Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : healthcare


How Behavioral Change Wheel Strength Self-Control in Health Behaviors?

Saeed Hameed Aldulaimi; Marwan Mohamed Abdeldayem

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 352-367

The purpose of this study is to develop a planned intervention in the health care sector in Bahrain to improve the self-control of healthcare employees by using the Behavioral Change Wheel (BCW) anew method for characterizing and designing behavior change. Hence, the study applies a longitudinal methodology to the healthcare sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain for a sample of 64 participants from November 2019 to January 2020. The procedures of this planned change task occupy three stages, based on Kurt Lewin change field theory: Stage 1 (pre-assessment of employees’self-control using the Brief Self Control Scale (BSCS) questionnaire);Stage 2: planned intervention employing the BCW as a new method of change): and Stage 3 (post assessment by repeating the self-control measurement, and comparing the new results with the previous ones). The findings reveal that the 13Items of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) provided different results over the three stages of the study. In Stage 1 (pre-assessment) the level of self-control level was low, but had improved in stage 3 (post-assessment). This is original research that adds to the body of knowledge by developing and validating a new model in changing human behavior, i.e. the change behavior stages(CBS) model. Practically, this study is the only one of its kind to apply the Brief Self Control Scale (BSCS) and the BCW in the health sector. The BCW has been alsoconfirmed as a “valid” and “reliable” instrument that can be used by future researchers to improve human behavior in organizations.

AN INSIGHT INTO TELEMEDICINE : A REVIEW

Dr. Vino Tito V Kurien; Dr. Mahitha M C; Dr. Suhana Shamsuddeen

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3119-3125

“Tele” is a Greek word meaning “distance” and “mederi” is a Latin word meaning “to heal.” Telemedicine can be defined as the use of telecommunications technologies to provide medical information and services. It is the use of information and communications technology to deliver health care services to people who are some distance from the health care provider. Telemedicine has a wide range of applications in patient care, education, research, administration and public health. It has come a long way in terms of both healthcare delivery and technology. It is a common practice in developed countries; it has been widely used in developing countries to resolve the issues of medical care access. Even though telemedicine cannot resolve all the problems, it can undoubtedly help reduce the burden of the healthcare system to a large extent. In this article, the literature pertinent to telemedicine and its applications are reviewed and summarized.

Evaluating The Use Of Iot For Healthcare Providers In Treating Elderly NCD Patients In Malaysia

Chinnasamy A. Nambi Malarvizhi; Shamima Raihan Manzoor

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 696-705

Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) are one of the major health challenges, which has caused global concern due to their magnitude and high social cost. Industry 4.0 will significantly bring in IoT in the healthcare sector in an age of great growth in connected devices (up to 100 billion by 2030). The COVID-19 pandemic further accentuates the importance of using IoT in healthcare settings for both the providers and NCD patients due to controlled movements and enforced self-isolation throughout the world including Malaysia. In this regard, the improvement of “connected devices” has had a remarkable effect upon the entire healthcare sector and has been noticeably appreciated in “remote clinical monitoring”, “chronic disease management”, “preventive care”, and “assisted living” for senior NCD patients. This study intends to interpret the significance of IoT in connection with wearable technologies and digital healthcare. The study discusses several benefits of IoT like reducing cost, rising profits for the healthcare service providers in Malaysia, a higher level of success and productivity, and precision of “health monitoring and treatment systems”. The insights of this study will help the elderly NCD patients’ community and healthcare providers to recognise the significance of IoT Enabled Health Monitoring and Assistive Systems due to their significant contribution to improving healthcare in the country in the long run.

PUBLIC HEALTH REFORMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Xakimova Xonbuvi Xakimovna; Kushmatova Dildora Ergashovna; Naimova Zaynab Sattarovna; Kurbonov Anvar Alamovich; Kurbonov Xurshid Raxmatullaevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 820-826

The article presents health of human beings and education of health generation on the basis of great state. - Healthcare reforms is one of the main areas of state policy, Shavkat Mirziyoyev said. A particular attention is paid in our country to further improving the healthcare system, stimulating the work of medical workers, wide introduction of modern technologies and treatment methods.

