Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : T3 and T4

Deleterious effect of Perfluorooctanoic Acid on Rat Thyroid Gland

Ahmed AbdulhamidAlbakoush; Mohey el-sayedhulail; Emtethal Mamdouh El- Bestawyand Amira EbrahimAlsemeh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3993-3999

Background: Thyroid hormone is critical for the normal physiological function of
almost all mammalian tissues. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a manufactured
compound which persist in water and soil. The aim of the present study was to
evaluate the possible changes in the thyroid gland of adult male albino rats after
oral administration of PFOA. Material and methods: twenty male albino rats (150–
200 gm) and pathogenically free were obtained from Zagazig university. Animals
divided randomly in to two groups, Group I (control) and Group II rat was PFOA
and. Serum sample were collected for estimation thyroid hormones and thyroid
gland samples were prepared for differ microscopic examination. Results: In our
study, a significant decrease in the level of T3 and T4 with a significant increase of
TSH in PFOA group compared to control group. . Thyroid gland sections in rats
treated with PFOA showed a normal immunohistochemical expression of iNOS,
while, in PFOA group showed a staining was stronger and the area of
immunoexpression was greater in thyroid gland. Using Toluidine blue stain,
thyroid gland sections in control group showed typical thyroid follicles lined with
cuboidal epithelium and filled with homogeneous colloid and separated by capillary
beds. However, PFOA group showed some follicles are distended with colloid,
others appear collapsed. Mast cells in the interfollicular space with variable
densities of the colloid staining. Conclusion: These findings suggest that oral
dosing in rats with PFOA results in a noticed decrease in thyroid hormones and a
structural change in thyroid tissues.