Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : autism


ANALYSIS OF EITHER AUTISM OR DOWN SYNDROME BABY MOTHERS MENTAL HEALTH

V. Bhavani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2452-2473
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.10.262

The key purpose of this research was to review and analyze the psychological health of women whose children had either Autism or Down syndrome. Observed in the present research, the mental state of the moms, who are primary care providers to their 'special' infants, is of considerable concern when evaluating the literature gathered. The data was obtained using Jagadish & Srivastava's constructed and structured Mental Health Inventory (MHI) with the aid of a purposeful sampling method. The tool's credibility has been already defined by the creator. The pilot study was carried out on 30 participants (l5 moms of autistic children & l5 moms of children with Down syndrome).The hypothesis are formulated for collecting and analyzing the data. The data collection was done in ‘special’ schools. They were located in Alwarpet, Raja anamalaipuram, Basentnagar and Neelangarai. The test was administered to the mothers of children with either autism or down syndrome. The data was tabulated and statistically analyzed. The formulated hypothesis was tested and conclusions were drawn from the findings. The results of the study found that the mum's total mental health of 'special' kids is low. There is about the same level of psychological health for the children and families with either autism condition or down syndrome.

Role play:An intervention for increasing development in children with autism Running title: Intervention for Development of Autism Children

Mariyam .; Marlita Isti Pratiwi; Dera Alfiyanti; Amin Samiasih; Vivi Yosafianti Pohan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 116-121

Background: Autism is a complex neurobiological development disorder that includes disorders of aspects of social interaction, communication, language, behavior, emotions and sensory perceptions. Children with autism who experience developmental delay will feel difficulty in the ability to socialize with the environment. Some therapies that can be done are behavioral, speech, occupational, physical and play therapy. Role play therapy in early childhood can improve social ability. Role play can cultivate empathy, sympathy and enhance cooperation with others.
Purpose: This study aims to determine the influence of role play on the development of autistic children in SLB Negeri Semarang.
Methods: The research design was pre experiment with pre-post test design approach. Sample study was 34 children with autism. Pretest was done by assessing child development. Intervention was done on the second, fourth and sixth days after the pretest. Post test was done on the eighth day. Developments were observed based on Gilliam Autism Rating Scale. Role play was done by asking the child to play a role with the theme of health in pairs. Intervention was done 3 times in 1 week for 5-10 minutes. Wilcoxon test was used for Data analysis.
Finding: The results showed that there was an influence of role play on the development, before the role play 11.8% of good development and after the role play showed 20.6% good development. When children perform role plays, interaction occurs with others, practice improving speech and listening skills and the ability to express feelings.
Conclusion and Recommendation: An Influence of role play on the development. Role play can be used as a therapy for children with autism.

KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS REGARDING AUTISM AMONG UNDERGRADUATE DENTAL STUDENTS IN CHENNAI- A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Sabaritha .; Dr.L.Keerthi sasanka; Dr. Sridevi; Dr. Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 626-639

Autism is a neurological developmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, speech, and limited, repetitive behaviour . The cause of autism is not known . Autism risk factors include gender, males are three to four times more likely than females to get autism, family history, age of parents, and other disorders such as fragile, tuberous syndrome. Most of the autism work is conducted in high income countries. Therefore this study was conducted to check the knowledge of dental students regarding autism. This is a cross sectional survey was conducted among dental students through a self administrated questionnaire through an online survey link (I.e.) google forms . The responses were collected and statistically analysed. Chi square test was used to analyze and compare the education level of students and their knowledge on toothbrushes and it‟s replacement .The data was represented as pie Charts and bar graphs . The survey was conducted among dental students within the age group of 17 to 23 years. This survey was responded by 56.4 percent of females and 42.9 percent of males among them 91.7 percent of the people were aware of autism and only a few people were not aware of it. In this study we conclude that most of the dental students are aware of autism and they have sufficient knowledge about it.