Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : attitude

The influence of the HIV/AIDS program on the knowledge and attitudes of the labourer in the building construction project of the Faculty of Engineering, University of Hasanuddin, Indonesia

Andi Alim; Dedi Maulana; Arlin Adam; Moh. Husni Thamrin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 999-1010

This study attempts to analyze the differences of knowledge and attitudes of construction labours of Engineering Faculty Unhas, Gowa with methods of communicating information and education as well as the screening. In response to the prevention of HIV/AIDS at work. This study using the method was an experiment quasi pre and post-test design with the application of two group pre and post. With different treatment given a few and observed every treatment. This study found that there is the influence of intervention with the IEC media methods before and after interventions affecting knowledge and attitude labourers of HIV/AIDS, and some the influence of intervention with the method the screening before and after interventions affecting knowledge and attitudes labourers about HIV/AIDS. Based on our research findings, there need to be continuous interventions to increase knowledge, much efforts to prevent sexually transmitted infection and HIV/AIDS and check periodically of HIV/AIDS.

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices about Biomedical Waste Management among Nursing Professionals in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Bhubaneswar,Odisha.

Kulumina Dash; Minati Das; N.K. Satapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1127-1142

Biomedical waste (BMW) management is an issue of major concern of all healthcare providers and healthcare establishments as the waste produced during the course of healthcare activities carries potential for infection and injury than any other type of waste. Biomedical waste management has recently emerged as an issue of present concern not only to hospitals, nursing home authorities but also to the environment. The bio-medical wastes generated from health care units depend upon a number of factors such as waste management methods, type of health care units, occupancy of healthcare units, specialization of healthcare units, ratio of reusable items in use, availability of infrastructure and resources etc. The proper management of biomedical waste has become a worldwide humanitarian topic today. Many studies across the country have shown that there are still deficiencies in the Knowledge, attitude and practices of the health care professionals in the organizations. Hence, A cross sectional study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding biomedical waste management among nursing professionals in a tertiary care hospital Bhubaneswar, Odisha. With due consideration to nursing personnel’s availability, accessibility, feasibility, and resources, we decided to include (n=100) of them in our study. The number of nursing personnel was selected by simple random sampling in their respective department/specialty. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, practices and attitude of the nursing personnel regarding biomedical waste management. Overall, the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards biomedical waste management among the nursing professionals were satisfactory. Complete hepatitis B vaccine coverage among nurses (100%) in our study is attributed to hospital policy of free immunization to high risk groups. Such policy decisions do have a positive impact on work efficiency of nurses by creating a sense of being protected.

Attitude towards Teaching Profession of Graduate Levels Students in the State of West Bengal, India

Ranajit Dhara; Arup Barik; Dr. Amarnath Das; Dr. Nandini Banerjee

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 83-98

In the present study, the investigators have tried to study what kind of Attitude of Graduate Students towards Teaching Profession and to find out the Graduate Level Students concerning their level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession on the basics of Category. The investigators have applied the Descriptive Survey type method for the present study. The investigators used self-made questionnaires on Attitude towards Teaching Profession. The overall results of the study explored that the level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession is being Moderate in West Bengal, India and Female Students was comparatively more favorable attitude than the Male Graduate Students towards Teaching Profession as well as Urban Graduate Students is comparatively more positive attitude towards Teaching Profession. It is indicated that there is a no significant difference among the Graduate Level Students with respect to their level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession on the basis of Category, Streams.

Attitudes and Behavior Practices Against Covid-19 During the Rapid Rise Period Among University Students In Indonesia

Fransiskus Xaverius Widiantoro; Yosi Maria Wijaya; Florentina Dian Maharina; Chi-Jane Wang

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2393-2404

Despite strict measures taken, the attitudes and behavior practices of university students against infectious viruses remains the most important factor in limiting the widespread of COVID-19 diseases. This study examined attitude and behaviors practice against COVID 19 among university students during the rapid rise period. A university-based cross-sectional study was conducted among university students by the authors’ networks with university or students union in Indonesia. After consenting, participants completed an online survey to assess socio-demographic, health’s habit, family-history of chronic diseases, attitude, and behavior practice against COVID-19. Multivariable analysis was done using linear regression after checking collinearity, and a p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Totally 543 participants, most of them (78.3%) were female and bachelor students (73.3%). Majority participants showed positive attitude (97.2%) and behavior practice (82,0%) with mean score 2.05 and 2.91, respectively. Education level and smoking habits were significantly different with attitude. The behavior practices were significantly different with age, religion, and exercise. Multiple linear regression showed that younger people were more likely to believe in successful control, and confidence against COVID-19. Being younger, diploma level, and inactive were among the significantly associated factors of poor behavior practices against COVID-19. Our results found that university students had positive attitudes and better behavior practice against COVID-19. Therefore, their attitude and behavior practice must be improved to be prepared for epidemic and pandemic situations. Development comprehensive health education programs are important to increase awareness and to reach sufficient knowledge.

Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of Medical Staff Toward Covid-19: Sample From Baghdad.

Sahar Abdul-Hassan Al- Shatari; Hassan Hadi Al kazzaz

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 117-129

Coronavirus disease pandemic 2019 (COVID-19) is the worst global event after the Second World War. No trustable drugsor vaccine had been discovered for COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic.The study pointed to determine knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among employee in Baghdadhealthfacilities.A cross-section study online survey was conducted from 27th May -19th July 2020, by using of Google-form questionnaire through the emails and social media (Telegram,Viber, WhatsApp, Facebook) or by hand to hand as a hardcopy. Medical-staff in our study had access to the online-link of the questionnaire. The answers Downloaded from the electronic-form of Questionnaire (Google-form) to the computer as an excel file and important to SPSS ver. 23 to be analyzed,frequencies, and percentages calculated.One hundred and seven medical staff (doctors, dentists, and pharmacists) enrolled in this study. The highest percentage of participants was female 72(67.3%), aged 30-39 years 36(33.6%), married 69(64.5%), working in hospital 52(48.6%), family medicine Specialty 30(28.0%), senior 36(33.6). with much-information and good-practice 59(55.1%). A highpercentage of the participants had correct information inDroplets Mode of transmission 103(96.3), Old age as risk group 105(98.1%). The participant's attitude toward partial Quarantine; the highest percentage think it'sincorrect and must stop completely 44(41.1%). Tow-third of them wereworking in quarantine lounges 68(63.5%).Health workers in Iraq neededfurther updating education and training programs about COVID-19 disease. There is a shortage of personal protective equipment in health care facilities.

Dental practitioner’s Knowledge, attitude and infection control practices amid COVID-19 outbreak in India

Mishra Supriya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1187-1205

Background: Ever since the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the recent spread of SARS-CoV-2 a global public health concern, efforts at every level are being done to contain the spread of the disease. Owing to its route of transmission, dental professionals are at a very high risk of getting infected and resulting in nosocomial infection. Hence, the dentists should have apt knowledge about the COVID-19 disease so that they can be sedulous enough in not only preventing the spread of the disease but also helping in early identification of the suspected patient for timely and optimum management.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional online questionnaire based survey was done among 1925 private dental practitioners to assess their knowledge, attitude and infection control practices (KAP) regarding COVID-19 flare-up. A descriptive analysis was carried out and chi-square test was done to compare the KAP with respect to different participant characteristics.
Results: With a response rate of 64.15%, the overall knowledge of the participants was sufficient (89.5%). However, the negative attitude regarding COVID-19 outbreak was reported in about 74.08% of responders. Majority of the dentists were aware of extended safety protocols owing to COVID-19 crisis but most of them were hesitant to follow it in a fully fledged manner. The female dentists, graduate dental practitioners with less clinical experience and dentists practicing in rural areas, in particular, lacked the confidence and perseverance to endure with the current impasse.
Conclusion: It is highly recommended that the competent authorities in India should come up with some visible policies and provide support to the dental practitioners, especially to a certain demographic group amid COVID crisis so that the dentists keep themselves up-to-date about this evolving disease and provide safe and effective dental care while containing the spread of the disease.

