Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : deficiency


KNOWLEDGE and AWARENESS of VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AMONG the GENERAL ADULT POPULATION in BAHRAIN: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Hala Mohamed Sanad; Gayathri Priya; Jameela Jassim Mukhaimer; Govindaraj V. Asokan; Safia Belal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 180-191

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a common health problem in many countries, including Bahrain. However, little data exists about the awareness and the level of knowledge of vitamin D among Arab Gulf populations. Method: A cross-sectional study design was employed. A self-administered questionnaire was administered to an adult sample of 335 participants seeking information on their knowledge about vitamin D. Findings: 81.2% of the study participants had unsatisfactory total knowledge score of vitamin D. Level of education and the sources of information about vitamin D were the main significant factors that appear to influence the participants’ vitamin D awareness status. Most the participants recognized that exposure to sunlight encourages the production of vitamin D, however, only a small proportion of participants were aware of the sources of vitamin D in daily food intake and health consequences of vitamin D deficiency. Conclusion: There is inadequate knowledge and awareness regarding vitamin D deficiency among adult Bahrain population. Health campaigns are urgently needed in order to improve the community’s knowledge about the benefits and sources of vitamin D

MINISCREW ASSISTED RAPID PALATAL EXPANDER- AN ALTERNATIVE TO CONVENTIONAL EXPANDERS

Dr. Kalai Selvi A; Dr. Saravanan; Dr. M.S. Kannan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1653-1657

Expansion has been one of the oldest means and also conservative method of gaining space and correcting the intermaxillary and dental arch relationships primarily in transverse direction. As clinicians we all rely on some form of rapid or slow palatal expansion appliances to produce maxillary change. Various appliances and treatment techniques have been developed and used to correct the transverse discrepancies. The most common is rapid maxillary expansion (RME) performed with a tooth-anchored expander. However the predictability of orthopedic expansion is greatly reduced after 15 years of age. Due to this reason, it has been proposed that the MARPE is an effective alternative to maximize the skeletal effects in adults and also to avoid invasive surgical procedures like SARPE .

Grape Shinny For Prevention And Nutritional Support Of Micronutrient Deficiency In Mothers And Children

Saydullo Rasulov; Gulchehra Akhmedova; Khabiba Rustamova; Shokir Turamkulov; Nodira Nurullayeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4908-4916

Development of new methods for early diagnosis, nutritional support using national food products with a high content of pharmacological nutrients (grape shinny) in the prevention of deficiency, macro- and microelements in the "Mother-child" system.To prevent and correct micronutrient deficiency, the content of macro - and microelements in food products rarely used by the local population - grape shinny (molasses), was determined in the laboratory of activation analysis of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan by neutron activation method. The study of the sugar content in the composition of grape shinni was conducted in the laboratory of the Khovrenko winery in Samarkand.In mothers and their infants, the high-risk group for micronutrient imbalance was the highest, The composition of grape shinny revealed a high concentration of calcium, potassium, zinc, iron, copper and in trace concentrations of abiogenic, toxic elements, which confirms the safety for humans.