Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Vision

A Study Of Clinical Profile And Visual Outcomes In Patients With Optic Neuritis At A Tertiary Care Centre Of Northern India

Dr. Wahegurupal Singh; Dr. Mohan Lal Pandey; Dr. Kamiya Chugh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 1733-1738

Background: Optic neuritis causes substantial visual impairment and potential long-term visual defects in addition to serving as an important prognostic indicator for future development of demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis. So, an ophthalmologist has a very significant role to aid in prevention of full blown MS. Fortunately, in most cases, optic neuritis recovers either spontaneously or with treatment. Recovery can be partial or absolute, depending largely upon severity and co-existing conditions.
Aim: To study the clinical profile and visual outcomes in patients with optic neuritis.
Material and methods:A prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of ophthalmology, MMIMSR Mullana, Ambala for which approval was obtained from the ethical committee of the institution. Patients of ON were included in the study after obtaining informed consent. Total 60 cases were studied. Analysis was done using SPSS and Pohnpei software.
Results:The mean age of presentation was 39.3667 ± 14.03563. ranging from 16 to 75 years.Out of 60 patients, retrobulbar neuritis was diagnosed in 34 [56.7%] whereas papillitis was diagnosed in 26[43.3%].After ONTT all patients showed improvement in vision. This improvement in vision is statistically significant.
Conclusion:The results revealed that the prevalence of papillitis and RBN were almost equal. Patients with RBN responded quickly to ONTT regimen while papillitis recovered late. VA improvement after ONTT was statistically significant. Colour vision and contrast also improved. Our study showed that ONTT regimen has a benefit in optic neuritis with fast visual recovery.


Kaviyaselvi Gurumurthy, Dr. Adimulapu Hima Sandeep

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7018-7027

Objective: The dental loupes are special devices which aid in magnifying the tooth surface for easy reach and access during dental procedures. Some of the advantages of the use of loupes include enhanced ergonomics of the dentist, development of psychomotor and social skills apart from decrease in the time for each procedure. However loupes also pose certain disadvantages such as smaller and darker field of view.
Materials and Methods: A self assessable survey consisting of 18 questions were prepared and circulated among 100 dental students and the results were analyzed to determine the use and effects of dental loupes.
Results and discussion: On analyzing the results, the majority of the participants felt that the fine details in the oral cavity were enhanced when loupes were used. More awareness on the use of dental loupes, its mechanism and its effect on the different dental practitioners are essential.