Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Antimicrobial resistance

Isolation, Assessment of Antimicrobial Sensitivity of Bacterial Pathogens from Post-Cesarean section Infection of patients in Thi-Qar Province

Ezat H. Mezal; Abdullah F. Yousif; Zaman K. Hanan; Ali K. Hanan; AbduladheemTurki Jalil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 958-964

Cesarean section is the most frequent surgical procedure in obstetrics. This study was carried out to isolating and identifying bacteria causing cesarean section inflammation from patients and antimicrobial susceptibility test to bacterial isolates; 30 samples were collected from patients with different aged of women that had suffering from Post-Cesarean section Infection in Bent-Al-Huda & Al-Habboubi hospital in in Thi-Qar province. The isolates were identified on the bases of their morphological characteristics, the Gram stain reaction, biochemical tests and confirmed by the Api 20 E test. The results revealed that the rate of bacterial isolates in patients with Post-Cesarean section Infection was (76.6%). out of these (34.8 %) were E .coli, (30.4%) were Pseudomonas aeroginosa, (13%) of Staphylococcus aurous, (8.6%) isolates of Acintobacter and Bacillus. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to 23 bacterial isolates showed variable sensitivity to antibiotic, they were more sensitive to chloramphenicol and Imipenem also the results appeared increasing prevalence of multidrug resistant between isolates.

Evolution Of Multidrug Resistance Superbugs, A Healthcare Nightmare – Short Review

Neha Singh; Ghosh M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4378-4382

Antibiotics resistance are increasing. Public health officials are alarmed by the increasing frequency of antimicrobial- resistant microorganisms that have been remerged in the hospitals. There is sufficient tales to remind us that antibiotics might lose all the potency against invading bacteria. The development of resistance from the evolution of the elegant resistance mechanisms that create superbugs, which is spread by exchange resistance traits with other microorganisms. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that more than 2 million people annually are sicken from the drug-resistance bacteria. The antibiotic resistance is particularly destructive in hospitals, where such infections strike the patients with chronic disease and weak immune systems. High risk groups includes individuals who have undergone recent surgery, the cancer patients, diabetics etc.Selection intensity is the major contributor to the resistance which can be determined by the volume of drugs consumption by human and agricultural industry. Cost to fitness of the microorganism is associated by acquired or De novo resistance. Therefore it is assume that reduction of the prevalence of resistance can be carried out by reducing the volume of drug use