev; Zevara Karimova; ZulkhumorJumaeva .; Maryam Yakubova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2455-2462

Abstract: We examined the data of appeals to outpatient clinics in order to detect the
incidence of pneumonia in children in areas with different intensities of pesticide usage. It
was found that in the areas of intensive usage of pesticides (cotton growing area) in
children aged 0-4 years, acute pneumonia is recorded 3-5 times more often than in the
zone of limited usage of pesticides (livestock area). The static differences are significant.
The prevalence of acute pneumonia among girls is 7–20% higher than among boys. The
highest level of respiratory diseases is found at the age of 1 to 4 years. With the increase in
the territorial burden of pesticides, the level of perinatal pathology and the number of
premature infants increase. The data confirm that acute pneumonia and other respiratory
diseases are more common in the cotton growing area than in the livestock one. However,
the study of the regional characteristics of the incidence of children has established that in
the general structure of the respiratory diseases, pneumonia occupies the first place.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Community Maternal Care: A General Review

Dr.Keerthana S, Tutor; Dr. Maunika,Junior Resident

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5375-5387

Maternal care is a very important pillar of a healthy society. Community health measures play a significant role in improving the quality of maternal care and thereby reducing maternal mortality. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Community maternal care” by using the published articlesfrom “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps.The most active journals in this research domain were identified asthe BMC Pregnancy and Child Birth; and BMC Health Services Research. The most active countries were the United States of America. The leading organizations engaged in the research regarding “Community maternal care” wherethe Ministry of Health of Uganda and Harvard Medical School of the United States of America. The most active authorswere Von Dadelszen P. and Fotso J.-C.

Analysis And Visualisation Of Research Trends In Endodontic Surgeries: A General Review

Dr. Ursula Sampson; Dr. Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5499-5509

Endodontic procedures can be surgical or non-surgical. The non-surgical Endodontic procedures are called Endodontic surgery treatments. The endodontic surgery includes periapical surgery, hemisection or root resection, and intentional replantation. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Endodontic Surgeries” by using the published articlesfrom “Scopus”. The resourceswere analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active journal in this research domain was identified as the Journal of Endodontics and the International Endodontic Journal.The most active country of the research domain was the United States of America. The leading organizations werethe University of Milan and IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute of Italy. The most active authorswere Corbella S., Taschieri S., and Del Fabbro M.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Community Nutrition: A General Review

Dr.Poovendan .; Dr.Amarendiran .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5429-5439

Community nutrition plays a significant role in the development of community and society as a whole. The role of community medicines in the nutritional balance of society is very important.The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Community nutrition” by using the published articlesfrom “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active journal in this research domain was identified as the Nutrition Research and Practice; and American Journal of Preventive Medicine.The most active countries were South Korea. The leading organization engaged in the research regarding “Community nutrition” wasthe Ewha Womans University and Seoul National University of South Korea. The most active authorswere Ha A.W., Kim W.K., Kim J., Lee J., and Kim Y.

Human Agency, Social Structure and Forming of Health Consciousness and Perception

Dr.Rajeesh C Sarngadharan; KT Nandu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5910-5916

The social context of an individual shapes the risk of exposure, susceptibility of the host, and disease’s course and outcome, even if the disease is infectious, genetic, malignant, or degenerative. For example Conley at al. (2003) in their study among two groups of couples where one is high income and the other is low income group, along with each group has same 20 percent biological predisposition toward having a low-birth-weight baby finds that social variables can reverse the biological disadvantage. They found that the high income group has a very high probability of dealing with their biological predisposition through better nutrition and prenatal care. Their study shows that social factors can reverse the biological risk, for example by explaining how income translate into better education, living situation, jobs, quality medical care, and a good diet and other healthy lifestyle practices.

Role of Physicians and Human Behavior in Smoking Cessation

Ruchi Bhuyan; Shishirkanta Behera

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1351-1360

Smoking is a process in which a drug is ingested and smoke is absorbed into the blood stream. Tobacco smoking is mostly used as a prescribing pathway for illicit drug consumption because burning of the dried plant leaves vaporizes and absorbs illegal drugs with accelerated ingestion through the bloodstream through the lungs and enters the body's tissue. The dried leaves of the tobacco plant, which are rolled onto a tiny square of rice paper, are one of the most widely used in smoking and make a thin, circular ring which are traditionally called "cigarettes." Cigarettes are mostly developed by manufacturers, but may also be laminated by the hand using loose tobacco & rolling paper. Other tools include cigars, pipes, bidis, hookahs, bongs & smoking vaporizers. The paper explains the impacts of smoking on the health of the human race and seeks to identify obstacles and drivers for cessation of smoking.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Community Medicine and COVID 19: A General Review

Dr. Kayalvizhi E; Dr. Suresh R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5398-5407

Community medicines is a branch of medicine dealing with health issues of the community as a whole The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “community medicine and COVID19”.  All published articles related to “Community medicine and COVID19” from “Scopus”, were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps.This article had set the objective to consolidate the scientific literature regarding the “Community medicine and COVID19”and also to find out the trends related to the same.The most active journals in this research domain were identified asDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness andThe Lancet Infectious Diseases. The most active countries were the United States of America andChina. The leading organizations engaged in the research regarding “Community medicine and COVID19” wereHarvard Medical School and the University of Washington of the United States of America.The most active authorswere Wolf M.S. and Yuen K.-Y.

