Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Organic farming

Cultivation Of Wheat And Chickpea Intercropping Under Organic System Of Production: A Review

G. Sanhthosh Kumar Raju; Sandeep Menon

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2349-2360

Global population increases drastically but the production of quality food grains has decreased in the same way that may results the poor nutrition content in the food. The reason behind less quality of food grain is the continuous use of chemical fertilizers in field in order to produce higher yield but these inorganic fertilizers increase yield and other side it decreases the soil fertility and cause effect to soil ecofriendly organisms and cause pollution in the soil and environment. Instead of using those inorganic fertilizers replace with using organic amendments like FYM, Poultry manure, Vermicomposting, sheep and goat manure, bone meal, slurry, sewage and sludge along with the bio fertilizers plays key role to enrich nutrient content, increase microbial population, improves water holding capacity in soil and provides the better aeration around plant rhizosphere. Growing of sole crop with organic amendments may reduce yield. Instead of these we fallow intercropping systems like cereals + pulse, cereal + oil crop, cereal + cereal crop may provide the better production and among intercropping systems cereal +pulse crop of wheat and chickpea with recommended ratios of (2:2,3:1,2:1,1:1) has shown the better results in crop production with good quality grain yield ,LER, better growth rate per unit area by better utilization of N2 from legume crop by fixation and makes profit to the farmer by reducing the incidence of disease, pest and weed .

Effect Of Legume Intercropping And Straw Mulching On Growth And Yield Of Wheat Crop

Prabhjot Kaur; Gurbaksh Singh china; Amandeep kaur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2764-2770

The field experiment was conducted to study the “Agronomic modifications for wheat production in organic farming” on sandy loam soil, medium in organic carbon and low in available N and high in available P and K was conducted at Students’ Research Farm, Khalsa College, Amritsar during rabiseason of 2015-16. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with eight treatments, having different combinations of planting methods, legume intercropping and straw mulching i.e. T1 : Flat sown wheat, T2: bed planted wheat, T3: T2+ intercropping gram in centre, T4: T2+ intercropping lentil in centre, T5: Paired rows of wheat and gram on bed, T6: Paired rows of wheat and lentil on bed, T7: T5+ straw mulching and T8: T6+ straw mulching replicated four times. Maximum plant population (91.8 m2) plant height (88.9cm), Leaf area index (3.34), dry matter accumulation (90.2 qha-1),tillers count (273.8 m2), grain yield (35.1 qha-1 ), straw yield (52.1q ha-1) were recorded in bed planting, paired row of wheat and gram + straw mulch (T7) which was followed by bed planting, paired row of wheat and lentil+ straw mulch (T8) were significantly superior over sole wheat (T2,T1) and at par with paired rows of wheat with gram and lentil (T5,T6), wheat intercropped with gram and lentil (T3,T4) without straw mulch.