Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Oropharyngeal carcinoma

Assessment of risk of HPV infection and oropharyngeal carcinoma

Dr.Ritika Agarwal, Dr.Ranjan Kumar, Dr.Archana Kumari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1474-1477

Background:Head and neck cancer, which includes tumours that arise from the oral
cavity, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx and sinonasal tract, represents a serious health
care problem in many parts of the world, and ranks as the sixth most common cancer
worldwide.The present study was conducted to assess risk of HPV infection and
oropharyngeal carcinoma.
Materials & Methods: 78patients of oral cancer of both genderswere enrolled. Body mass
index (BMI) was calculated. Frequency and amount of alcohol consumption (ml) were
recorded. 5 ml venous blood sample was obtained for the assessment of antibodies to
HPV16 E6.
Results: Out of 78 patients, males were 58 and females were 20.HPV E 16 E16
serologypositive was seen in 50 and negative in 28, BMI was normal in 26, underweight in
38, poor in 14. Stage I and II was seen in 17, III in 36 and IVin 25. Alcoholism>2 was seen
in 52 and <2 in 26. Smoking >10 was seen in 40 and <10 in 38. Dental carewas good seen
in 15, moderate in 38 and poor in 25.
Conclusion: Common risk factors for oropharyngeal carcinoma was HPV, overweight,
stage III and IV, alcoholism, smoking and poor oral hygiene.