Psychosocial impact of COVID-19 Quarantine in South India: A online cross-sectional survey

Narrain shree S; Jagannathan K; Vinod N P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1530-1545

COVID-19 has been recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization. originated from China and has rapidly crossed borders, infecting people throughout the whole world. The present study sought to determine knowledge, attitude and behavior (KAB) of South Indian population toward COVID-19 Quarantine.
Methods: An online cross sectional, semi-structured questionnaire was undertaken through google forms among South Indian population (SIPs). SIPs aged 18 years and above constituted the study population. Data was analyzed using SPSS Software
Results: Totally 280 responses were received. The responders had a moderate level of knowledge about the COVID-19 infection and adequate knowledge about its preventive aspects. The attitude towards COVID-19 showed peoples' willingness to follow government guidelines on quarantine and social distancing. 32% of Participants have felt stressed during quarantine and 32.4% of participant had sleep disturbance. Alarmingly 32% are not anxious and feel free to roam around in public places without protective measures like mask and gloves. In this study, panic about acquiring COVID-19 infection during purchase and travel were reported in 29.5% and 11% participants respectively. The perceived Physical healthcare need was seen in more than 69% of participants.
Conclusions: COVID-19 Quarantine knowledge is gained mainly through media channels, Newspaper, which have strengths and weaknesses. Although the government has taken major steps to educate the public and limit the spread of the disease, there is a need to intensify the alertness of people during this COVID-19 Quarantine.


Aminuddin Prahatama Putra; Edyson .; Ika Kusuma Wardani; Huldani .; Fauziah .; Julia Kasab

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1118-1125

Background: Terminal disease causes pain that is unbearable by the patient. Euthanasia is an act of someone ending his life in order to relieve the pain he is suffering. Euthanasia is still prohibited in Indonesia. Education on ethical and basic knowledge between junior high schools located on the banks of the Martapura river may have differences due to local traditions regarding euthanasia, therefore research is needed to see differences in knowledge, attitudes and perceptions about euthanasia among SMPN 1 Astambul and SMPN 1 Karang Intan students. Methods: The research design used analytic observational with cross sectional method. The sample consisted of 100 students, the data were analyzed using the chi-square test with a 95% degree of confidence. Result: The results showed that the level of students' knowledge about euthanasia was still lacking, the majority of attitudes and perceptions about euthanasia were negative. Conclusion: There were no significant differences in knowledge, attitudes, perception regarding euthanasia based on their origin school. There were a significant differences in knowledge and attitudes based on parental education and occupation.

Factors Promoting Usage Of Social Media:An Exploratory Study Of Secondary Schools Headteachers Of Malawi

Collins Chibvala Phiri Z.M; Sonia Sharma; Dr. Pavitar Parkash Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3267-3272

In the modern world for heads of institutions to effectively and efficiently progress in their daily duties, they need to active in the way they use the social media as well well as being semiconscious in the way they use the social media. This descriptive research was conducted to explore factors and challenges promoting and affecting use of social media by Headteachers and their level of enjoyment in usage of social media in schools of Malawi. In this survey, qualitative and quantitative study methods were used to collect relevant and detailed data. Simple random sampling was used to select 61 headteachers. A self-constructed questionnaire, 5 point Likert scale and interview questions were used to study the attitude of headteachers towards usage of social media in secondary schools. Mean differences, standard deviations and t-test are used for data analysis. The results concluded that principals have positive attitude towards use of technology in schools. Findings revealed that; need to search for new information and resources, conforming to the global village, availability of ICT equipment and need for easy communication are some of the factors promoting principals need use of technology in schools; interrupted power supply/ failure, lack of expertise-knowledge and skills including lack of equipment are some of the challenges faced in secondary schools when integrating technology and that headteachers enjoy using technology in schools. 98.36% of principals enjoy using technology which is significantly very high.


Muminova A. K

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 671-676

The verbal occurrence of rank and title names in the Uzbek language from a socio-linguistic point of view, that is, in relation to the personality of the speaker and the listener is analyzed in this article. The research of career and title names used in the lexicon of a historical work in terms of the attitude, speech conditions and speech situation of the applicant and the recipient disposes to reflect the cultural reality and cultural identity of that period.

Examining Students’ Intentions to Use Energy Energy -Efficient Products: An Application of Theory of Planned Behaviour

Norazah Mohd Suki; Norbayah Mohd Suki; Iwan Harsono

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 860-868

Energy-efficient products can reduce the threat of global climate. This research aims to examine students’ intentions to use energy-efficient products by using theory of planned behaviour as the guiding principle. Data were analysed using descriptive analysis via the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results of descriptive analysis revealed that of the twenty-six items assessed, two statements which represented the environmental awareness factor were the top important aspects highlighted by the respondents in respect to positive perception towards energy-efficient products. They reported that “the main cause of the climate change is a lack of environmental risk perceptions”. This is followed by statement “current environmental situations are very serious for our future”. Moreover, belief factor is also strongly upholding by the participants in this research. They asserted that reliability is important when considering energy-efficient products. Indeed, they strongly believe that environment is important when considering energy-efficient products. The findings advanced body of knowledge on student intentions to use energy-efficient products, which is not much enclosed in the literature in Malaysian context. Direction for future research is also furnished.

