Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : BMI


Development of Smart Health Monitoring System

D.S. Dayana; G. Kalpana; D. Godwin Immanuel

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 866-874

In the last few eras the humanity has witnessed an increase in visiting and downloading of
fitness applications. The theme of this project is to provide every possible tool which can be
helpful for Ones fitness journey. This app is used to track the fitness level of a person. It
shows user the holistic view of their health so that they never lose the track of their fitness.
This app is having certain options through which user can keep check on their fitness. It
can be used to track user’s progress by keeping check on their weight and their Calorie
Intake. This app will let user calculate BMI, BMR, calorie requirement and accordingly
provide meal plan and workout plan. There are researches and studies are going on
every day on various aspects of fitness, healthy living and diet. This app is also having a
discussion forum where people can post about various researches and their personal
health issues which can be resolved in the further posts.

Effects Of Obesity On The Serum Levels Of Free And Total Prostate-Specific Antigen In A Sample Of Iraqi Men.

Dr Ziad Hammad Abd; Dr Ruya Abdulhadi M. Saeed; Omar Farhan Ammar (alrawi)

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 142-148

Objectives: the study aims to assess the relationship between obesity and prostatic markers (total prostatic specific antigen (tPSA), and free prostatic specific antigen (fPSA)). Methods: this study was conducted on 127 men aged ≥40 years at The Department of Urology at Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital. Exclusion criteria were a history of previously diagnosed or treated prostate cancer, the use of prostacare or any drugs that affect the levels of PSA in the serum. Results: the age range of the participants of the study was between 40–80 year. The number of men with normal BMI was 26 (20.47%), 47 men were overweight (37%), 33 men were obese (25.98%), and finally, 21 men were severely obese (16.53%). The mean of parameters total and free prostate-specific antigen (tPSA, fPSA), in the study, were (mean ± SD) (1.683±0.563) ng/ml, (0.537±0.189) ng/ml, respectively. Conclusions: there are no significant relationships between BMI, tPSA, and fPSA, at P≤0.05 in a sample of Iraqi men.

Determination Of Trace Elements And Total Antioxidant Capacity İn Obese Iraqi Patients

Ibrahim Abdulkareem Sabri; Assistant professor Doctor Hakan ÇOLAK; Assistant professor Doctor Mustafa Taha Mohammed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2348-2358

Obesity is one of the principle preventable reasons for death. extra than forty % of Iraqis be afflicted by weight problems (obesity). is that it is excessive weight gain with excess body fat. This causes the patient to be exposed to several diseases. (weight problems) is measured in lots of ways, the most crucial of which is referred to as (BMI - body mass index), that's a tool for calculating weight in relation to frame height. someone is overweight if this indicator has a fee of 30 or more.
Methods: The study included healthy natural subjects as a comparison group (control) and they were (61 samples) Including (32) females and (29) males, and their ages ranged (3_15) years, and Patients Group (59 blood samples) were obtained they range in age (2_17) years, Included (35) males, (24) females.
Samples were collected from the patients reviewed at [Al Khayal Hospital].Level of antioxidants was assessed by estimation in the serum convergences of complete cancer prevention agents limit (TAC) by UV spectrophotometric strategy. also, Serum minor components (Zn, Cu and Fe) assessed by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS .)
The Statistical Analysis System-SAS (2012) program was utilized to distinguish the impact of contrast factors in study boundaries. T-test was utilized to huge look at between implies. in this examination.
Result: Our study observed significantly elevated concentrations of (TAC)
(p < 0. 01)in the control than patient. Investigation of serum minor components (Zn, Cu and (Fe) found that the mean estimations of Zn, Fe, Cu, were (106.52 ± 0.76) and (70.44 ± 0.76), and (65.85 ± 1.97 ) μg/dl for the patient and (53.73 ± 2.11), (31.16 ± 0.87), and (91.12 ± 3.00) μg/dl for the controls, thusly. There was a significant contrast in minor components the patients and controls (p < 0.01).

