Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : diarrhea

Study of subclinical Vitamin A deficiency in suspected group of children by conjunctival impression cytology at a tertiary care centre in South India

Dr. Vasanth Kumar D. L, Dr.Navya, Dr. Bheemaraya Shivasharana, Dr. Ravindra B Patil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 999-1006

Introduction: Vitamin A is required throughout the lifecycle.Vit A deficiency and
Xerophthalmia occur throughout much of the developing world and are linked to undernourishment
and complicated by illness. In developing countries, it is estimated that 5 lakh
preschool children become blind every year owing to Vitamin A Deficiency and many of
them will die because of increased vulnerability to infections, especially measles, diarrhea
& pneumonia. In southern districts of Karnataka, including Shivamogga, the burden of
malnutrition, respiratory infection, diarrhea, measles and post-measles infections are high
leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Majority of the studies related with Vitamin A
deficiency are mostly concerned with clinical signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency.
However subclinical Vitamin A deficiency is often missed. The present study is aimed to
detect subclinical Vitamin A deficiency in children at risk, so that supplementation of
Vitamin A in early stage may bring down the burden of preventable morbidity and mortality.


Hind Mutar Ibrahim; Shihab Ahmed Khalaf; Luay Farhood Jumaah; Emad Maaroof Thakir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 88-95

Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is common in developing countries. H. pylori infection epidemiology is variable, because the prevalence is high and occurrence of infection in happen in young ages in developing or poor countries compared to that which consider as developed countries. Study aim: was to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among children and to evaluate some epidemiologic characteristics. Methods: prospective cross sectional study was conducted at AL Hijjaj Primary Health Care Center during seven months period from 1 st of April to 31 of October 2018. Totle cases 120 (68 male, 52 female) presented with diarrhoea, their age range from birh to 6 years old. Stool samples were collected from each patient and send for Helicobacter pylori stool Antigen (HpSAg).some relevant factors like sex, source of water, type of feeding, educational level of the mothers and fathers are studied. Results: among 120 total cases,40.8% are positive for H.pylori stool Ag(HpSA), there is weak association between gender and HpSA presence, Very strong association between source of water and HpSA presence, Moderate significant association between type of food and HpSA presence, no significant association between fathers and mothers education and HpSA presence. Conclusion: H.pylori infection present in about 40.8 % of patients presented with diarrhea. Source of water is significantly related to the presence H.pylori infection