Keywords : Tyrosine kinase inhibitors
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 20-22
Protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) is considered as one of the main signaling catalysts during
the transduction of cell signal. The role of PTK is to transfer the ATP-γ-phosphate to the
tyrosine moiety in the targeted protein. This, in turn, resulted in many cellular processes,
including; phosphorylation, controlling cell growth, regulation of the cell differentiation,
apoptosis and many other cellular processes. Accordingly, any faulty expression of PTK
however, resulted in faulty cell multiplication. Nowadays, various PTKs are utilized as
targets for the treatment of cancer.
The mechanism by which the tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) act as antitumor can be
simplified as the TKIs prevent the ATP from reaching its binding site by competitory
mechanism. This in turn will inhibit the phosphorylation of tyrosine kinase leading to
suppress the tumor cell proliferation. TKIs have gained a great attention by researchers
leading to discover many successful therapies, nevertheless, there are always
challenges to be tackled.
In this work, the authors summarize the mechanism of TKIs, highlighted the successes
and drawbacks of TKIs for anticancer therapies.