Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Floutings and Violations


Laxmi Kirana Pallathadka; Harikumar Pallathadka

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 4141-4152

Cooperative Principle (CP) put forth by H. P. Grice (1975) imposes certain restrictions on
speakers of any communication with its maxims, i.e., Maxim of Manner, Maxim of Relevance,
Maxim of Quantity, and Maxim of Quality. The idea of this study is to examine the degree to
which the conversational maxims are either violated or disregarded by the main characters in
“Profit and Loss”(1891). Also, it aims to discover if there are any instances in which the
addressees opt out of the discussion. A descriptive qualitative method was adopted to gather,
analyze and interpret data. The results of this research show that in 18 instances (the highest),
the characters violated /flouted the maxim of quality, and in 7 occasions (the least), they
debased the maxim of relevance. As per the study results, it can be resolved that although
cooperative principle defines the paramount practices to be followed in Communication to
facilitate the smooth flow of conversation, speakers often are non-adherent to these maxims:
they defy, violate, or opt-out to achieve their purposes. This study on flouting of conversational
maxims in Profit and Loss also identifies Rabindranath Tagore as the trailblazer of Bengali
Renaissance by his portrayal of the new woman who was not terrified to question the social
norms in her struggles for freedom and equality and who remained loyal to the prototype
image of the customary Indian womankind.