Detection Some Biomarkkers In Sarcopenia Patients-Basra City

Abdullah Abbas Hamzah Al- Rubaye; Amna Nasser Habeeb

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2417-2429

Background: Sarcopenia is a reduction in the rate, strength, and function of skeletal muscle mass that occurs mainly during aging, reduced physical activity, inflammation, and, or as a result of oxidative stress. C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF), procollagen type 3 N-terminal peptide (P3NT), and myostatin circulate biomarkers in elderly people associated with skeletal mass. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is also a circulating inflammation marker that contributes to the release of hs-CRP and alpha1 antichymotrypsin (AACT).
The objective of Research: To define the differences between certain biomarkers in the sarcopenic subject, the study compared the findings with those of the non-sarcopenic subject that may support awareness of the sarcopenia principles.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 170 participants living in Basra city. The weight (kilogram)/height (meter) 2 equation was used in the BMI calculation. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and calcium were estimated by a fully automated biochemistry analyzer using enzymatic methods. VLDL-cholesterol was tallied by using the Fridwald equation. Vitamin D, IL-6, myostatin, CAF, P3NT, AACT, and hs-CRP were measured by a fully automated ELISA analyzer.
Results: current study parameters included (BMI, total cholesterol, triglyceride, VLDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, IL-6, myostatin, CAF, P3NT, AACT, and hs-CRP) ) in the sarcopenic subject showed more than the control subject with significantly higher changes (P<0.01)., whereas the parameters included (HDL-cholesterol, calcium, and vitamin D) were demonstrated in sarcopenia group less than 
a control group with significantly higher changes (P<0.01). BMI had a direct correlation with total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL- cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol, IL-6, myostatin, CAF, P3NT, AACT, and hs-CRP, with highly significant (P < 0.01). BMI had an inverse correlation with HDL-cholesterol, calcium, and vitamin D, with highly statistic changes (P <0.01).
Conclusions: A findings of the study revealed that obesity serves as a health risk for sarcopenia in elderly adults. High blood levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, VLDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, myostatin, CAF, P3NT, IL-6 AACT, and hs-CRP in blood circulation raise the risk for sarcopenia in the elderly. Decrease concentrations of vitamin D, calcium, and HDL-cholesterol increase the opportunity for the elderly to have sarcopenia.

Risk Factors For The Progression Of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease And The State Of Intestinal Microflora In Overweight And Obese Patients

Botir T. Daminov; Umida Sh. Usmanova; Bahromkhon A. Alavi; Gozal N. Sobirova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 3535-3548

Recently, the growth of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has been actively discussed in domestic and foreign literature. In Uzbekistan, the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease increased from 27.0% in 2007 to 37.1% in 2014 and ranked first among liver diseases.

SERUM LEPTIN LEVELS, BODY MASS INDEX AND ITS CORRELATION WITH MATERNOFETAL OUTCOME IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

HARD TILVA; SUREKHA TAYADE

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2040-2048

BACKGROUND – Insulin resistance and profound changes in body weight are common features of pregnancy. Obesity in pregnant women and glucose intolerance due to insulin resistance, ultimately leading to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), both can add to poor maternofetal outcome such as, macrosomia, prematurity, shoulder dystocia, preeclampsia, and even increased chances of fetal demise. Leptin is a novel potential regulator of insulin resistance. Measuring serum leptin levels in pregnant women with different BMI categories may potentially help in early detection of GDM, and predicting poor maternofetal outcome at early stages of pregnancy.
OBJECTIVES
1. To study serum leptin levels in women with GDM
2. To study the body mass index in women with GDM and classify study subjects according to BMI
3. To study the serum leptin levels in women with GDM belonging to various BMI categories and evaluate its association.
4. To correlate serum leptin and BMI with materno-fetal outcome in women with GDM
METHODOLOGY – This prospective hospital based study will be conducted in department of obstetrics and gynecology, at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital (AVBRH). 96 pregnant women seeking care at outpatient unit and/or in patient unit of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, in the AVBRH hospital, Sawangi, Meghe, in first trimester, will be included in the study. Screening for GDM in twice, first as soon as possible after diagnosis of pregnancy (first trimester) and second between 24-28 weeks, fasting Serum Leptin will be measured at 28 -32 weeks of gestation.
EXPECTED RESULT - It is expected that levels of Sr. Leptin will be higher in the women with GDM and will be abnormal in various BMI categories with a proportionate rise with increasing BMI.

