Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Vietnam


SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF IN RURAL MOUNTAINOUS AREAS, VIETNAM

Hao Ngo Xuan; Tran Huu Ai

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3048-3060

Responsible tourism and nature conservation are gradually becoming a new potential development trend in rural areas with unique natural and cultural resources. In the mountainous region of Vietnam, with its majestic mountainous landscape and cultural heritages imbued with the identities of 54 ethnic groups, it has a remarkable effect in creating jobs, increasing people's income, contributing to protection. environment; conservation of local natural, cultural and historical heritages. Visitor perceptions were analyzed through a questionnaire survey conducted in 2020. The sampling method used in the survey was a random selection. We need an industry that provides a way to mitigate ecological impacts, benefit local communities and reduce poverty - a industry that is reflected in its organization and practice in economic, environmental, and cultural sectors the role of responsible tourism. Therefore, education is especially important through knowledge sharing and awareness building on in rural mountainous areas.

The Genetic Relationship of Piper nigrum L. of Central Highlands and South Vietnam Assessed by rbcL gene

Thuy T K Dang, Trang T H Nguyen, Duoc T Nguyen, Tuan T Tran, Giap D Do, Long T Le

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3169-3179

The genetic relationships of Vietnamese black pepper varieties in the Central Highlands and Southern were evaluated by comparing the rbcL gene sequences of the collected black pepper varieties and the reference sequences on the base source NCBI data. Analysis results of nucleotide gene sequence variable rbcL of black pepper varieties showed Vietnamese varieties have much variable in nucleotide sequence compared to Asian varieties. The important characteristic variable areas of the Vietnam II black pepper group occurred at position 59292 (except for varieties SDL, VLDN5 and VLDN6), positions 59282 and 59295, variable appeared in 5 varieties (VLPQ1, VLVT1, VLGL3, VLDN4 and VLDN5), accounting for 41.67% of total samples collected. Genetic distances of black pepper varieties collected in the Central Highlands and the Southern, Vietnam (Vietnam II) (0.024 ± 0.005) with the Asian group were higher than those of black pepper group researched (Vietnam I) (0.001 ± 0.001). The phylogenetic tree demonstrated the difference between the two groups of Vietnamese black pepper. Among the varieties in the Vietnam II group, only the VLDN6 pepper variety has a close relationship with the Asian group. Analyzing the variable positions, the group Vietnam II was divided into 3 groups: Group I: VLPQ3; Group II: VLGL3, VLDN4 and VLDN5; Group III: SDL, VLVT1, VLVT2, VLDS1, VLGL1, VLPQ1 and VLPQ2. Thus, black pepper in the Central Highlands and Southern regions of Vietnam will be potential region for genetic diversity research in Asian pepper populations.

The Impact Of Agrotourism On The Local Community (A Case Study Of Sơn Islet, Cần Thơ City, Vietnam)

Ngo Thi Phuong Lan; Nguyen Thi Van Hanh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 88-100

Community-based tourism is not only a tourism industry that aims to bring maximum profits to investors. Instead, it pays more attention to the impact of tourism on communities and environmental resources. Agrotourism has become an inevitable trend worldwide and is regarded as a potential gold mine for the development of tourism in southern Vietnam. Sơn Islet has initially been the residence of a few gardening and cage fish farming families. Until recently, the residents of the small island began to develop one of the earliest and most popular community-based agrotourism models in Cần Thơ City. As an emerging type of tourism that has recently grown in Vietnam, agrotourism has not yet considered much by researchers, and there are few studies on agrotourism, or only economic impact has been mentioned. This article aims to learn more about the overall effect of agrotourism on local communities in order to have some recommendations on making community-based agrotourism more effective. Qualitative research with observations and 22 in-depth interviews have been conducted to collect research data. This article discusses both the positive and negative effects of agrotourism on local communities. The elements of success have also been observed, and some suggestions have been made to develop agrotourism, maintain the success of this community model based on agrotourism on Sơn Islet, and achieve breakthrough growth in the near future.

The Development Of Circular Economy In Some Countries And Valuable References For Vietnam

Nguyen Quoc Dung; Nguyen Hoang Phuong; Dang Quang Dinh; Nguyen Trong Binh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 5739-5745

Global economic growth has made great achievements, but with it the shortage of natural resources and increasing environmental pollution. To overcome these problems, countries in the world, including Vietnam, are moving towards a circular economic development in order to solve the challenge between economic growth and environmental protection. The circular economy is an economic model in which all activities from design, production to service delivery move towards reusing matter and eliminating negative environmental impacts. Vietnam is one of the countries with many efforts and achievements in the process of sustainable development. However, Vietnam is also facing an increasing amount of generated waste while the source of raw materials, fossil fuels is increasingly exhausted. In addition, most Vietnamese enterprises have outdated and outdated technology, small production scale and lack of resources to invest in recycling technology. Therefore, the selection of a circular economy is an indispensable requirement to overcome the limitations of the traditional growth model, associated with rapid, sustainable development, energy saving and environmental protection. However, the circular economy also requires strict conditions in terms of institutions and resources. Therefore, the study of the experiences of the previous countries, points out the difficulties and advantages, thereby shines into Vietnam, determines the conditions for the transition to a circular economy.