Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : spirometry


Dr. Anchit Gugnani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1407-1435

has been routinely considered a part of the perioperative
respiratory therapy strategies to prevent or treat complications. Incentive spirometry is
designed to mimic natural sighing or yawning by encouraging the patient to take long, slow,
deep breaths. People living with chronic lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD), COVID 19, emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis, experience similar lung
disease symptoms. Shortness of breath and decreased lung function make breathing difficult.
Sometimes, doctors recommend their patients use an incentive spirometer. Incentive
spirometers are prescribed after surgery or as part of a lung disease treatment plan. Here are
the facts you need to know about incentive spirometry benefits

A comparative study of spirometry between priests who were exposed to smoke from fire rituals and normal individuals

Sangolli Basavaraj; Ghodageri Shruti; Sharma Vishnu; Noojibail Anupama; Kini Rekha D; Chatterjee Pratik Kumar; Shiva Rashmi K; Shetty Sneha B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 38-45

Introduction:In India, fire rituals (Homa) are commonly performed during religious functions.Some amount of smoke is generated during this ritual. Prolonged exposure to the smoke may lead to lung function abnormalities. However, there is a scarcity of literature on this aspect.
Aims and objectives:To find the spirometricabnormalities if any, in a group of priests who were exposed to smoke during fire ritual, in comparison with normal healthy volunteers
Materials and methods:This was a cross-sectional case control study with 57 cases and 57 controls. Priests who regularly performed fire rituals, at least 3-4 times per month for more than five years were cases. All casesand controls in thisstudy were male respondents. Controls wereage-matched normal, healthy adults without any history of exposure to the fire ritual. In both groups, those with pre-existing lung diseases and smokers were
excluded. FEV1, FVC, FEV1/ FVC Ratio, PEFR, Forced expiratory flow 25 - 75 % were analysed.
Results: Out of 57 cases, 3 cases had obstructive pattern, 11 had restrictive pattern and majority (43) had normal spirometry values. Among control group, 9 had mild restriction. 48 have normal spirometric values, none showed obstructive abnormality.Data was analysed using Independent student T testin Microsoft Office Excel 2007.When each of these spirometry parameters were compared between two groups, the mean difference of FEV-1, FVC, FEV-1/FVC and FEF 25-75 were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Exposure to smoke generated from fire rituals did not show any lung function abnormality in thisstudy.