Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Ethical Concepts


A Comparative Study Of Western And Indian Thought

Harikumar Pallathadka

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 5878-5882

The idea of goodness, or the philosophy of dharma, is stressed as a fundamental value in the Upanisads. Indian ethics aspires to obey dharma, which emphasizes morality and good behaviour. The goal of life, referred to as Purusharthas in Upanisads, is to achieve the four aims advocated in the Upanisads. Dharma, Artha, kaama, and moksha are the four principles. These four goals assist in living a positive and ethical life. In everyone's life, all four segments are essential. "Ethics” means “good life” in Greek culture. Plato discusses what it means to know what is healthy. According to him, the concept of good is seen as the universal author of beautiful and perfect everything. Happiness, according to Aristotle, is the primary purpose, and it is contingent on the realization of one's rationality.
Happiness, according to Epicurus, entails serenity and can be attained by simple pleasures that promote bodily health and mental tranquilly. The ultimate purpose of a human being, according to Epicurus, is not a never-ending stream of sensual pleasures. Ataraxia is a state of tranquilly that relieves mental and physical pain. The fulfilment of natural desires leads to happiness by preserving bodily health and mental peace, and freedom from pain. Philosophy and the pursuit of knowledge will help one understand their goodness.