An insight among students of health sciences towards HIV/AIDS: A cross sectional study in coastal Karnataka

Ankitha Prem; Mahima Mishra; Suhan .; Smitha Nayak; Suman VB; Anupama N; Priyanka Arun Shirali; Rashmi Kaup Shiva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 26-37

The objective of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among Interns of a Dental and Medical College. The data is collected through structured questionnaire by cross sectional study method with the sample size of 246. The model is tested on a context of Interns of dental and medical students for the first time. The present study has used a reflective measurement model. Due to the model complexity, the use of Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling approach is found to be appropriate for the purpose of analysis of constructs and their corresponding data. The structural model has proved that the path coefficient value and empirical t values of exogenous latent variables on endogenous latent variable are above that threshold value in relationship between knowledge and trust as well as perception and trust except attitude and trust. The testing of hypothesis confirms the strong relationship between knowledge and trust as well as perception and trust. Based on the results of Importance Performance Matrix Analysis results corporate need focus on changing the perception of interns primarily. Hence,medical college must aim at increasing the performance of the target construct trust so their first priority should be to improve the performance aspects captured by the construct perception performance by improving its total effects as this construct has high chance to improve its total effect which in turn improves its performance.

The Description Of Pre-Clinical Students’ Knowledge And Attitudes About The Dangers Of Smoking Against Lung Cancer

Moskwadina Gultom; B.R.Hertaty Siahaan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4771-4782

This study discusses the description of pre-clinical students’ knowledge and attitudes about the dangers of smoking against lung cancer. It was done at Medical Faculty of Universitas Kristen Indonesia (UKI). It was a quantitative study with survey design. The respondents of this study were 83 students who were chosen using quota sampling. The instrument of this study were two sets of questionnaires with closed-ended questions. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that: a) of 83 respondents, 71 (85.5%) of respondents knew that smoking was harmful to health, the remaining 12 (14.5%) of respondents did not know that smoking was harmful to health. It can be concluded that most of the Pre-clinical Students Class 2016-2018 at the Medical Faculty of UKI have good knowledge about the dangers of smoking against lung cancer.

Oral Rehydration Therapy: Mothers Knowledge And Attitude

Mohammed khawwam Abdul Wahid; Sura Khutan Mohammed; Ahmed Abdul Abbas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4349-4357

Over the last several decades, there has been some decline in mortality rate in association with diarrhea and this has been attributed to the use of oral rehydration solutions (ORS), better supplemental feeding, improvement in hygiene and sanitation and mother education; however, the use of ORS is greatly affected by mothers knowledge and attitude toward using it in treating their children with diarrheal disease. This study was aimed to figuring out maternal knowledge, attitude and practice with respect to ORT use in diarrheal illness and the main maternal characteristics that can predict such attitude and practice.The current study was designed to be a cross sectional study enrolling 400 mothers of children aged between 2-59 m. with history of diarrheal disease. Those mothers were asked to fill a questionnaire form regarding residency, level of education, parity, occupation,did they use ORS for their children or not during diarrheal disease. Mothers who did not use the ORS were asked about the reasons for such behavior. Mothers who used the ORS were asked about their source of knowledge about ORS,the way of preparation of ORS,the type of ORS, the frequency of administration, the method of administration and their beliefs regarding the benefit of ORS. The results of current study revealed that out of 400 mothers including in this study 232 (58%) used ORS to treat there children during diarrheal disease.There was no significant association between use of ORS and residence, level of education, parity and occupation (P > 0.05). Mothers who used ORS had good knowledge about the advantages and the way of preparation and use of ORS and their main source of knowledge was primary health care centers. Mothers who did not use ORS admitted to have no idea about its advantages because no one has told them about these advantages. a significant proportion of mothers in our community lack necessary knowledge about the advantages of ORS in treating diarrheal disease in children and that there is urgent need to adopt health campaign to raise the awareness of women in our society regarding this common health issue.


