Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : physical activity


“Relationship between Physical Activity and Mental Health among Chronic Psychiatric Patients“

Mrs Liji Jiju Chacko

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 9133-9143

The present study was aimed to study relationship between physical activity and
General mental health among chronic psychiatric patients. A sample of 200 chronic
psychiatric patients (100 male patients and 100 female patients) was selected by non
probability purposive sampling technique method. The sample taken were chronic
psychiatric patients who attended psychiatric OPD and day care centre from, selected
hospitals Pune. The patients who were diagnosed as mentally ill for more than 2 years
were selected for the study. Their age was between 20 to 60 years. They responded to
two tools International Physical Activity Questionnaire Scale by Craig, Marshall,
Sjostrom, Bauman, Booth, Ainsworth & Oja et.al. (2003) and General
Health Questionnaire by Goldberg & Williams (1970). The statistical tool
Pearson’s product moment correlation method was used to find the correlation
between physical activity and general mental health among chronic psychiatric
patients. Another statistics independent‘t’-test was used to study the gender difference
in physical activity and general mental health among chronic psychiatric patients. The
results showed that there is negative correlation (‘r’=-0.606) found between physical
activity and general mental health among chronic psychiatric male and female patients
at 0.01 level of significance. There is gender difference (‘t’=1.99) found in physical
activity among chronic psychiatric patients. There is gender difference (‘t’=3.27) found
in general mental health among chronic psychiatric patients. Although the differences
is minimal. There is a moderate level of physical activities found in females and the
general mental health of females is found higher than the males and also the negative
correlation explains that the amount of physical activity is not related to the mental
health of the psychiatric patients, as the chronic psychiatric patients physical activities
are more of household, work related and transportation based and not recreational
physical activity. Hence health personnel’s have to plan the home based care with
recreational activities to improve mental health of the patients at home.

Effectiveness of Smartphone Apps and Team Supports by Social Media Approaches to Promote Physical Activity Levels among Indonesian Nursing Students: Feasibility Study

Suardi Suardi, Ernawati Ernawati, Ferdy Lainsamputy, Sumarmi Sumarmi, Fransiskus Xaverius Widiantoro

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 4484-4494

Background
Little known effectiveness of smartphone app exercise user in Indonesian nursing-students. It is necessary to explore the influence of interactive technologies on self-rated health or overall well-being. This study was evaluated an interactive smartphone-health app for nursing-students and the impact of a program building with psychosocial base on the increase of exercise efficacy to promote levels of physical activity (PA).
Methods
A pretest-posttest non-equivalent control design applied in 70 Indonesian nursing-students. A randomized assignment with a time-cluster technique used to avoid information contamination between groups. The web-based group received a social cognitive theory- based behavioral skill-building intervention by a web-based game with team competition for 10-week of a program. Outcome included level of PA, health outcomes, and self- efficacy. Multivariate ANCOVA and Chi-square test were adopted to test pre- and post- outcome effects.

Comparing Sitting Time Between Male And Female Undergraduate Students During Weekdays And Weekends

Yohana Unyang Juren; Kim Geok Soh; Kim Lam Soh; Swee Leong Ong; Siswantoyo, M. K; Jaka S unardi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 79-87

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total daily sitting time for male and female undergraduate students and to compare their daily sitting time between weekdays and weekends. A sample of 375 participants responded to the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaires (SBQ) survey. T-test was used to analyse the differences in sitting time between genders, while multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed to investigate the gender differences in the sitting time between weekdays and weekends. The results showed that female undergraduate have a longer daily sitting time (M=9.64 hours/day, SD=30.302) as compared to the male undergraduate (M=9.46 hours/day, SD=31.296). However, there was no significant difference reported between sitting time for both genders (t=1.379, p= 0.169, p>0.05). Higher total sitting time on weekdays and weekends were also reported by female undergraduate students as compared the male undergraduate students. Similarly, no significant findings were also reported between genders during weekdays and weekends. The reported F-value was F(2,375)=1.7, P=0.05: Wikls’ Lambda=.99; partial eta squared=0.007. Prolong durations of daily sitting time (more then 6 hours daily) is associated with higher rate of chronic diseases and premature death especially among working adults. Hence, undergraduates who are future workforce replacements need to be encouraged to be active and not sit too long during their study years. Good habits such as completing their tasks while standing and to break the prolonged sitting patterns with slight movements should be inculated in their daily routines. This can help them to reduce the risk of being sedentary by sitting too much and too long in a day.

