Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Carpal tunnel syndrome


PREVALENCE OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN CENTRAL INDIA

Dr. Vipin Garg, Dr. Parul Trichal, Dr. Vijerdra Damor, Dr. Pradeep Dubey, Dr. Roma Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 664-672

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a most common type of upper limb compression neuropathies. Carpal tunnel syndrome is common during pregnancy and the symptoms are mostly high in the third trimester. Various physiological and electro diagnostic tests are used to detect carpal tunnel syndrome in this stage. Aim: this study was aimed to find the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome among pregnant women.
Materials & Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the department of orthopedics in Gajara Raja Medical College, Gwalior, India. Pregnant women presenting with sign and symptoms of CTS were enrolled in our study.
Results: Among 300 pregnant women, prevalence of CTS was 24 (8%). Majority of the women (66%) were found in third trimester of pregnancy. 37.4% pregnant women were 26-30 years age group, 54% was primiparous and 65.3% women were obese category. Physiologic tests (Phalen’s Test, Tinel’s sign and Carpal Compression Test) used for diagnosis of CTS.
Conclusion: Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome was higher among pregnant women mainly in third trimester.

Ulnar Nerve Entrapment InCubital Tunnel: Transposition Versus Decompression Alone

Randa Abd Eldayem A. Said, Magdy El-Sayed Rashed, Hosni Hassan Salama and Ibrahim Metwally Abdel Fattah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4065-4077

Background: Ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow is the second most common
compression neuropathy after carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Surgery is usually necessary
to treat chronic neuropathy associated with muscle weakness or neuropathy that does not
respond to conservative measures. The aim of the present study was to evaluate patientreported
and surgeon-evaluated outcome of ulnar nerve entrapment in cubital tunnel
decompression versus transposition.Patients and Methods: The study was conducted at
Neurosurgery Department, Zagazig University Hospitals on 18 ulnar nerve entrapment
patients 9 cases undergone simply decompression operation and 9 cases undergone
transposition operation.All cases were subjected to medical records of all cases, clinical
diagnosis and Electrodiagnostic tests. Postoperative outcome was assessed and graded,
based on patient-reported and surgeon-evaluated outcome, into four groups: cured,
improved, unchanged or exacerbated Results:88.9% of the decompression group shows
full motor power (FMP) postoperatively while this was shown in 44.4% of transposition
group with no significant difference(P<0.05) between the two groups.All patients of both
groups show postoperative improved sensory manifestations. There was highly significant
difference (p<0.05) between the two studied groups regarding postoperative nerve
conduction velocity NCV as it was higher in decompression group than transposition
group (57.28±2.5 vs. 54.18±3.35)m/s. while there was no significant difference between
them regarding nerve thickness by ultrasound.Conclusion:Perioperative assessment of
ulnar nerve subluxation at primary surgery for UNE should be routine and, if found, an
ulnar nerve transposition should be performed in the same surgical session, to minimize
the need for revision surgery.

PROFILE OF PATIENTSWITH CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

Ellisa Dwijayanti, Isti Suharjanti

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4710-4712

Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common form of median nerve neuropathy and about 90% of all types of neuropathy. This syndrome is also one of the most common hand disorders associated with work.This study aimed to demonstrate the epidemiological characteristics in patients treated for carpal tunnel syndrome in a general hospital.
Objective:To report clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with CTS in outpatient care unit of a general hospital.
Methods:This is a retrospective study. All patients who were treated in outpatient care unit in January-September 2021.
Results: We obtained data from 44 patients in outpatient care unit. The ratio of men and women was 1:3.4. The mean of age was 49 years old.Bilateral manifestation is more common than unilateral (59.1%).
Conclusion: Female with bilateral symptoms of median nerve neuropathy was the most common characteristic in CTS patient’s profile.