Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Thi-Qar Province


Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C in Thi-Qar Province - Iraq from 2015-2019

Rana A. Othman; Yahya A. Abbas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 43-48

Background: Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus are two of the most commonly
transmitted infectious agents by Blood transmitting so it is still remains a considerable
global health problem, this prospective cross-sectional study was conducted
between 2015 and 2019 at the directorate of main Blood Bank, dialysis center,
thalassemia center and public health laboratory in Thi-Qar Province -Iraq, during that
period a total of 1323 patients, 948 (71.7%) males and 375 (28.3%) females, they
suffering from signs and symptoms of liver diseases.
The aim of study: There were no adequate epidemiological studies on the prevalence
of viral hepatitis, especially in last years and there were no national solutions to limit
it’s, we conduct this study to determine the prevalence of both types at Thi-qar
province.
Sampling and methods: This study was conducted in January 2015 to December 2019,
on main blood bank, patients referred to the thalassemic center, renal dialysis unit and
public health laboratory at Thi-Qar province, the study was conducted on 176848
individuals, from those (1323) cases, (515) blood donors, (45) thalassemic patients, (91)
renal failure patients and public health laboratory (672), the following data were
recorded: Age, sex, date, resident, type of infection, data were collected by from
statistical units. Data were analyzed using SPSS for windows (version 23.0, SPSS lnc,
Chicago, III), for comparison between groups as appropriate; P ≤ 0.01 was considered
statistically significant.
The results: The results of infection were found 1323(0.7%), its distributed as :672
(50.8%) were public health laboratory patients, 515 (38.9%) blood donors, 91 (6.9%)
renal dialysis patients and 45(3.4%) thalassemic patients, the results was showed
higher infection in males more than females, with high prevalence in age groups (31-
40) and (41-50) years, with significant difference (P<0.01) .
Conclusions: despite the findings revealed that Thi-Qar is acceptable percentage rate
of prevalence of infection, but may be increased the infection by Immigration from
endemic areas, especially for business , transfusion of blood, a major roots of
infections by renal dialysis, thalassemic patients were a risk groups because
administration of blood.

Common Skin Disorders Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitusin in Thi-Qar Province, Iraq

Ass. Prof. Ahmed Abdulhussein Kawen; Dheyaa Kadhim Al-Waeli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 31-37

The current study was designed to determine the prevalence of skin disorders
associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus which conducted from beginning of February
2019 to the end of march 2020. This study was carried out on 122 type 2 diabetic
patients who visited the outpatients clinics of dermatology and venerology in Al-Hussein
Teaching hospital in AL-Nasiriyah city, Thi-Qar province, Iraq. From 122 diabetic
patients, 60(49.18%) males and 62(50.81%) females. Mean age was 58.63±9.42. The
duration of diabetes mellitus with mean 6.73±3.3. The mean levels of RBS was found
(257.43±75.77) mg/dL, FBS (147.79±26.62) mg/dL, HbAlc (8.76±1.61%). The present
study demonstrate that the most considerably skin disorders was, bacterial infection 34
(27.86%), fungal infection 20 (16.39%), acanthosis nigricans 11(9.1%) whereas other
skin disorders was less frequently in this study such as granuloma annulare, rubeosis,
vitiligo, xerosis and yellow skin. The bacterial infection in males was recorded 24(40%)
higher percentage among skin disorders while fungal infection in females 13 (20.96%)
was more than other skin disorders. A significant differences between males and
females in some skin disorders were observed in this study (P≤0.05). A significant
differences were observed between pattern of skin disorders and values of RBS, FBS
and HbAlc in diabetic patients (P≤0.05). According to type of treatment, a significant
differences were recorded between type of skin disorders and combination therapy and
oral hypoglycemic in diabetic patients (P≤0.05) while did not show significant difference
in insulin therapy.