A Review Study On Challenges To Alter Health Behavior?

Dr.Shanmuga Priya M; Dr.Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5576-5581

To show that six common mistakes in initiatives to improve conduct hindered the application of psychological and sociological empirical evidence; to propose a novel method that integrates existing behavioural research trends. The role of health actions in the root of the global non-communicable disease outbreak has been seen to contribute to attempts to alter conduct. It should be remembered that most attempts to improve health habits have been quite effective. This paper argues that debates on behaviour change in political decision-making contain six widespread mistakes, and that these errors have made the business of behaviour change far more complicated than appropriate. Overview on strategies and procedures that improve behaviour. The explanations why awareness and knowledge of actions have changed too far in the prevention of tobacco, food and physical inactivity disorders are considered and an alternate solution is introduced. This model takes advantage of emerging advances in behavioural research. The previous psychological and sociological situations must be recognized and psychological theories about the automated and reflective processes should be coupled with sociological ideas on social practice.

Analysis And Visualisation Of Research Trends In Maxillofacial Surgery: A General Review

Dr. Sivasankari S; Dr. Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5463-5469

Maxillofacial surgery is a specialized surgery, focusing on face reconstructive surgery, facial trauma surgery, oral cavity, head, neck mouth, jaws, and facial cosmetic surgery. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, and countries involved in the research domain of “Maxillofacial Surgery” by using the published articles from “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active countries were Germany, France, and Italy. The leading organizations engaged in the research regarding “Maxillofacial Surgery” were Justus Liebig University Giessen of Germany. The most active authors who had made valuable contributions related to “Maxillofacial Surgery” were Ettorre G., Mommaerts M.Y., Lowry J.C., Howaldt H.P., Schaaf H., Sailer H.F, and Kolb E.

Decreasing Students’ Stress Through DeStressMeNow Mobile App

Nurul Ain Hidayah Abas; Asma Perveen; Ahmad Jazimin Jusoh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5945-5953

Disseminating information on psychological health for university students is critical to university adjustment, interpersonal relationships, academic issues, and others. Using smartphones as the mean of conveying information is vital as it become devices of choice for the millennials. On this basis, the study aims in developing DeStressMeNow app that acts as early preventative tool in managing stress: to identify stressors, to understand its negative consequences, and to cope with stress. There are three main parts; online activities, offline activities and a podcast; along with detailed definition, self-assessment, techniques and strategies, and stress management success stories revealing the app novelty and uniqueness. The results from Usability Testing show that Relax Your Mind is the favorite segment of the app and is effective in managing stress. Further, the results of the effectiveness study of the app showed its significance in decreasing the stress level among university students. It extends the Emotional Intelligence principle in stress management and improve students’ health. We are proposing a mobile app, a technical version of stress management module, as an accessible instrument to prevent the high occurrence of stress among university students

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Community Neonatal Care: A General Review

Dr.Sundaravadivel V.P; Dr.Dayanithi B S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5418-5428

Neonatal care is a very important pillar of a healthy society. Community health measures play a significant role in improving the quality of neonatal care and thereby reducing neonatal mortality. The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Community neonatal care” by using the published articlesfrom “Scopus”. The resources were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps. The most active journal in this research domain was identified as the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. The most active countries were the United States of America and the United Kingdom. The leading organization engaged in the research regarding “Community neonatal care” wasthe Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Healthof the United States of America. The most active authorswere Debata N.K and Dubey D.

Analysis and Visualisation of Research Trends in Community Medicine in India: A General Review

Dr..Punitha P; Dr.Senthil Nathan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5408-5417

Community medicines is a branch of medicine dealing with health issues of the community as a whole The bibliometric analysis had been conducted to understand the active authors, organizations, journals, and countries involved in the research domain of “Community medicine in India”.  All published articles related to “Community medicine” from “Scopus”, were analyzed using the VOS viewer to develop analysis tables and visualization maps.This article had set the objective to consolidate the scientific literature regarding the “Community medicine in India”and also to find out the trends related to the same.The most active journals in this research domain were identified asIndian Journal of Community Medicine and the Journal of Ethnopharmacology.The most active country in this research domain in India. The leading organizations engaged in this research domain werethe Indian Council of Medical Research and All India Institute of Medical Sciences of India.The most active authors who had made valuable contributions related to “Community medicine in India” were Kumar A. and Gupta A. This research domain offers a new avenue for researchers regarding future research.

