Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : COVID


INDIA‘s Warfare with COVID - The Invisible Enemy

Nerella Sameera; V.S.R.Pavan Kumar. Neeli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 9-16

Approximately one year back (December, 2019) CORONA virus born and vibrates the world rigorously, affects many people lives, taught many lessons, habitats new manners, new lifestyles, etc. The whole world suddenly turns into the dark side. This research paper discusses the scenario of covid outbreak in the world specifically in India with emphasis on the measures taken by the Indian government in fighting with the covid, the economic impact of covid in India, the helping hands during covid crisis, and the positive side of the covid.

Clinical and neurological factors in the formation of an individual predisposition to COVID-associated ischemic stroke

Dilbar T. Khodjieva; Bekzod Sh. Kazakov; Khaydarova D. Kadirovna; Khaydarov N. Kadirovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5776-5779

Providing the population with high-quality and affordable medical care is an important and priority area of healthcare in Uzbekistan. The planned dissertation work is devoted to the development and improvement of diagnostic and rehabilitation measures taking into account risk factors, clinical course and differential diagnosis of this pathology. The data obtained during the study lead to an improvement in the quality of life of patients with this pathology. This determines the priority areas of research and development in the Republic.

A DETAILS REVIEW OF SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME

Dr..Gomathi M; Dr.Jaikumar S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5619-5626

The causative agent of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has omnipresent worldwide spread, infecting more than two million people and causing over 150,000 deaths worldwide, resulting in devastating global health emergencies. Extreme acute respiratory syndrome 2 (sarkozydia) Early in its global expansion, the COVI-19 pandemic was further fuelled by insufficient access to laboratory research. Real-time RT-PCR Diagnostic Panel was the first test obtained from the US Food and Drug Administration on February 4, 2020, by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2019–Novel Coronavirus (2019–nCoV)1–3. This test was therefore introduced by a significant number of public health and clinical labs in the USA. Many manufacturers of commercial instruments then obtained EUAs for molecular SARS-CoV-2 identification. However, producers also assign reagents. Many of the clinical laboratories have therefore used several platforms to satisfy research criteria.

A REVIEW OF WASTE MANAGEMENT DURING PROTECTION KITS AND OTHER MATERIAL

Dr.Srinivasan R Emeritus; Dr. Kumaravel S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5636-5644

In recent months, the dissemination of the COVID-19 pandemic across the world was worrying. The use of face mask is important in order to slow down the rate of transmission of COVID-19 to humans, according to guidelines from the World Health Organisation (WHO). The use and manufacture of facial masks and other components (gloves, facial protectors, protection suits, safety shoes), made of polymeric materials like antiviral textiles, most of whom end in microplastic ponds, has been dramatically increased by this pandemic. The South America focus reflects an environmental issue, the use and mismanagement of this form of personal protective apparatus (PPE) 1,2. In addition, the use of plastics in a single use is being increased and the plastic recycling is being decreased as a result of the pandemic curfew, more waste from plastic is exacerbating on coasts and beaches. Researchers have recently developed nano-particles Ag and Cu for PPE antiviral polymeric textile technology to reduce contamination and spread of COVID-19. Antiviral polymer waste may, since they are a big emerging class of pollutants, have a long-term detrimental impact on marine ecosystems. This research also focuses on the broader use of plastics in beaches and the coast, which could raise the risks to aquatic organisms in the coming years, as well as the possibilities of the COVID-19 pandemic. The possible effects of the pandemic on waste management programmes and future study recommendations to develop adaptive coastal management policies are also discussed3,4.

Knowledge, Awareness And Practice Of Dental Practitioners Regarding COVID-19 Pandemic- A Cross-Sectional Study

Anmol Bagaria; Shivam Bhardwaj; Ritu Sharma; Vaishali .; Vipul Anand; Pratik Prakash Bumb

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4625-4630

Background: The present study was conducted to assess knowledge, awareness and
practice of dental practitioners regarding COVID-19 pandemic.
Materials & Methods: 240 dental practitioners of both genders were provided with a
questionnaire regarding knowledge and practice regarding COVID-19 pandemic.
Results: 80% showed that SARS-CoV-2 is the cause of COVID- 19. 85% replied that 2-14
days is the incubation period of Covid- 19, 75% correctly replied that 6.8 % is the
incubation period for COVID- 19 and 82% replied that rRT-PCR is the laboratory test
available for detection of COVID- 19. 80% replied yes in order to provide treatment to
infected patients and 10% replied no. In response to question whether masks, head cap and
sanitizer protect against virus, 74% replied yes, 18% replied no and 8% replied don’t know.
The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Dental practitioners had sufficient knowledge, awareness and practice
regarding COVID-19 pandemic.