Healthcare Android Application for Patient Data Viewer

J. Josphin Mary; R. Charanya; V. Shanthi; G. Sridevi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 1454-1460
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.09.155

Technology-based health treatment in today's environment is even more important. Doctors tend to track patients in hospitals on an daily basis.The condition of patients operated on must be tracked on an ongoing basis. There could be no extremely qualified physicians in the hospital throughout the day.Now, healthcare systems are technically driven. In recent years, mobile devices and their use have also increased. This article describes the concept and implementation of an Android smartphone device implementation framework for a patient data display system. This device helps doctors to remotely monitor and react to the critical parameters of a patient.

Understanding Clinical Waste Management and the Risk of Cross-Contamination Diseases in Malaysian Public Healthcare Facilities

Marziah Zahar; Fauzuradhi Fazir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3926-3937

Clinical waste management in the hospital plays a considerable role in healthcare facilities, as it serves as the frontline that deals with clinical disposal, where zero cross-contamination exposure to the public must be ensured. In this paper, a preliminary study was conducted to investigate the biohazard container etiquette in a selected Malaysian healthcare facility. The yellow bin is a designated container used to dispose of contaminated clinical waste that could spread pathogenic microorganisms to humans. The findings show that several biohazard bins were positioned in non-restricted pathways containing general plastic, papers, and rejected medical parts. It is assumed that a lot of effort is required to educate both the public and the staff regarding biohazard bin etiquette. To date, more inspections are still being conducted to determine the impact of misusing the biohazard bin. Nevertheless, the authors are currently developing descriptive statistics to investigate the public awareness of biohazard bin etiquette in hospitals. A new strategy to improve clinical waste management sustainability in a healthcare facility is also being proposed

Analyzing Diabetic Data Using Naive-Bayes Classifier

A. Sharmila Agnal; E. Saraswathi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 2687-2699

Approximately 422 million people across the world have diabetes, particularly in countries where the average income is in the middle and lower end of the economic spectrum. Statistics reveal that every year, about 1.6 million deaths are recorded which can be directly attributed to diabetes. The graph suggests that number of cases as well as the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily incrementing over the past few decades. Through this new implementation of the Bayesian Classifier, raw medical data is analyzed and the risk of diabetes diagnosis based on each patient’s medical information can be calculated. The raw data is converted into class labels and the likelihood of a positive potential diabetes case is derived, as a probability (≤1). This can not only be used by healthcare professionals but also by common users, and can be useful in detecting the risk and preventing it in time without taking any medical tests. This classifier uses very basic information that would be known to each patient or can easily be obtained.

Evaluating The Use Of Iot For Healthcare Providers In Treating Elderly NCD Patients In Malaysia

Chinnasamy A. Nambi Malarvizhi; Shamima Raihan Manzoor

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4364-4373

Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) are one of the major health challenges, which has caused global concern due to their magnitude and high social cost. Industry 4.0 will significantly bring in IoT in the healthcare sector in an age of great growth in connected devices (up to 100 billion by 2030). The COVID-19 pandemic further accentuates the importance of using IoT in healthcare settings for both the providers and NCD patients due to controlled movements and enforced self-isolation throughout the world including Malaysia. In this regard, the improvement of “connected devices” has had a remarkable effect upon the entire healthcare sector and has been noticeably appreciated in “remote clinical monitoring”, “chronic disease management”, “preventive care”, and “assisted living” for senior NCD patients. This study intends to interpret the significance of IoT in connection with wearable technologies and digital healthcare. The study discusses several benefits of IoT like reducing cost, rising profits for the healthcare service providers in Malaysia, a higher level of success and productivity, and precision of “health monitoring and treatment systems”. The insights of this study will help the elderly NCD patients’ community and healthcare providers to recognise the significance of IoT Enabled Health Monitoring and Assistive Systems due to their significant contribution to improving healthcare in the country in the long run.