Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : NSAIDs


Significant endoscopic findings and the probable associated factors in dyspeptic patients: A cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care hospital, rural Mandya

Dr. Yamuna VS, Dr. Sachin K, Dr. Selva Rani, Dr. Veena Ghanteppagol, Dr. Ullas Mahesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 382-390

Introduction: Dyspepsia is the most common gastrointestinal problem. Majority of dyspepsia is functional dyspepsia. Due to the high prevalence of dyspepsia, inappropriate use of upper GI Endoscopy can lead to unnecessary costs, risk of complications, and associated with reduced diagnostic yield.
Objectives:

To determine the prevalence of significant endoscopic finding (SEF) and H.Pylori in dyspeptic patients.
To determine the response of dyspeptic patients to PPIs and H.pylori eradication therapy.
To assess the factors predicting SEF in dyspeptic patients.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted for a period of 18 months among 100 patients with dyspepsia at department of general surgery of a tertiary care hospital. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire by interview technique. The study subjects were subjected to upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy during which biopsies were taken and sent for routine histopathology examination. Descriptive and inferential statistics has been carried out in the present study. A P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 45.13±14.06 years. Pain abdomen was the commonest (82.0%) alarm symptom of dyspepsia and 64.0% of those with dyspepsia were smokers and 61.0% were alcoholics. Overall prevalence of significant endoscopic finding (SEF) was 36.0% and duodenal ulcer (22.0%) was the commonest of all. 71.0% revealed H.pylori infection and at least 90.0% responded well to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and triple drug therapy. Among the different factors, bloating or belching was found to be significantly associated with the SEF.
Conclusion: The prevalence of SEF was 36.0% and H.pylori was 71.0%. Most of them i.e. 90.0% responded both clinically and microbiologically to the treatment and bloating or belching was a significant alarm symptom associated with SEF. A trial of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and triple drug therapy can be considered before subjecting the patients to the invasive procedure of endoscopy.

ASSESSMENT OF ROLE OF PRP IN MANAGEMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

Dr. Sumit Pal Singh, Dr. Manmeet Singh , Dr. Shubham Pandoh, Dr. Anil Gupta, Dr. Nitish Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2382-2386

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, non-inflammatory rheumatologic disease which affects the synovial joints. The present study was conducted to assess the role of PRP in management of osteoarthritis of the knee.
Materials & Methods: 65 patients of osteoarthritis of the knee of both genders were enrolled.
Cartilage thicknesses were measured radiologically by ultrasound before and at third and sixth months after treatment. The severity of pain was evaluated by using VAS.
Results: Out of 65 patients, males were 30 and females were 35. Right side was involved in 34 cases and left in 31 cases. The mean VAS before treatment was 5.4, after 3 months it was 2.3 and after 6 months it was 0.8. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). The mean cartilage thickness before treatment was 0.5 mm, after 3 months was 0.7 mm and after 6 months it was 0.8 mm. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: PRP is found to be effective in management of cases of osteoarthritis of the knee.