Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Prostate

Innovative Methods of Elementosis Study in Oncourological Practice

Tatyana V. Pavlova; Vladimir F. Kulikovsky; Natalia B. Pilkevich; Lyubov A. Pavlova; Dmitry V. Bessmertnyy; Ivan A. Pavlov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 115-121

The purpose of this work is to study the content of macronutrients in the tissues with
oncourological pathology. Methods: Clinical examination material of 279 people was
used in the work, 229 of them were men (82%) and 50 were women (18%). Elemental
analysis of oxygen, carbon, calcium, nitrogen and sulfur was carried out using a
detector to record the spectra of characteristic X-ray radiation (EPAX company), which
were integrated with "Quanta 600 FEG" scanning electron microscope. Results: with
prostate cancer, the oxygen content decreased, so during stage 1, the oxygen content
decreased by 36.8% among middle-aged patients, and by 38.6% among elderly
patients, stage 2 - by 32.4% and 28.9%, stage 3 - by 34.1% and 34.2%, and stage 4 -
by 30.9% and 35.1%. The nitrogen content changed insignificantly, carbon and sulfur
decreased. The calcium index among middle-aged patients with stage 1 prostate
cancer increases by 10.6, and by 10.8 times among the elderly, while it is absent
among the patients with stage 2, 3 and 4. The nitrogen content among the patients
with renal pathology did not change significantly, but there was a tendency of carbon,
calcium, and sulfur increase and oxygen decrease. When they studied the level of
macronutrients in bladder cancer, there was a tendency to nitrogen and carbon level
increase, and in the groups of stage 1 and 2 patients, the content of calcium and sulfur
increased by 12.5 and 3.8 times, respectively, and oxygen was also reduced.
Conclusions: we found that all groups demonstrated oxygen content decrease, most
pronounced among stage 2 patients with bladder cancer - 49.5%, which leads to tissue
hypoxia in the studied organs. The nitrogen and carbon content varied slightly. The
content of calcium and sulfur increases among the patients of all studied groups.

Effects Of Obesity On The Serum Levels Of Free And Total Prostate-Specific Antigen In A Sample Of Iraqi Men.

Dr Ziad Hammad Abd; Dr Ruya Abdulhadi M. Saeed; Omar Farhan Ammar (alrawi)

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 142-148

Objectives: the study aims to assess the relationship between obesity and prostatic markers (total prostatic specific antigen (tPSA), and free prostatic specific antigen (fPSA)). Methods: this study was conducted on 127 men aged ≥40 years at The Department of Urology at Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital. Exclusion criteria were a history of previously diagnosed or treated prostate cancer, the use of prostacare or any drugs that affect the levels of PSA in the serum. Results: the age range of the participants of the study was between 40–80 year. The number of men with normal BMI was 26 (20.47%), 47 men were overweight (37%), 33 men were obese (25.98%), and finally, 21 men were severely obese (16.53%). The mean of parameters total and free prostate-specific antigen (tPSA, fPSA), in the study, were (mean ± SD) (1.683±0.563) ng/ml, (0.537±0.189) ng/ml, respectively. Conclusions: there are no significant relationships between BMI, tPSA, and fPSA, at P≤0.05 in a sample of Iraqi men.