Effects Of Physical Activity On Patients With Chronic Nephropathy

Botir T. Daminov; Durdona S. Saipova; Dano A. Egamberdieva; Iroda A. Ruzmetova; Narina R. Raimkulova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 3454-3466

The research describes the concept of healthiness of the physical activity for patients with chronic kidney disease, moreover because the effect of 12-week physical training on physical activity in patients with chronic disease of stage 3-4 who are on a low-protein diet.
At the identical time, patients with variety of chronic diseases aside from CKD also suffer from poor physical performance and muscle atrophy, but more evidence has been accumulated of the positive effect of exercise in such patients [3].
Increased physical activity is related to improved ability to perform everyday activities, professional tasks. Therefore, regular exercise is usually recommended for such patients within the DOPPS study, patients who performed regular physical activity had the next quality of life related to health, good fitness and sleep quality indicators, with fewer patients with limited physical activity and lack of appetite [4].

Need of Comprehensive Physiotherapy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Narrative Review

Archana Choudhary; Dr. Amandeep Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4754-4761

Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic progressive and debilitating disease of adults which attacks myelin sheath in brain and spinal cord, leading to problems with coordination, balance, spasticity, muscle control, disability, gait disturbances and other basic bodily functions. The course of disease is highly unpredictable which greatly vary among MS patients. In majority MS attacks young adults which significantly affect the quality of life at an early stage of life. As far there is no known cure has been established for MS and patients are profoundly depends on DMDs to improve their physical as well as mental symptoms although the treatments are very expensive. Patients with MS usually do not involve in physical activity due to afraid of worsening of pre-existing symptoms or might get a relapse. Physicians now believe that exercises can play a crucial role in preventing deconditioning and to improve physical and mental symptoms as well as may have possible neuroprotective role in MS. This article reviews the effects of Physical therapy interventions on pathophysiology and on specific impairments in MS patients, and emphasizes a productive role of physical rehabilitation in PwMs.
Methods
A comprehensive literature search was done by formulating the research questions such as effects/role /benefits of exercises in MS (PubMed, SweMed, NCBI, Cochrane, Elsevier, Wiley online Library, Hindawi)

AWARENESS ABOUT EFFECT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CONTROLLING SYSTEMIC DISEASE AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS: A SURVEY

Sneha Kannan; Venkatesh K; Ganesh Lakshmanan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 591-599

The aim of this study is to get awareness about the benefits of physical activity and its effect on dental students. Recently, it has been recognized that lack of physical activity , especially regular stretching of arms and legs, may affect the course and pathogenesis of a number of systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes mellitus and low birth weight. The purpose of this study is to get awareness about the importance of physical activities and their benefits during the busy schedule of dental students. Dentistry is a field of challenges, especially the health of a budding dentist must be on top priority . A well maintained body is equal to a peaceful mind and it can be attained only through exercise. A cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted. A total of 104 people of Saveetha Dental College were made to answer all the questions. The result will be analyzed using statistical analysis.
In this study, it was found that 90% are aware of the effect of physical activity to control systemic disease and only 14% are not aware of the statement. It has been proven that physically active individuals gain less weight over time and maintain good health. Thus infrastructure improvements such as sports activity in colleges among faculties, combined with regular exercise provide additional physical activity that would help to reduce obesity and non-communicable diseases in the future.