IMPACT OF FAST FOOD ON DEPRESSION IN THE ADOLESCENT POPULATION

B. Aishwarya Reddy; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Nivethigaa. B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 532-539

Depression In adolescence is linked with a range of adverse outcomes and substantial risk for morbidity
and mortality across the life span. Fast food is a common element of many adolescent’s diets. This leads to
pediatric obesity and the consequence could be increased risk of depression. A diet high in sodium could
develop symptoms of depression in early adolescence and that diet could be a modifiable risk factor for
depression in adolescent patients.The aim of the study is to evaluate the association between fast food
intake and mental health in the adolescent population.An online questionnaire was prepared and circulated
among the adolescent population.The sample size is 100. The data was tabulated and then imported to
SPSS software by IBM and the statistical Chi square test was done.Out of 100 adolescents, 71% were
females and 29% of them were males. 81% of them follow a mixed diet. 90% of the adolescents consume
fast food.The prevalence of consumption of fast food is much higher in the adolescent population. Out of
various types of fast foods, the prevalence of consumption of sweets is much higher in the adolescent
population. And most

FOODS THAT CAN BE AVOIDED TO MAINTAIN IMMUNITY

Amirtha Varshini; Jayalakshmi Somasundaram; Lakshminarayanan Arivarasu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 390-396

Foods contain various substances which control the physiological functions of the body, modulating
immune responses which is one among the important functions of foods. Immune functions are
indispensable for defending the body against attack by pathogens or cancer cells and plays a pivotal role
in the maintenance of health. The immune system is supported by the fragile balance that comes with a
healthy lifestyle. Adequate sleep, exercise, and, of course, a healthful diet all contribute to maintaining the
body’s system of defense against illnesses.The immune system acts to guard the host from infectious
agents that exist within the environment and from other noxious insults. Nutritional deficiencies seem to
weaken the immune system leading to increased disease and mortality. Extrinsic factors can adversely
affect immune responses producing states of secondary immunodeficiency and a consequent increased risk
of infections. After all, a healthy body and sane mind is all we would like to survive the challenges of this
fast paced world. So it is important to take care of a healthy immune system. In addition to knowledge of
foods which boosts immunity, it is also important to know the foods that should be avoided to maintain a
healthy immune system. This study reviews the foods that can be avoided to maintain immunity and thus
promote the immune system.

AWARENESS ABOUT EFFECT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CONTROLLING SYSTEMIC DISEASE AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS: A SURVEY

Sneha Kannan; Venkatesh K; Ganesh Lakshmanan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 591-599

The aim of this study is to get awareness about the benefits of physical activity and its effect on dental students. Recently, it has been recognized that lack of physical activity , especially regular stretching of arms and legs, may affect the course and pathogenesis of a number of systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes mellitus and low birth weight. The purpose of this study is to get awareness about the importance of physical activities and their benefits during the busy schedule of dental students. Dentistry is a field of challenges, especially the health of a budding dentist must be on top priority . A well maintained body is equal to a peaceful mind and it can be attained only through exercise. A cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted. A total of 104 people of Saveetha Dental College were made to answer all the questions. The result will be analyzed using statistical analysis.
In this study, it was found that 90% are aware of the effect of physical activity to control systemic disease and only 14% are not aware of the statement. It has been proven that physically active individuals gain less weight over time and maintain good health. Thus infrastructure improvements such as sports activity in colleges among faculties, combined with regular exercise provide additional physical activity that would help to reduce obesity and non-communicable diseases in the future.

EFFECT OF SMOKING ON GINGIVAL HEALTH - A REVIEW

Reishy V; Gifrina Jayaraj; Gayatri Devi R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1346-1352

Smoking is recognised as a risk factor for human health. It is related to many problems like respiratory problems, cardiovascular disease, cancer, etc. Smoking is associated with incidence of gingivitis, periodontitis, epithelial malignancy in the oral cavity. It increases the number and depth of periodontal patients. Loss of tissue strength caused due to harmful compounds like tobacco, increase gingival recession and changes to the oral cavity. Prevalence of moderate and severe diseases are higher in smokers than non-smokers. Smoking affects both gingival epithelium and connective tissue. Density of blood vessels is decreased in smokers. Effect of smoking on vascular status is caused by nicotine compounds. This review was done based on the articles obtained from various platforms like PubMed, PubMed central and Google Scholar. They were collected with a restriction in time basis from 2000-2020. The inclusion criteria were original research papers. In vitro, studied among various conditions and articles that contain pros and cons. Exclusion criteria came into account for review articles, retracted articles and articles of other languages. All the articles are selected based on the effect of smoking on gingival health. Thus, smoking results in various oral health problems like incidence of gingivitis, periodontitis, epithelial malignancy in the oral cavity. It affects gingival recession and changes to the oral mucosa. This review article gives knowledge about the correlation between smoking and health of gingival treatment with various dental problems.