Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Rhematoid Arthrits Effects Associated with Hypovitaminosis K

Amal Bakry Ahmed MD, HaidyZedan MD, Shimaa Mostafa MD, NesmaSmedaSeliman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4288-4298

Background:Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive inflammatory autoimmune disease with
articular and systemic effects. Its exact cause is unknown, but genetic and environmental
factors are contributory. Although some patients have mild self-limited disease, many
experience joint destruction, severe physical disability and multiple co-morbidities. T cells, B
cells and the interaction of pro-inflammatory cytokines play key roles in the pathophysiology of
RA.In addition to the effect of vitamin K on blood coagulation, several studies have indicated
the important role of vitamin K in bone metabolism and bone protection. Vitamin K functions as
a coenzyme for vitamin K-dependent carboxylase, an enzyme required for the synthesis of
proteins involved in hemostasis (blood clotting) and bone metabolism.Matrix Gla-protein, a
vitamin K-dependent protein present in vascular smooth muscle, bone, and cartilage, is the
focus of considerable scientific research because it might help reduce abnormal calcification.
Osteocalcin is another vitamin K-dependent protein that is present in bone and may be involved
in bone mineralization or turnover. There is evidence of a correlation between low serum levels
of vitamin k and a high incidence of femoral neck and vertebral fractures