Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Acute cholecystitis

Comparative analysis of clinical, radiological and operative findings in Acute Abdomen Cases

Dr.Sumitoj Singh, Dr. Ashok Kumar, Dr.Nandu unnikrishnan, Dr.Narinder Pal Singh, Dr Vandana Sidhu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3393-3401

AIM: The present study was carried out as an attempt to correlate and emphasize the
salient approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of the various acute abdominal
Material and methods: This study was a prospective observational study consisted of 50
patients with non‑traumatic acute abdomen presenting to the ED that were clinically
diagnosed acute abdomen. Detailed history was taken followed by clinical examination
and radiological investigations for all the patients. Comparative analysis of all
investigations and clinical features were made and a provisional diagnosis was derived.
Results: The results showed that mean age of the patient is 38± 13.6 years with M: F ratio
of 1:3.5. Acute cholecystitis was the most common cause of acute abdomen, accounting
for 36% of total cases followed by perforation peritonitis (24%) which included peptic
perforation and intestinal perforation. The accuracies was recorded for clinical features,
ultrasonography andXray for acute abdomen cases.
Conclusion: We concluded that Plain X rays and ultrasonography can be used for
diagnosing acute abdominal emergencies; they are the cheaper, non-invasive, quick,
reliable and highly accurate modality in diagnosing the exact cause of pain and its origin
in a patient presenting with an acute abdomen and thus helps the physician or surgeon to
plan the timely management