Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : uterus


EVALUATION OF ROLE OF TRANSABDOMINAL ULTRASOUND IN UTERINE AND ADNEXAL FACTORS IN INFERTILITY

Dr Poonam Ohri, Dr Niveditha Basappa, Dr Kulwinder Kaur, Dr Manasi Kohli, Parushi Kohli, Dr Prabnoor Kaur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 282-291

Background: The desire to procreate is universal phenomenon. Childlessness is considered
as a curse in many societies and is one of the causes of marital breakups. WHO has defined
infertility as ‘Failure to conceive over 12 months of uninterrupted sexual practice. USG has
become a well-established technique for imaging ovarian and uterine pathologies. Methods:
This is a hospital based cross sectional, observation study,included total of 51 cases. The
patients with chief complaints of infertility presenting to gynaecology OPDs were referred to
the department of Radiodiagnosis,Guru Nanak Dev Hospital, Amritsar and all patients were
subjected to transabdominal ultrasonography using 3.5 MHz sector transducer. Results: Out
of 51 cases studied, 35 were of primary infertility and 16 were of secondary infertility.
Duration of infertility varied from 1.75- 17 years in patients with primary infertility and 2-10
years in patients with secondary infertility,maximum cases between 2-4 years.. Nonspecific
enlargement of uterus on one case, 3 with fibroid, 3 with endometrial calcification, one with
infantile uterus and one bicornuate uterus. Ovaries were normal in 37 cases, abnormal in 9
cases, not visualized in 3 cases on left and 1 on right side. Left ovary enlarged in one case.
Ovarian cyst in 3 cases, T.O masses in 5 cases and PCOD in one case. Fluid in POD in 4
cases.Conclusion: It is concluded that ultrasound is very helpful in assessment of uterus and
adnexal pathologies. USG is non-invasive, cheap, acceptable, easily available modality. It can
diagnose structural abnormality and helps in making diagnosis of etiologic factor in patients
of infertility and also in management and follow up of patients of infertility.

New Aspects in the Study of Clinical and Morphological Features of Uterine Blood Flow in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in the Mother

Tatyana V. Pavlova; Anton N. Kaplin; Lyudmila O. Zemlianskaia; NataliaB. Pilkevich; LyubovA. Pavlova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 105-109

The aim of the study was to develop new approaches to the study of modern aspects of
the clinical and morphological features of uterine blood flow in type I diabetes mellitus
(DM) in the mother. Under our supervision, there were 40 pregnant women with type I
DM. Clinical examination methods generally accepted in obstetric practice were used to
assess the condition of the fetus, placenta, and blood flow in the fetal vessels and uterine
arteries. Light microscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and scanning electron
microscopy (SEM) of 2 uterine fragments obtained during cesarean section were
performed. Samples were examined using a FE1 Quanta 200 3D scanning microscope,
analyzed, and morphometric and imaging were performed. Processing AFM images was
formulated using the NOVA software (NT-MDT, Russian Federation). Results obtained
allow us to judge the adverse effect of diabetes on the mother's body during pregnancy
and childbirth. Among the complications of pregnancy, it should be noted: the state of
preeclampsia (8%), fetoplacental insufficiency (88%), the threat of abortion (52%),
polyhydramnios (25%).Morphologically, we revealed plethora of the endometrium. A
change in the shape of the myometrium with the presence of fragmentary destructive
changes in the myometrium, including focal necrosis and damage to the vascular system
of the pregnant uterus. The paper substantiates the possibility of using scanning electron
and atomic force microscopy as express methods for morphofunctional diagnosis of a
woman's condition in pregnancy pathology

The Relevance Of Endoscopic Examination And Morphological Features Of Stomach Cancer With Concomitant Uterine Endometriosis

Khatamova M.T.; Bobokulova S.B.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3353-3356

Introduction: According to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in terms of frequency of occurrence, stomach cancer is in second place after breast cancer. Result: Unfortunately, in more than 50% of cases, the primary detection of endometriosis of the uterus in these patients occurs in advanced stages, when their treatment is rather difficult and in most cases is palliative in nature, aimed at some increase in life expectancy and improvement of its quality.