Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : training process


STUDY OF HEART RATE INDICATORS IN UNDERWATER ATHLETES OF DIFFERENT SPECIALIZATION

Redi Elena Vladimirovna; Tolstopyatov Igor Anatolevich; Konopleva Elena Nikolaevna; Grinko Andrey Leonidovich.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 568-573

Goal. To study the heart rate (HR) indicators in divers of different specialization in 2000, 2010, and 2020. Materials and methods. The study involved three generations of submariners (divided into groups): group A-2000, group B-2010, and group B-2020. Each group consisted of 10 boys and 10 women aged 17 to 25 years. Results. Male and female submariners of group B are characterized by higher rates of increase in resting heart rate (HR), compared to athletes of group A and B. Conclusion. The cardiovascular system is sensitive to various
influences, including strenuous physical activity, but the compensatory capabilities of the heart are not unlimited and if this is not taken into account, then you can get overexertion. In our case, it was found that the heart rate, regardless of specialization, reflects the functional level of the state of the cardiovascular system in accordance with different somatotypes.

THE STUDY OF THE HEART RATE IB ATHLETERS ENGAGED IN UNDERWATER SPORTS, DEPENDING ON THE SPECIALIZATION

Redi Elena Vladimirovna; Tolstopyatov Igor Anatolevich; Lisovik Alla Nikolaevna; Bortnikova Galina Nikolaevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1492-1498

Goal. To study the heart rate (HR) indicators in divers of different specialization in 2000, 2010, and 2020. Materials and methods. The study involved three generations of submariners (divided into groups): group A-2000, group B-2010, and group B-2020. Each group consisted of 10 boys and 10 women aged 17 to 25 years. Results. Male and female submariners of group B are characterized by higher rates of increase in resting heart rate (HR), compared to athletes of group A and B. Conclusion. The cardiovascular system is sensitive to various influences, including strenuous physical activity, but the compensatory capabilities of the heart are not unlimited and if this is not taken into account, then you can get overexertion. In our case, it was found that the heart rate, regardless of specialization, reflects the functional level of the state of the cardiovascular system in accordance with different somatotypes.

STUDY OF VITAL CAPACITY INDICATORS IN UNDERWATER ATHLETES DEPENDING ON THEIR SPECIALIZATION AND TIME PERIOD

Redi Elena Vladimirovna; Tolstopyatov Igor Anatolevich; Konopleva Elena Nikolaevna; Bortnikova Galina Nikolaevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1427-1432

Goal.To study the indicators of vital capacity of the lungs (VEL) of submariners specializing in swimming in the stayer, sprint and underwater disciplines in 2000, 2010, 2020.Materials and methods. The study involved submariners aged 20 to 25 years (10 women and 10 men), in each time period. Each athlete is a member of the national team of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and has a sports category not lower than the candidate for master of sports. The following methods are used in the work: the method of evaluating morphofunctional indicators. Results. Analyzing the indicators of the VEL in the time period, we can note the fact that in 2020 the indicators are higher compared to previous years, which indicates high functional capabilities of the respiratory apparatus. As athletes divers specializing in underwater distances, have the highest rate of VC in comparison with athletes with long-distance runners and sprinters. Conclusion. The data obtained in the course of the study can serve as an effective pedagogical tool in the training of submariners. The study allows us to summarize that women and men who are engaged in underwater sports in 2020 have higher rates of VEL than athletes of 2000 and 2010. Intensive training regimes of highly qualified athletes, in cyclical sports, place increased demands on the external breathing apparatus, and scuba diving is just the kind of sport where the cardiorespiratory system plays a significant role.

Physiological Ergogenic Medicines: Modern Trends Of Application In The Training Of Athletes

Reymbaeva Roza Saparbaevna; Ernazarova Raya Allanazarovna; Orazbaeva Nawbahar Muratbaevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1313-1317

There are various approaches to the classification of ergogenic agents used to improve the physical capabilities of athletes. Mainly, ergogenic agents of five different classes are considered: food, physiological, psychological, pharmacological, mechanical. This article analyzes the results of recent scientific publications concerning the use of physiological ergogenic agents by highly qualified athletes. The study showed that the use of a hyperoxic gas mixture has a directed effect on the functional capabilities of the cardiorespiratory system, optimizing vegetative support. The use of oxygen support before maximum exercise helps to increase the performance of the oxygen transport system, the overall performance of the heart, as well as reduce the limiting capabilities of the respiratory system. Breathing a hyperoxic gas mixture for 20 minutes after maximum exercise accelerates the processes of urgent recovery of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.