AN INVESTIGATION OF DENTAL DISEASES AND TECHNIQUES FOR ADVANCEMENTS IN DENSTISTRY

Dr.Maunika M; Dr. Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5701-5706

When Coronavirus Disease 19 appeared in 2019, the public was renewedly worried about the spread of aeronautical and aerosolized viruses. Many contradictory dialogues on which types of personal safeguards defend dentists and patients better against viral exposure follow this issue. In this comprehensive analysis, we carry out a thorough and critical evaluation of face masks and face shields, some of the personal protections most widely prescribed against viral infection.
The roles and practises of most popular types of masks in odontology are described: operation masks, operative masks, and respiratory masks are filtered (also called N95s). Following this would be the crucial evaluation of masks used on the basis of an analysis of the recorded proven results in three main areas: the extent to which each type of mask is demonstrated to defend against airborne and aerosolized environments, the recorded possibility that masks are not acceptable and risk factors for both correct and incorrect use of masks1–3. Our examination finished with some realistic, evidentiary guidance for use in dentistry and dental clinics using this material.

Effect Of Geographical Conditions In The Spread Of N-Cov Disease- A Review

G. Nivedhita; Dr.Smiline Girija; Dr.M.P. Brundha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2868-2878

Proper environmental conditions are required for the survival of any living organism. Similarly even spread/transmission of a micro-organism is affected by environmental and geographical conditions. Viruses are microorganisms meaning below 10 microns in diameter. They contain RNA/DNA genome, nucleocapsid, and a protein coat. Though small in size, viruses are capable of causing unimaginable complications to our health. Majority of the viruses are known to be affected by the geographical conditions they exist in making them capable of surviving on the surface for many hours to periods. Geographical conditions like temperature, humidity, methodological changes, change in latitude by host etc have a great impact on the survival and transmission of pathogenic virus. This review thus highlights the various parameters in the geographical habitat influencing the existence and transmission of the viruses.

Pseudo Bulbar Palsy a Rare NEURO-COVID Presentation

Ahmed Rgeeb; Samer Al-Mudhafer; Hasanain A. Al-Saffar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 115-120

Background: The Global pandemic of COVID-19 with more than half million people passed away from their families tragically, wide variety of signs and symptoms resulted from this Novel SARS Cov2 virus. Although the respiratory and Gastro-intestinal symptoms are dominant, however, neurological symptoms whether specific or nonspecific have been reported. Till now the extents of knowledge regarding the neurological sequel of COVID-19 infection are finite. Pseudo Bulbar Palsy is a neurological disease characterised by dysarthria, dysphagia, facial and tongue weakness in addition to emotional liability resulted from an upper motor neuron lesion in the corticoid bulbar tracts. Peripheral neuropathy, Demyelisation and vascularise are underlying aetiologies. This will result in deglutition, and speech disturbance. Case presentation: 60 years old male from Najaf, went to the emergency department with three days history of drowsiness and anorexia after COVID-19 related fever and myalgias. He had significant risk factors. He had 2 weeks fever following a contact with COVID-19 patient. Examination revealed drowsiness, dehydration, the patient was not aware for time and place, eye refluxes was symmetrical. The face was normal with exaggerated jaw jerk CT of the chest showed evidence of COVID-19 infection confirmed by positive PCR. Brain CT showed only brain atrophy without signs of localised ischemia. Farther blood investigations confirm activity of infection. During this the patient developed tonic clonic convulsion required anticonvulsant therapy; he remained semiconscious, with difficulty to swallow and dysarthria, Irritability, drowsiness and disorientation. He received anticoagulant, Steroids, mannitol. The condition improved and the patient discharged in better condition with two weeks anticoagulation. Discussion: this is a story for a rare complication belong to COVID-19 infection, treated as a stroke, as mention in literatures, many recorded cases of Neurocovid that required treatment accordingly. Conclusion: neurological symptoms of COVID-19are extreme and might be nonspecific but some time life threatening, these might overlap severe infection. The improvement in the neurological sequel overlap the COVID-19 improvement both clinical aspect and investigation.

The COVID-19 Pandemic and Impact on the Cardiovascular Disease Patient: Special Emphasis on Rheumatic Valvular Heart Disease Care

K Prashanth; M Manjappa; A Srinivas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 10-13

The COVID-19 crisis has surged worldwide putting immense stress on the health care services, leading to institutions deferring elective procedures and struggling to triage the emergency care of the cardiac patient. This has affected the management of the rheumatic valvular heart disease patient especially in Asia and other developing countries, potentially placing these patients at enormous risk for complications like congestive cardiac failure, stroke and death. In this current review, we explore the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the cardiovascular disease patient with special emphasis on rheumatic valvular heart disease care. We try to provide a framework that address the procedural considerations of interventions like percutaneous transluminal mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) and mitral and aortic valve surgeries. We also highlight the implications for the outpatient valve clinic and address the safety issues of the patient and health care workers during this on-going COVID-19 pandemic.