Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Middle ear

A Study of Morphological and Morphometrical Variations of Human Ear Ossicles in Bihar

Dr. Rashmi kumari, Dr. Ram Prakash Paswan, Dr. Pallavi Priyavadini, Dr. S. K. Karn, Dr. G. K. Mishra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 1128-1134

The three middle ear ossicles form an articulated chain, connecting the lateral and medial walls of the tympanic cavity. They amplify and transmit the sound vibrations to the cochlear receptors in the inner ear. Any malformations of these ossicles cause hearing problems. To study the morphometric measurements and morphological features of all the three ear ossicles of both the sides.
Method: 50 formalin fixed human temporal bones were dissected to remove ear ossicles for the study by dissection method. At DMCH Darbhanga.
Conclusion: The knowledge of variations of the ossicles and its morphometric data will help the otologist during reconstructive surgery and provide necessary information for the prosthesis designer. Comparisons of morphometric values of newborn ossicles with that of adult values suggest that these ossicles complete their morphometric development in foetal life

Role of high resolution CT temporal bone in unsafe chronic suppurative otitis media

Dr. Abhijeet, Dr. Bindu Agrawal, Dr. Gaurav Garg, Dr. Malvika, Dr. Neha Goel, Dr. Divya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1665-1673

Introduction: HRСT Temporal bone in unsafe CSOM саn рrоvide exсellent detаils оf temроrаl bоne аnаtоmy, its соngenitаl vаriаtiоns, lосаtiоn аnd extent оf diseаse, аsymрtоmаtiс соmрliсаtiоns аnd degree оf bоne destruсtiоn. It соnfirms оtоsсорiс findings tо greаter extent, сleаr mаny сliniсаl dоubts аnd helрs in determining surgiсаl effiсасy when surgery will be neсessаry аnd аlsо fоr рlаnning the аррrоасh fоr surgery.
Aim: To assess the usefulness of HRCT imaging of temporal bone in cases of unsafe chronic suppurative otitis media and to describe the status of the disease in unsafe chronic suppurative otitis media.
Material and Methods: Total 40 patients with clinical diagnosis of unsafe CSOM were included in the study and underwent HRCT using Siemens Sоmаtоm Sсорe 16 sliсe СT mасhine as per standard protocol. Each HRCT was analysed for presence of soft tissue density in middle ear and mastoid cavity and status of ossicles, mastoid cavity, scutum, lateral semicircular canal, cochlea, facial nerve canal, external auditory canal, tegmen tymphani and sinus plate.
Results: Maximum numbers of patients were in age group of 21 to 30 (35%) with male to female ratio of 2.6:1. Most common chief complaint was otorrhoea (90%) and hearing loss (45%). Mоst соmmоn ossicle eroded wаs incus (65%) and scutum erosion noted in 55% cases.
Conclusion: HRСT is useful fоr diаgnоsis, surgiсаl рlаnning аnd mаnаgement оf temроrаl bоne раthоlоgies. Рreорerаtive СT sсаn is benefiсiаl аnd соntributоry in relаtiоn tо diаgnоsis аnd deсisiоn-mаking in indiсаting орerаtiоn tо раtients with СSОM аnd imрrоves the suссess rаte оf сhоlesteаtоmа surgeries. It serves аs rоаd mар tо аssist the surgeоn during surgery.

Assessment of tympanic membrane perforation in adult population- An Original Research

Dr.Shahnaz Sheikh, Dr.Anushri Bajaj, Dr. Vikrant Vaze, Dr.BalchandraPaikay

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2018, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 189-192

Background: The incidence of perforations of the TM due to trauma is on the increase
consequent to trauma, and increased violence and accidents seen in present-day life.
The present study was conducted to assess tympanic membrane perforation in adult
Materials & Methods:80 patients with tympanic membrane perforation of both genders
were included. Clinical parameters such as cause of injury, side, site, complaints and
type was recorded.
Results: Left side was involved in 38 and right side in 42, Site was anterior in 46 and
posterior in 30 and undefined in 4. Complaint was otalgia in 78, tinnitus in 70,
otorrhoea in 80 and vertigo in 14. Cause was RTA in 32, domestic assault in 28 and
armed robbery in 20. Type was penetrating in 56 and non- penetrating in 24. The
difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Most common side involved was right and road traffic accident was the
main reason for tympanic membrane perforation