Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Iraq


Dr . Ahmed Abdulameer Ibrahim M . B . Ch . B; Dr . Jawad K . al-Diwan MBChB, MSs, DCN , FIBMS , FFPH.; Dr . Riyadh Al-Rudainy , MB , FICMS / CM3

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 366-374

This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and distinguish kinds and related factors
of Mental Disorders among elderly people attending Geriatric Clinic, Baghdad, Iraq.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study conducted and a systematic random sampling technique
was used to select 320 elderly people. We collected data on basic demographics and associated
risk factors using a questionnaire filled through self-reported questionnaire. Mental disorders
(MDs) were defined according to Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) with a cutoff score
of 20+. Accredited tools used by WHO were utilized to identify mental disorders kinds. Results:
The prevalence of MDs in the study sample was 24.4%. The prevalence of MDs types were:
Depression 16.6%, anxiety 12.8%, dementia 5.3%, substance abuse 2.5%, suicide thoughts
5.6%, and suicide attempts 2.5%. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the
determinant factors of elderly MDs revealed the following significant factors: Aging, smokers,
living depends on others, loneliness and social isolation, visual impairment, economic state
deterioration, neglect and mishandling, and chronic diseases are the determinant factors of
elderly MDs. Conclusions: Mental disorders are wide spread among elderly people and
enhanced elderly mental health care services should be provided

Molecular Detection of Mouse Mammary Tumor-like Virus (MMTV-Like) in Breast Carcinoma for Iraqi Female Patients

Hasan A. Mohammed; Müge Fırat; Mohammed E. Mansur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1533-1566

Background: The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV)-like env gene have
previously been reported to be present in some human breast cancers, however, their
role in developing that cancers is still unclear.
Aim: This study aims to investigate the presence of MMTV-like env gene among
Iraqi women who have breast cancers.
Methods: The prevalence of MMTV-like env gene and beta-globulin gene in
formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) breast tissue specimens of 88 Iraqi women
with breast cancers was detected using conventional PCR and Real- Time techniques.
Eight benign breast tumors’ specimens were also used as controls. Fisher’s exact test
was used to analyse data.
Results: MMTV-like env gene were detected in 16 (18.8%) specimens of those with
breast malignancies, while they were not identified in benign breast tumors
specimens. However, no significant difference between two groups was noted.
Conclusion: MMTV-like env and beta-globin genes were detected in Iraqi women
with breast cancer, and further research is needed to study the role and association of
these env gene with cancer development.

Molecular And Diagnostic Study Of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Species By Nested-PCR Technique In Babylon Province/ Iraq

Iman K. Kadhim; Prof. Dr.Maher A. Al-Quraishi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1190-1198

The study included identification of Leishmania parasite from cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, by examination of smears from patients and Nested-PCR technique ,Out of 215 cases suspected for cutaneous leishmaniasis included (61) pus and (178) tissue these pus sample were diagnosed by direct smear method to see the Amastgote phase .The cases included in this study belonged to some hospitals in the Babylon as Morjan Medical City Hospital (24) , Musayyib General Hospital(17), Thu Al-Kifl General Hospital (29) and Hashimyah General Hospital(145), during the period from (October 2019 to March 2020). According to stain results,(60.6%) from the (61) total pus sample cases were positive to giemsa stain and after that used the DNA extraction from total number (215) sample in Nested–PCR and the results appear in percent (82.7%) ,these percent divided in to (20.7%) to Leishmania. Tropica and (79.2%) to Leishmania. Major. The study aimed to detection of Leishmania species in Babylon province

Symptomatic COVID-19 Cases Admitted to Al Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital, Mid Euphrates Region of Iraq till May 2020

Hassan Raji Jallab

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 121-124

Background: People all over the world were alarmed on February 2020 by the Wuhan
lock down, a Chinese big city, because of the discovery of a new coronavirus with a
major health threat. The virus was initially named 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV),
but now is known as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-
2).Until February 27th 2020, the virus has infected more than 82,294 and has caused
fatality in 2,804 cases.
Aim of the study: The current study was aiming at evaluating the clinical outcome of a
sample of symptomatic patients with COVID-19 admitted to Al-Diwaniyah teaching
hospital at Al-Diwaniyah Province in the mid-Euphrates region of Iraq.
Patients and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Al-Diwaniyah
teaching hospital at Al-Diwaniyah Province in the mid-Euphrates region of Iraq during the
period extending from February the 2nd 2020 till May the 2nd 2020. The study included 11
patients, 6 males and 5 females with an age range of 19 to 60 years.
Results: The rage range was between 19 and 60 years. The study included 6 males and
5 females. All patients were from urban areas. The major manifestations reported in all
cases were fever, headache and upper respiratory tract symptoms followed by sudden
attack of shortness of breath with 5-7 days. Various occupations were reported such as
students, housewife, self employee, employee and retried. The outcome was cure in 5
cases. Five cases are still under clinical observation and supportive measures till now.
One case fatality was observed and he was a 60 years old male with bronchogenic
Conclusion: Symptomatic cases are low in number in our province and cure is the main
outcome however mortality is expected even with respiratory support at intensive care