Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : internal disc derangement


Assessment of tinnitus in patients with internal derangement of TMJ

Dr.Archana Kumari, Dr.Ranjan Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1478-1481

Background: Tinnitus has been shown to be strongly associated with anxiety and
depression. The present study was conducted to assess tinnitus in patients with internal
derangement of TMJ.
Materials & Methods:170 patients with complaint of tinnitus referred for arthrographic
examination of the TMJ were enrolled in the study. Disk positions were diagnosed as
normal superior position, anterior disk displacement with reduction or anterior disk
displacement without reduction. Symptoms such as tinnitus and blockage sensation in the
ear was recorded. Tinnitus was recorded as absent or present
Results: Out of 170 patients, males were 100 and females were 70. Tinnitus was present in
130 and absent in 40. Location of pain was TMJ in 80, lower lateral face in 20, bac of eye
in 10 and temporal region in 20 cases. Other findings were painful chewing in 35, stressful
life in 42, limited mouth opening in 78 and bruxism in 40 cases. The difference was
significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There was high rate of tinnitus in patients with internal disc derangement of
TMJ.