Keywords : FACS
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1232-1253
Emotions are very present in our daily life. They are manifested by physiological reactions (palpitations, heat, and acceleration of the pulse), motor reactions (gestural expressions, facial expressions) and changes in the voice. The complexity of emotions was capable to seek attention of various researchers. Differing representations of emotions were then proposed to produce a set of theories. The automation of facial expression detection can then be approached in a variety of ways. We concentrated on the face expression detection. Concerning to this the recognition is based on different visual characteristics of the expression.
This paper is dedicated at first to the exhibition of the definition of emotions, followed by the great theories that have emerged in this area. In a second step, we present the methods of extraction of the facial characteristics and the methods of selection. Finally, some databases used for automatic recognition of emotions are presented.