Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Alanine transaminase[ALT]

Alcoholic liver cirrhosis as wellspring for periodontal indisposition: a case control study

Dr. Aruna N. Daware Dr. Shweta S Bhayade, Dr. Indrajeet Deshpande, Dr. Priyadarshani R Sarkate, Dr. Sucheta Narwat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3491-3499

Aims: To evaluate the effect of alcoholic liver cirrhosis on health of periodontal status.
Methods and Material: A total of 120 subjects were included in the study between the age group of 35 to 75 years of age. A total of 60 patients diagnosed as alcoholic liver cirrhosis (based on AST: ALT = ˃2) were included in the study. A control group of 60 subjects were included which do not have alcohol consumption habit and not having any systemic problems. Periodontal parameters included Plaque index, gingival index, Number of missing teeth, Probing depth and Clinical attachment loss. Statistical analysis: Statistical Analysis was performed using statistical software SPSS version 17. A post hoc test was done for intergroup comparison of periodontal parameters between the test and control group.
Result: The Plaque Index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment loss has shown a statistically significant difference (p=0.000) when compared between test and control groups. There was no statistically significant difference (p=0.045) found in the number of missing teeth between test and control group.
Conclusion: Alcoholic liver cirrhosis can be considered as one of the risk indicator for periodontal diseases which compromises the periodontal health.