Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Indonesia


Indonesian Community Behavior during the Covid-19 Pandemic

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 45-56

The coronavirus disease is already at an alarming level because it spreads to 34 provinces in Indonesia, and the mortality rate has reached 7-8%, which is far above the global average. Nevertheless, the government has worked hard to reduce the spread through various policies, including the closure of schools and offices, encouraging people to stay at home, and implementing the Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB). The policy has an impact on people's behavior. Therefore, an online survey was conducted to describe it. This survey was carried out from 5-10 May 2020, with 556 respondents of at least 17 years old, and it extended to various regions in almost all the provinces. Because it was online, the survey had limitations that could not represent the entire population. During the pandemic, various behaviors emerged in the community. Some people behaved as usual, while others acted like experts. Fifteen behaviors were studied, including COVID-19 knowledge, activities during the pandemic, anxiety levels, people's perception, and habit changes during the pandemic.

The Legal Politics of Environmental Conservation as an Effort to Maintain Natural Health

Havis Aravik; Nur Rohim Yunus; Abbas Sofwan Matlail Fajar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 424-432

The environment is an important component of human life and is one main study in in Islamic economic politics and legal politics in Indonesia. This study discusses the concept of environmental conservation in the perspective of Islamic economic politics and legal politics in Indonesia. This study is a qualitative research using the library research method. The results of this study have proven that environmental conservation is essential for humans to create benefits for people and avoid harm due to environmental damage. In Islamic economic politics, the rules on environmental conservation are found in the fiqh of environment, which is a standard reference for all Muslims. In Indonesia, such rules are regulated in the Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning the environment.

Developing Regional Autonomy: Lesson Learned from Norway

Mardiah Astuti; Mahyudin Ritonga; Rita Irviani; Hamid Mukhlis; Rahul Chauhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1392-1406

A decentralized government system is the opposite of a centralized government system.
In a centralized system, the authority to make decisions about various public affairs lies in the
hands of the central government. Officials in the provinces and districts are only the panic of the
central government. In contrast, in a decentralized system, part of the authority to manage public
affairs is devolved to provinces and districts. One of the implications of implementing autonomy
is the development of the uniqueness of each community so that diversity appears within a
country. Therefore, the experience of developing regional autonomy in several countries is also
different. Indonesia which has been, is currently and continues to do trial and error in
developing regional autonomy will certainly be more mature if it not only learns from its own
experience, but also learns from the experiences of other countries in trying to answer its native
problems with the concept of autonomy. Studying the experiences of other countries is intended
to reflect in order to find positive and negative values that are used as references, and if possible

Analysis of Risk Factors for Tuberculosis in the Lake Coastal Area, Towuti District, East Luwu Regency, Indonesia

Nasra .; Arsunan, A. A .; Yahya Thamrin; Wahiduddin .; Ida Leida Maria; Nurhaedar Jafar; Rezki Elisafitri; Ahmad Yani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 67-73

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is still a global problem. The high incidence of TB is due to the less than optimal TB risk factor interventions. This study aims to analyze the risk factors for TB incidence in the coastal area of the lake, Towuti District, East Luwu Regency.
Methods: This study used a case-control design conducted in the coastal area of the lake, Towuti District, with a sample of 34 cases and 94 controls. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for the incidence of tuberculosis.
Results: The results showed that the significant risk factors for TB incidence were family history (OR = 13,920; 95% CI: 4,36–51,23), household contacts (OR = 3.04; 95% CI: 1.188–7,809), close contact (OR = 8.382; 95% CI: 2.969–24, 852), home ventilation (OR = 14.357; 95% CI: 1.585–669.82), income (OR = 2.609; 95% CI: 1.033–6.675) . Home ventilation is the most dominant risk factor for TB incidence in the coastal area of the lake in Towuti District.
Conclusion: TB disease control strategies based on risk factors need to be implemented in coastal areas.