Bipin .; Keerthi Sasanka; Kavitha .; Kiran kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1605-1621

Forensic odontology deals with legal investigations in which it primarily involves the identification of the offender by comparing dental records to a bite mark left on the victim. It is especially used for the application of the principal of law and criminal investigation.Aim of the study is to evaluate knowledge and awareness on forensic dentistry. This special brand deals with the dental evidence obtained from the victim. As the field of forensic dentistry focuses on the methods of detection, collection and analysis of bite mark remains is very helpful in crime investigations to analyse the acquired evidence. In the past decades oral pathologists had major responsibilities in developing forensic science. A cross sectional study on undergraduates was carried out using a questionnaire with close ended questions. The survey had 15 questionnaires circulated in Google forms and 100 responses were obtained from the population, representation of data was in pie chart and bar graphs. Majority of the study population answered yes as they feel forensic odontology is very much essential to deal with crime investigation. 62.7% of the study population responded positively where they are able to differentiate the work of forensic anthropologists and a forensic odontologist first. The students' knowledge on forensic odontology and what it deals with, was significant with the year of study where final year students are more aware about forensic odontology. P value = 0.00(<0.05) which is statistically significant. This study concludes that most of the participants have knowledge and awareness on the role of forensic dentistry among dental undergraduates.


Moulishree .; Vishnu Priya; K. R. Don; R. Gayathri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2155-2172

Social networks are seen as a group of internet based technology. It provides a platform to share contents, interest and develop new skills and personalities in the virtual world . The definition for this depends from person to person. There are no boundaries to the use of social networks. The aim of the study is to determine the attitude towards social networks among different age groups. A well structured questionnaire enclosed with closed ended questions was prepared which was surveyed among 100 active participants . The data collected is analysed in SPSS software version 22 by descriptive analysis. The questionnaire is administered to the participants to online google forms link.There exists a positive attitude towards social networks among all age groups. Awareness on advantages and disadvantages of the social networks should be inculcated in the minds of the younger generation.

Knowledge And Awareness On Mental Health Of Students During Quarantine Period

Kaviyaselvi Gurumurthy; V. Vishnu Priya; K. R. Don; R. Gayathri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2644-2664

Coronavirus, a deadly virus caused an unimaginable pandemic across the globe and in order to limit its spread the lockdown and quarantine initiative was introduced. The mental health of students generally refers to the complete mental well-being and the absence of any mental disorders. This pandemic caused a major fluctuation in mental attitudes and anxiety levels of students. The main aim of this study was to analyze the attitude of students in relation to the quarantine and the mental health of students during the lockdown period. A self administered questionnaire was prepared and circulated. The results were obtained and statistically analysed using SPSS software with a version of 22 and the statistical test used was descriptive statistics. It was found that the majority of students had no change in relationship between friends and family and were able to counteract boredom and laugh every single day of the quarantine. The study concluded that the quarantine period had an effect on attitude and anger levels of students. Teenagers were physically and psychologically affected by the quarantine due to lack of socialization and however proved to be addicted to social media which had a deteriorating rating impact on the quality of life.

Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Based Survey On The Incidence Of Pulp Stones In Maxillary Molars Among Endodontists And General Practitioners - A Questionnaire Based Survey

AarthiMuthukumar .; Dr. AdimulapuHima Sandeep

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2997-3015

AimThe aim is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice on the incidence of pulp stones in maxillary molars among endodontists and general practitioners.IntroductionPulp stones are discrete calcified masses found in the dental pulp tissue or embedded into dentin. Based on their radiographic features, they can be classified into true and false which are located more often in the coronal region of the tooth. True pulp stones are made up of dentine and lined by odontoblasts, whereas the false pulp stones are formed from degenerating cells of the pulp that get mineralized. Materials and MethodsThe sample size is 102 people and a random sampling method is used to minimise bias. Internal validity was a pre tested questionnaire and external experiment and cross verification with existing studies was performed. Data analysis was done in SPSS and Statistical test used is chi square test and dependent variables are demographic data such as gender and experience and independent variables are pulp stones incidence and knowledge.ResultsFrom this survey it was found that 70% were aware about the types of pulp stone, 62% were able to diagnose pulp stones radiographically and 60% encountered pulp stones rarely in maxillary molars.Conclusion
Within the limitations of the study , the prevailing knowledge in regard to the prevalence of pulp stones among endodontists was high when compared to the general practitioners. More awareness can be created among general practitioners about pulp stones. Furthermore, the existing Attitude and practice among respondents was high among endodontists and general practitioners when compared to knowledge.