Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : consolidation

Typical and atypical chest CT findings in COVID–19 RTPCR positive patients

Dr GauravGarg,Dr Mayank Chauhan, Dr Sakshi Kohli, Dr Bindu Agarwal, Dr Gaurav Gupta, Dr Abhijeet Dixit

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1907-1915

Introduction:COVID-19 usually manifests clinically as pneumonia with predominant
imaging findings of an atypical or organizing pneumonia. The standard technique for
confirming COVID-19 is molecular testing by RT-PCR however chest imaging by CT scan
can show signs of pneumonia in patients with negative RT-PCR and results can be achieved
significantly faster, thus offering a potential role in supporting rapid decision making. CT
scan has been shown to have more sensitivity than RT-PCR and Chest X-ray. CT Severity
scoring also helps in better assessment of severity of disease.
Aim:To estimate typical and atypical chest CT findings in COVID-19 RTPCR positive
patients for better assessment of the role of chest CT in COVID-19 management.
Materials andMethods:100 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were included in study.
Findings like ground glass haze (GGO), reticulations, crazy paving appearance,
consolidation, subpleural curvilinear line, bronchiectasis, subpleural transparent line, vascular
enlargement, mediastinal lymphadenopathy, nodules, pleural effusion, Inverted halo sign,
Halo sign and pericardial effusion were documented in them and analysis was done.
Results:The typical Chest CT features present in our COVID-19 cases were GGO in 93
patients (93%), reticulations in 71 patients (71%), crazy paving appearance in 59 patients
(59%), consolidation in 47 patients (47%), subpleural curvilinear line in 39 patients (39%),
bronchiectasis in 37 patients (37%) and subpleural transparent line in 30 patients (30%). Most
cases had bilateral (98%), peripheral (57%) and patchy involvement (86%) by GGO and
lower lobe predominance (55%) by consolidation.
Conclusion:GGO, reticulations, crazy paving and consolidation involving bilateral lung, in a
peripheral and patchy distribution with lower lobe predilection are the typical findings on
chest CT in COVID-19. Chest CT scan may act as a quick diagnostic tool with high
sensitivity taking into consideration that almost all COVID-19 patients demonstrate typical

Study of High-Resolution Computed Tomography Findings in Covid -19

Prashanth Chikkahonnaiah, Varshini J., Abdullah K. K., Suhail Azham Khan,Sanjay P.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 4778-4787

Background:Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by a novel corona virus
called SARS-CoV. Reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test
remains the reference standard to make a definitive diagnosis. However few COVID-19
patients with pulmonary involvement on computed tomography have negative results of
RT-PCR, owing to limitation of nucleic acid detection technologies, sampling errors and
low virus load. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the key features of HRCT
imaging in patients with COVID 19. Aims and objectives: To study various HRCT
findings in COVID 19 patients.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was done from January 2021 to June 2021
at department of Respiratory medicine at tertiary care hospital in Mysore. The study
included 100 patients who were laboratory confirmed cases of Covid 19 and who were
subjected to HRCT chest as per guidelines.
Results: In our study, we found that, 24 (24%) patients had 0 lobe involvement and the
rest 75 (75%) had at least one lobe being involved. 48 (48%) patients had all 5 lobes
involved. Of the 76 patients, who had abnormality in HRCT, showed sub pleural 48
(63.1%) involvement, Centro parenchymal involvement in 2 (2.6%), both were involved
in 26 (34.2%).The most common pattern being GGOs with or without consolidation
with a total distribution of (71%), other findings included to be interseptal thickening
[22%], pure consolidation with air bronchogram [8%], nodular thickening [3%],
cavities [3%].
Conclusion: Presence of GGO with or without consolidation should be considered as a
strong suspicion of COVID 19 and patients be treated accordingly.


Dr Rakesh Gujjar, Dr Hemant Kumar, Dr Himani Mavi, Dr Neha Bidhuri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 11430-11435

Background: Chest diagnostic imaging has a primary relevance in the diagnosis and severity assessment of COVID-19 together with clinical manifestations. The present study was conducted to assess HRCT chest to screen symptomatic primary contacts of COVID-19.
Materials & Methods: 48symptomatic primary contacts ofCOVID 19 patientsof both genders were enrolled. All underwent both chest CT imaging and laboratory virus nucleic acid test (RT-PCR assay with Nasopharyngeal swab samples).
Results: Out of 48 patients, males were 28 and females were 20. Breathlessness was present in 12, cough in 32, fever in 26, diarrhoea in 7, sore throat in 13, bronchial asthma in 8 and diabetes in 4 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). The time interval between chest CT scan and RT PCR assay was 2.1 days. Results of RT PCR assay was positive        in 30 days and negative in 18 days. Chest CT showed consistent with viral pneumonia (positive) in 40 cases and no CT findings of viral pneumonia in 8 cases. It showed consolidation in 12, ground glass opacityin 24 and reticulation/thickened interlobular septa in 4 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Chest CT should be considered for the COVID-19 screening, symptomatic primary contacts of COVID 19 in epidemic areas particularly where access to RT PCR testing is difficult.


Dr. Meda Srinivasa Rao; Dr. Venkateswararao. Podile; Dr.Durgaprasad Navvula

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1010-1018

Banking is a backbone for economic progress of any country, India is not an exception. After Nationalisation till liberalisation the progress of banking industry mainly focused on public sector banks. After liberalisation private sector banks has played an important role for the progress of Indian economy. Government of India initiated diverse structural reforms in line with global banking industry such as implementation of Basel norms, listing in stock exchanges, automation of operational activities, consolidation of selected public sector banks , as a part of financial inclusion Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), National Investment and Infrastructure (NIIF), allowing to operate small and payments banks and others. The current study highlights risk and return of banking stocks which are part of Nifty index between 2 periods which includes period1, the UPA government (2010 to 2014) and period2, the NDA government (2015 to 2019). It also examines the pattern of return and risk of banking stocks between two periods and relates different policy decisions. The study used different statistical techniques like Return, Average return, Standard deviation, Variance and Beta. Coefficient of variation analysis is to understanding the relationship between two periods risk and return of banking stocks.


Shoira Djabbarova; Mastura Tadjieva; Ra'no Mardonova; Guzal Turaeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 291-296

the article deals with the issues based on analyzing the efficiency of problem based learning and it’s organizational process in teaching. Problem-based learning consists in creating (organizing) problem situations, understanding, accepting and resolving these situations in the process of joint activities of the student and teacher with the maximum independence of the first and guiding guidance of the second. Such activities develop students' interest, satisfaction with the educational process, activation of the need for self-actualization and, as well as helps to form a creative personality.


Zevara Karimova; Yakshimurat Kurambaev; Zulkhumor Jumaeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2463-2468

Abstract. More often, the injuries happenas a result of direct trauma, and are rarely
caused by non-direct actiontraumatic force. The definition of tarano-calcaneus corner and
higher index (rentgenological) has great influence on diagnostics and on curing calcaneus
bones in children.On moderate displacement, closed reposition with the skeleton stretching
or compression apparatus distinction osteosinthesis is recommended.On crude
displacement, it is recommended to perform operative treatment and replace defects of
bones bytissues free auto-transplantation