“EVALUATION OF HOMOCYSTEINE LEVELS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH CLINICAL, METABOLIC AND HORMONAL PROFILE OF WOMEN WITH PCOS”

PRIYANJALI SINHA; NEEMA ACHARYA; PRIYANKA SINGH

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2104-2112

Background: PCOS is the most common endocrinological disorder affecting 6 -14% amongst reproductive age group. The pathophysiology of PCOS is complex and it is still not well understood. Many markers have been studied to correlate between homocysteine level and other clinical, metabolic and hormonal profile. Preliminary investigations indicate that in women with PCOS, serum biomarkers of cardiovascular disorders such as homocysteine are abnormal. Furthermore the interactions between homocysteine and PCOS, biochemical features such as obesity, insulin resistance and higher levels of androgen, have been researched and the potential determinant of this finding is still being explored.
Aim and Objectives: We aim to determine association between hyperhomocysteinemia and PCOS. The objectives of this study is to evaluate and compare clinical, metabolic and 
hormonal profile in women of PCOS with normal homocysteine level with that of increased homocysteine level.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study which will be performed in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology, AVBRH, DMIMS (Deemed to be University, Wardha), a tertiary care teaching hospital situated in the rural area of Wardha district in over 140 patients for period between 2020-22. This study will include PCOS patients based on Rotterdam diagnostic criteria and will exclude patients with known metabolic, cardiovascular and endocrine disorders. Metabolic and hormonal profile will be evaluated with BMI, Lipid profile, Insulin resistance, serum levels of LH, FSH, DHEA and Testosterone in all patients. Serum homocysteine levels will be measured using ELISA.
Expected Results: We expect that there will be significant difference in clinical, metabolic and hormonal profile of PCOS women having hyperhomocysteinemia than women having normal homocysteine level.

“COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SHORTENED DENTAL ARCH PATIENTS WITH COMPLETELY DENTULOUS PATIENTS USING MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT- SHORT FORM” - A CROSS- SECTIONAL STUDY.

Dr. Shanvi Agrawal; Dr. Seema Sathe Kambala

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2130-2139

BACKGROUND: There are various people having dental arches with edentulous areas which are unrestored and are present posterior to the natural remaining teeth. Such people are known to have a SDA or Shortened Dental Arch. Individuals having SDA may consume a limited diet, containing highly processed& soft foods which can aggravate the possibility of obesity.
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we will evaluate the difference in the nutritional status of the patient with SDA as compared to completely dentulous patients and propose a desired intervention for such patients.
METHODS: This research will be executed at “Department of Prosthodontics, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Sawangi (Meghe) DMIMS DU, Wardha”. Total 40 patients reporting to OPD with unrestored edentulous area posterior to natural teeth as well as completely dentulous patients will be included in this study .Nutritional assessment using “mini nutritional assessment- short form” is evaluated for every subject and compared.
RESULTS: It is expected that this study would provide an insight to the difference in the nutritional status of the patient with SDA as compared to completely dentulous patients and propose a desired intervention for such patients.
CONCLUSION- There are various people having dental arches with unrestored edentulous areas remaining distal to the remaining natural teeth. Such people are known to have a SDA or Shortened Dental Arch .Individuals having SDA may consume a limited diet, containing highly processed& soft foods which can aggravate the possibility of obesity. This study will aid in evaluating the difference in the nutritional status of the patient with SDA as compared to completely dentulous patients and propose a desired intervention for such patients.

Relationship Of Body Mass Indexwith Theperformance Of National Level Taekwondo Players

Sunil Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3965-3969

The purpose of the present study was to analyse the relation of body mass index with the performance of Taekwondo players. The subjects selected for this study were national taekwondo players. The data for this study was collected during senior national taekwondo championship 2018. The data for body mass index was caluculated by using the weight and height data of the players. The data collected then was analysed using Pearson product moment correlation coefficient at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study showed significantnegative relationship between body mass index and the performances of taekwondo players.

