Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : There is evidence of impairment in the cognitive functioning of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) despite inconsistencies


Prevalence and correlates of cognitive impairment among OCD patients

Ghada Mohamed Salah El-Deen., Yasser Mohamed Ali RayaM.D. , Doha Saad El Sayed Abo Hellwa, Abdallah Saad Ibrahem

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4392-4403

Background: There is evidence of impairment in the cognitive functioning of patients with
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) despite inconsistencies. Although several confounding
factors have been investigated to explain the conflicting results, the findings remain mixed.
This study aimed to investigate cognitive dysfunction in patients with OCD using a metaanalytic
approach. Aim and Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the cognition in
OCD and its relation with CRP, ESR levels Subjects and methods: This research was a casecontrol
study one conducted on 120 subjects (60 OCD patients and 60 control subjects) cases
were subjected to clinical diagnosis of OCD using Structured Clinical Interview according to
DSM-5, and all subjects were submitted to Yale- Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, Beck
anxiety inventory, MoCA, ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate) and, CRP blood
sampling.Results:No statistical significance differences between cases and control group in
demographic data or frequency of smoking. There was a statistical significance increase in
frequency of impairment among urban resident and non-working cases. There was no
statistical significance relation between Montreal Cognitive Assessment results and Yale
Brown OCD Scale, Beck anxiety inventory but there was a statistical significant increase in
frequency of sever beck depression inventory among the impaired cognitive cases. There was a
statistical significance negative correlation between MOCA score and all ESR 1st, ESR 2nd,
CRP, YBOCS and BDI. Conclusion: Patients with OCD appear to have cognitive deficits.
Cognitive function in OCD patient was correlated with ESR,CRP, YBOCS and BDI scores.
ESR CRP can be used in diagnosis of cognitive function in OCD.