Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Rajasthan


Comparative Study of Carrying Angle Between Rural and Urban areas of Rajasthani population

Vaibhav Saini, Vimal Modi, Pawan k. mahato

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 568-572

The elbow joint is formed between the humerus in the upper arm and the radius and ulna in the
forearm and allows the hand to be moved towards and away from the body. When the arm is
extended forward, the humerus and forearm are not perfectly aligned a deviation occurs laterally
towards the long axis of the arm, which is referred as the “carrying angle”. The present study
includes 200 (100 rural and 100 urban) healthy peoples of rural and urban areas of Rajasthan
region of age group 18-40 years were selected. Carrying angle was measured by manual
goniometer made of flexible clear plastic having both the fixed and movable arms. From the
study it was found that mean carrying angle was 12.40º±2.23º in males and 12.95º±2.58º in
females of rural areas. The mean Carrying angle was found to be 10.15º±1.66º in males and
10.40º±1.81º in females in urban areas. Mean Carrying angle of male & female were found to be
greater in rural areas than in urban areas and differences were statistically highly significant
(p<0.01). The data obtained in our study may be useful in anthropological research, forensics,
genetic research, as well as in medical clinical practice.

Pattern of Aeroallergen Sensitization in Children with Respiratory Allergy in North Indian Population

Radhey Shyam Sharma, Pratibha Shekhawat, Pooja Yadav, Gautam Lunia

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5755-5760

Background: Allergic diseases affects lives of more than one billion people worldwide(1).
Aeroallergen sensitization can be evaluated using either skin testing or measuring
specific IgE to these aeroallergens. Skin prick testing (SPT) is an easy, cost-effective and
convenient approachto identify sensitization to allergens.
Objective: To determine the pattern of sensitization to various aeroallergens and
prevalence of atopy in children with respiratory allergy.
Method: We performed a hospital based prospective observational study, conducted at
Paediatric OPD, SantokbaDurlabhji Memorial Hospital, Jaipur, India. Total 140
children of age 6years to 18 years diagnosed with Respiratory allergy (Allergic rhinitis
& Asthma) were enrolled. Skin prick test using 18 aeroallergens(indoor & outdoor)
were performed as per standard protocol.
Result: Among the total cases around 77% (n=108) were having positive skin test for
one or more allergens, most common allergens were HDM (35%), cockroach
(32.2%),Mosquito (32.1%), Grain dust (22.1%) and Heloptelia (20%).
Conclusion: SPT is the most convenient, cost-effective, sensitive and standardized
method for detecting allergen sensitivity and should be used in all children with allergic
disorders to demonstrate the atopy. More than 50% of children in our study had
sensitization to one or more aeroallergens suggesting atopy; sensitization was most
commonly seen to HDM antigen.