Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : IL-4


SEROPREVALENCE of TOXOPLASMAIGA and its RELATION to SERUM IL-4 LEVEL AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN

Zainab Sulaiman Erzaiq

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 375-382

Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It is one of
the most common parasitic infections in humans and is most typically asymptomatic.
However infection in a pregnant woman can cause severe and disabling disease in the
developing fetus. The presented study aimed to determination the correlation of Toxo-
IgA seroprevalence among pregnant women to various Toxoplasma antigens with the
serum IL-4 level. From the June 2017 to January 2018 ,300 pregnant women enrolled
in this study attended to Salahalden General Hospitals . The pregnant women were
examined for Toxo-IgA and determine their specificity for various Toxoplasma antigens
by using line immune assay and the serum IL-4 evaluated by using ELISA technique .
The rates of Toxo-IgA seropositive were 22 [7.33 %]. Considering the reactivity of
determined Toxo-IgA against various Toxoplasma antigens; the rates were 12[54.54%],
13[59.09%], 11[50.00%] ,14[63.63%] ,17[77.27%], 13[59.09%] ,11[50.00%] and 18
[81.81%] seropositive for Toxoplasma ROP1C, MIC3, GRA7, GRA8, p30 ,
MAG1,GRA1 and rSAG1 antigens respectively. Regarding to the total serum IL-4
level ,the highest rate of decreased serum IL-4 level among Toxo-IgA seropositive was
59.09%.In the presented study we concluded the highest rates of decreased serum IL-4
levels was 54.55% seen within Toxo-IgA seropositive for GRA7 and GRA1 antigens ,
and the rates of increased serum IL-4 level ranged from 5.88% to 9.09% within all
seropositive groups to various Toxoplasma antigens.

Association of IL-4 and IL-6 Gene Polymorphism with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Nktel Faaz AL-Saad; Mohammed A.K Alsaadi; Ali Hmood Al-saadi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 75-81

The case-control study was aimed to evaluate the effect of IL-4 and IL-6 gene
polymorphism on susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis in patients in Babylon province
and also measure the serum level of these cytokine in in sera of studied group. The
genotype association of rs2243250 (C/C, C/T, T/T) were significant (P<0.05) with (46.7,
38.3, 15)% respectively for PTB cases and (36.7, 26.6, 36.7)% respectively for control
group. Allele's frequency for patients and control for IL-4 (rs2243250) were also
significant (P<0.05) and the C allele represent the risk allele for PTB patients with odd
ratio (95% CI) of 1.93(1.15-3.24), while the T allele represent protective allele for control
group 0.52 (0.31-0.87). The genotype association of rs1800796 (C/C, G/C, G/G) were
significant (P<0.05) with (43.3, 38.3, 18.4)% respectively for PTB cases and (50, 15, 35)%
respectively for control group, whereas, the allele's frequency for patients and control of
IL-6 (rs1800796) were insignificant with (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in
mean level of both IL-4 and IL-6 serum concentration between pTB patients and controls
(P<0.01). Also, there were an insignificant effect of IL-4 (rs2243250) and IL-6 (rs1800796)
gene polymorphism on the difference in serum level of both IL-4 and IL-6 respectively in
studied groups (P>0.05).