Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : biodiversity

Species composition of fish and some ecological factors in Haji Ali drainage Al-Hilla/Iraq

Hala R. Mohammed; Moayed J. Al-Amari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 26-39

The present study included species composition of fish and some ecological factors in haji Ali drainage in the Babylon province. Three stations were chosen for the purpose of the study, the station of first is placed at the beginning of the drain(St1), the second in the middle(St2) and the third at the end(St3), monthly samples were selected from June 2019 to May 2020. Water temperature showed slight changes to the stations were recorded between(11.8C°-28.9C°).Salinity ranged between 0.12gm/l -2.55 gm/l. pH values tended in some months of study to the acidic side and in other months to the basic side has recorded from (6.4-9.3). Dissolved oxygen values ranged from (1.71-
8 .86)mg/l.Biological oxygen demand values ranged between (0.04-4.59) mg/l.Throughout the period mentioned above, a total of 5 397 fish were obtained, belonging to 14 species and 7 families, 11 species of them were native species whereas 3 of them were alien species. The most abundant species was Carassius auratus constituted 31.28% of the total caught of the first station, the value of the dominance index (D3) in first station was 78.53%. The most abundant species in second station was C. auratus constituted 31.46% of the total caught, the value of the dominance index (D3) in the second station was 70.03%. The most abundant species in third station was Planiliza abu constituted 28.08% of the total caught, the index of dominance value (D3) in the third station was 75.68%. Richness index (D) was ranged between (0.66-1.92) and diversity index (H) recorded (1.07-2.01),while evenness index (J) ranged (0.55-0.70).


Rakesh Dondapati .; Dr.S.Rabiyathul Basariya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3644-3659

The thought of green showcasing has gone through gigantic change as a business system since its
first appearance in the 1980's. Organization organizations have understood the significance of
green promoting as a methods for increasing upper hand over adversaries in the area. The
business methodology of an association is planned because of changing customer requests, and
green promoting has accomplished a critical lift with the recovery in ecological mindfulness
among buyers. Truth be told, in numerous business firms, green showcasing is a change in
perspective technique and it has adjusted the manner in which an organization meets purchasers.
So as to clarify upper hand, the examination paper talks about the significance of upper hand for
an undertaking and how corporate endeavors rely upon green showcasing. The term green
showcasing and its fundamental highlights are indicated to explain the import of it in the current
setting of the business world. So as to pick up understanding into how various organizations
convey the promoting mix of green showcasing, the proposition paper centers around the
utilization of the green business approach. For a proficient green advertising system, the
fundamental requirements are distinguished and the impediments experienced by an organization
setting out on a green promoting procedure are investigated when assessing such methodologies
practically speaking. The achievement of the green promoting procedure relies unequivocally
upon the commitment, devotion and cooperation between the different partners of an association,
as the investigation paper underlies.

Biological resources - COVID-19. Legal support of biological resources for scientific purposes and biological safety

O. Narzullaev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 714-724

This article provides suggestions and comments on the development of new legislation based on new definitions, improvement of normative legal acts and their analysis related to the use of biological resources for scientific purposes and ensuring biological safety. It also analyzes the most important issues that contribute to the further development of the theory of environmental law in the field of protection and use of biological resources. On issues related to the use and protection of biological resources, analytical information on the establishment and effective functioning of scientific institutions, their legal status, biological threats and biological safety will be provided. It is argued that biological security is an important branch of national security. Natural ecosystems and their use, ie livestock, irrigated agriculture, forestry, fisheries, recreation, tourism and other sectors of the economy is directly related to biodiversity. Given the role of the environment, international regulation of the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their by-products is important. Biosafety alone is a pressing issue in the world. Documentation in this regard allows minimizing potential risks to the environment and human health. Finally, the legal use of biological resources for scientific purposes and the legal provision of biological safety provide a number of environmental legal recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Trends In The Development Of Medical And Environmental Services For Landscape Biodiversity

Bella OlegovnaKhashir; OlegeZachirievichKhuazh .; SaidaOlegovnaApsaliamova .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3812-3823

A significant part of the ecosystem (biome) and natural landscape diversity of the Earth's temperate belt is represented in the Russian Federation. It is preserved due to the relatively low disturbance of the country's territory (up to 65% of the country's area, mainly in the Arctic, Siberia and the Far East, maintain a natural mode of functioning). The share of arable land in biomes reaches 40-50% in the forest-steppe and steppe, and in general, agricultural lands occupy in the biomes of the Russian Federation from 0% (tundra) to 85% (steppes).
The landscape diversity of the Russian Federation itself includes about 20 types of landscapes (arctic, subarctic, boreal (taiga), subboreal humid, semiarid and arid, subtropical, mountainous - alpine, glacial, etc. Swamp, floodplain, aquatic, shallow marine, etc.) and more than 350 types of landscapes. Among them, taiga (boreal) landscapes are leading in terms of area - 52%. Cold arctic and subarctic (plain and mountainous) occupy 21%. Mountain landscapes occupy 30–33%. The most developed, optimal for the development of agriculture, the territory of the forest-steppe and broad-leaved forests occupy 8%. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) links the concept of "biodiversity" and "sustainable development".
It follows from the preamble of the Convention that biodiversity must be conserved not only for its own sake, but also for the use and enhancement of human well-being.
This has given rise to the concept of ecosystem goods and services that biodiversity provides and that can be critical to the needs for foodstuffs, health and healthy environmental needs.
In the National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity of the Russian Federation, the main groups of life-supporting functions of biological diversity have been identified: production functions, environment-forming functions, informational and spiritual-aesthetic functions.