Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Breast Carcinoma

Assessment of the D-Dimer Levels and their Correlation with Lymph Node Involvement in Carcinoma Breast

Dr. Gaurav Kataria; Dr Preeti Juneja

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 8840-8844

Background:Mammography is a widely used screening approach in the detecting of breast
cancer and proved to help reduce the mortality effectively. D-dimer (or D dimer) is a fibrin
degradation product (or FDP), a small protein fragment present in the blood after a blood
clot is degraded by fibrinolysis. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing the
d-dimer levels in carcinoma breast.Materials & methods:A total of 25 breast carcinoma
patients were enrolled.Data was collected using self-structured Performa which consisted
of detailed history, thorough examination, investigations and results. Blood venous
samples (3 ml) were collected from all patients before any surgical intervention, and
clinical staging was done. All the results were recorded and analysed using SPSS software.
Results:Mean D Dimer levels were found to be 2.458 μg/mL.Mean D-Dimer levels among
patients with and without lymph node involvement was 2.896 μg/mL and 1.354 μg/mL
respectively. Significant results were obtained while comparing the mean D-Dimer levels
among patients with and without lymph node involvement.Conclusion:D-dimer was found
to be an independent predictive factor for lymph node metastasis. However; further studies
are recommended.