Evaluation of the relationship between obesity and severity of periodontal diseases in rural population: A Study Protocol

Ms. Gauri , Bendre; Dr. Priyanka Jaiswal; Dr. Diksha Agrawal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2034-2037

Abstract: Background- Excessive accumulation of fat results into obesity. Obesity further
have an adverse effect on health as it has been seen to be associated with diabetes mellitus,
hypertension, heart disease like coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease such as
hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke, metabolic syndrome like insulin resistance, some
cancers such as cancer of esophagus, thyroid, kidney, uterus, colon and breast, and
psychosocial problems. Also, obesity is considered to be a risk factor for periodontitis
which is an inflammation of supporting periodontal structures around the tooth which
results from the complex interaction between pathogenic bacteria and the host immune
response. However, the impact of obesity on different severity of periodontal disease is not
evaluated in rural population. Aim: To evaluate the relationship between obesity and the
severity of periodontal disease in Rural population. Methodology: A total 400 obese
subjects will be included in the study. Biometric parameters like age, weight, height, waist
and neck circumference, subcutaneous skin fold will be evaluated. Also periodontal
parameters like Plaque index (PI), Papillary bleeding index (PBI), Probing pocket depth
(PPD), Clinical attachment level (CAL) and Gingival recession (REC) will be evaluated
and co-relation between these parameters will be carried out. Results: A statistically
significant association will be observed between BMI and periodontitis of overweight and
obese study individuals having periodontitis. A positive co-relation will be observed
between biometric parameters and periodontal status of obese individual. Conclusion: A
significant association will be observed between BMI and periodontitis of overweight and
obese study individuals having periodontitis in rural population.

RELATION BETWEEN EARLY PREGNANCY BMI AND GESTATIONAL WEIGHT GAIN WITH NEONATAL BIRTH WEIGHT

N. S. Kshirsagar; Supriya patil; M. M. ladded; S.S. Vhalwal; Archna V. Rokade

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4130-4135

Study objective is to study the influence of early pregnancy BMI on neonatal birth weight. To Study the association between gestational weight gain and neonatal birth weight. An observational correlational study, consisting of 1031 pregnant women, with singleton uncomplicated pregnancy, booked at Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad before 12 weeks of pregnancy, conducted between June 2014 to December 2015. After getting written informed consent from the patient, patients included in the study. Those who developed any complication during the study were excluded. With rising BMI, weight gain in pregnancy is greatly increased. Maternal pregnancy BMI has a positive association with the birth weight of neonatal. Lower BMI is significantly linked to a relatively low weight gain lower birth weight.

PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF MALNUTRITION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS IN INDIA

M. Kaja Lakshmy, E. Prabhakar Reddy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2018, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 193-199

Malnutrition includes both over nutrition and under nutrition. Country like Indiaharbours burden
of both types. College students are highly vulnerable to malnutrition as they seem tobe nonchalant
about their dietary habits, physical activity and general health due to academic burdenand lack of
time. With increasing importance given to physical appearance one group of students areinto diet,
consumption of dietary pills and bulimia. On the other hand another set of students areaddictedto
junk food andsedentarylife and end up in overnutrition. Our study aim is a) To estimate the
prevalence of malnutrition among medical studentsb) To assessthefactorsassociated with
malnutrition amongmedical students.Acrosssectionalstudy was done among undergraduate
medical students. Asemi-structuredquestionnairewasselfadministeredamong200studentsandalsoanthropometricexaminationwasconducted
andBMI
wascalculatedwiththe quetlet’s equation(weightinkgdivided by height in m2 ) The dietary habits
and intensity and frequency of physical activity werequestioned.Thedatawasentered in an Excel
sheet and theresults weretabulated.According to the WHO BMI scale , 13 students were
underweight , 113 were healthy ,55 were overweight and 19 were obese . Obese and Overweight
students were found to be morelethargicand had worsedietaryhabits than
thehealthystudents.Obesity and overweight is quite common among medical students .
Awarenessabout the ill effects of malnutrition has to be provided and medical students should be
encouraged totake care of their health so that they can adapt to a healthy lifestyle and also
practice the education ofhealthpromotion amongtheirpatients in future.