Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : school-age

Factors that Influence Schoolchildren’s Willingness to Participate in Leisure-Time Physical Activities: Questionnaire Development and Content Validity Testing

Mei-Li Tsai,Tzu- Lin Lin,Chi-Jane Wang

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 60-71

Leisure-time physical activities (LTPA) can improve children’s physical fitness, their ability to control negative emotions, even their school performances. As the factors that influence schoolchildren’s willingness to participate in LTPA are multifaceted, an appropriate and valid measurement tool is critical for advancing the discussion of this topic. The purpose of this study is to develop a questionnaire about schoolchildren’s willingness to participate in LTPA and to verify its content validity and potential user validity. The research procedures involved three stages. The first stage was the development of the questionnaire. The questionnaire items were developed through systematic collection, review, and summary of the literature. The second stage involved eight experts in testing the content validity of the questionnaire. The third stage was to test the potential user validity with eight upper-grade students as questionnaire respondents. The systematic collection, review, and summary of the literature resulted in five factors: individual, interpersonal interactions, parents, environment, and school policies. Based on these, 36 items were drafted for the questionnaire, named “Influences on Schoolchildren’s Willingness to Participate in LTPA.” The questionnaire was validated by the eight experts. The item-content validity indexes (I-CVI) ranged between .88 and 1.0, and the summative content validity index (S-CVI) was .9. As for the items’ wording appropriateness, the I-CVI ranged between .75 and 1, while the S-CVI was .96. For potential user validity, the students rated the comprehensibility of the 36 items. Their responses fell between 3 (mostly understandable) and 4 (completely understandable). In conclusion, the expert content validity and potential user validity testing confirmed that the questionnaire has good content validity. In the future, the questionnaire will be administered to a large sample of schoolchildren to verify its construct validity and reliability


Muhannad Abdulhamid Almalk, Abdulmhosen Abdullah Allehyani, Asmaa Dakkel Najm Alsulami, Najlaa Eid FadelAllah Alharbi, Khlood Musalam Abbad Al harbi, Amal Mafarh Abdullah Al otaibi Badr Jaber Albeshri, Nawaf Saad M Alhusayni, Faisal Khalid Hamzah Alghamdi, Bandar Shabeb Almqati, Mamdouh Ahmad Albishri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 483-491

Asthma is a global problem, its prevalence varies among different countries and cities and age groups. In children, asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases and one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality.Bronchial asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood. In recent years a consistent increase in the prevalence of asthma has been reported from various regions of the world. Concomitantly, the social and economic impact of the disease is also increasing. Children with asthma face multiple challenges that encompass learning how to cope with. Bronchial asthma (BA) is a public health problem in all countries irrespective of their level of development, being generally under-diagnosed and undertreated, and most asthma-related death commonly occurs in low-income and lower-middle income countries .As for Saudi Arabia, it is estimated that more than 2 million Saudis have asthma and the percentages range from 8% to 25% in Saudi children. In 2004, the highest prevalence of asthma was reported by physicians in Saudi Arabia (25%).
Aim of the study:To Assessment of knowledge of asthma and related symptoms in school-age children attending the primary health clinic inMakah city in Saudi Arabia 2019.
Method:A cross-sectional study was conducted attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An asthma knowledge questionnaire was used to measure the knowledge. During the March to June, 2019, participants were (80).
Results:General knowledge about asthma the majority of participant had average information were (43.75%) while weak Knowledgewere (12.25%) the data ranged from (4-15) by (Mean± SD) (12.113±4.12), while Knowledge about associated aspects of asthma the majority of participant had average information were (67.5%) while weak Knowledgewere (12.25%) the data ranged from (5-10.) (Mean± SD), (6.387±2.75).
Conclusion: In conclusion, the screening methodology adopted in this study could be applied for all children at the beginning of the school year, being simple and noninvasive measure. The prevalence of asthma in school children in is greater than that reported from most developing countries and closer to the rates reported indeveloped countries. Avoidance of pet's ownership at home, improving social class and premarital counseling for atopic persons are all recommended