Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Adult



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 1075-1082
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.09.110

The goal of the random group experimental research was to figure out the impact of yoga therapy on the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) of asthmatic adult women and stress. For the purposes of the study, 30 adult asthmatic women were randomly selected using the Chennai random group sampling method between the ages of 45 and 55 and were divided into two groups, A and B, each with 15 subjects. It was speculated that substantial discrepancies within the control group on selected physiological and psychological variables among asthmatic adult women would occur due to Yoga Therapy. The pre-test on the chosen physiological variable such as Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and psychological variable such as Stress before the start of the training program was conducted for both groups (A and B).Yoga Therapy was given to Group A; Group B (Control Group) received no specific treatment, but were in active rest after the trial duration of eight weeks, all groups were retested on the selected dependent variables. The dependent variables tested were measured and compared using the Study of Co-variance (ANCOVA) approach to figure out the essential variations between the classes. The importance test has been set at a confidence level of 0.05. There was a major increase in the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and depression after eight weeks of yoga therapy. Group A remained significantly relevant relative to Group B at the conclusion of the intervention; it is concluded that yoga therapy had a significant impact among asthmatic adult women on physiological and psychological variables. Yoga therapy is therefore useful in increasing the Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and overcoming stress for asthmatic adult women.

Nicotine Dependence Level On Adult Smokers In West Java Indonesia

Tita Syiami Qodriani; Laili Rahayuwati; Setiawan .; Rindang Ekawati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1282-1291

Introduction: Smoking is an adverse behavior for one person and others. Although there are various negative effects of smoking, it does not affect the smokers to quit smoking, thus they had a nicotine dependence. The purpose of this research was to identify the sociodemographic characteristics and smoking history with nicotine dependence, and to identify the level of nicotine dependence on smokers.
Patients and Methods: This research was quantitative descriptive research. The population in this study was 338 smokers. This research used total sampling method and it obtained a sample of 159 adult respondents. Data were collected using the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence (FTND).
Results: The result of this research showed that, even though respondents in low levels of nicotine dependence (42,1%), most respondents were in a moderate level of nicotine dependence (39%), high of nicotine dependence (13,8%), and very high of nicotine dependence (5,1%). In addition, the majority of nicotine dependence tended to occur in respondents aged 18-40 years (49,7%), male (84,3%), final year of high school (49,1%), working as an entrepreneur (65,4%), and had an income of less than Rp2.893.074,72 (68,6%). In respondents’ smoking history, nicotine dependence was more likely to occur in respondents who started smoking at the age of 13-17 years (50,3%) with smoking for 1-10 years (30,2%), and smoking clove cigarettes (52,8%).
Conclusions and Recommendations: The conclusion of this study that most respondents were in low levels of nicotine dependence and some respondents were in moderate, high, and very high levels of nicotine dependence, and there was a tendency between income and nicotine dependence.