Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : hypertensive


A study on association of serum uric acid and blood pressure in hypertensive patients at a tertiary hospital

Premaraja R, Bethiun S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2013-2019

Background: Hypertension is an increasing important medical and public health issue. Uric acid exerts a pro-inflammatory effect on endothelial cells which may be associated with MetS risk factors such as elevated triglyceride (TG) levels, hypertension and insulin resistance.5 Present study was aimed to study of association of serum uric acid and blood pressure in hypertensive patients at a tertiary hospital.
Material and Methods: Present study was prospective, comparative, observational study, conducted among cases (Subjects of either gender, age >18 years, diagnosed as hypertensive (first time) were enrolled in this study during a regular routine health check-up at general medicine OPDs) & controls (Age & gender matched normotensives subjects at general medicine OPDs).
Results: In present study, 100 subjects each were studied in hypertensive as well as normotensive group. Mean levels of age, gender, BMI & co-morbidities among both groups were comparable & difference was not significant statistically. Mean pulse rate & respiratory rate were comparable among both groups & difference was not significant statistically. The mean levels of SBP and DBP were significantly more in the hypertensive subjects as compared to normotensive subjects (p < 0.001). In present study, prevalence of hyperuricemia was 9% (1% in normotensive and 8% in hypertensive subjects). Hypertensive subjects had increased mean levels of SUA than in the normotensive subjects (p < 0.001). In Pearson’s correlation coefficient test, SUA levels were significantly related with SBP and DBP (p < 0.001). The average level of TG and HDL were also significantly different between the groups (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: A stronger co-relationship for higher levels of SUA concentration was noted with blood pressure hypertension and prehypertension in the participants.

Effect of chronic disease diabetes and hypertensive on prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss

Jainam Shah, Aguilera-Alvarez Victor H, Rita Grande, OladipoOdeyinka,Muhammad Subhan, Anusha Manoj Kallamvalappil, Isaac Bahai Arthur, MD

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1556-1559

Background:Hearing is an essential part of how we communicate with others and become
aware of sounds that happen in our immediate environment. The present study was
conducted to assess sensorineural hearing loss in diabetes and hypertensive patients.
Materials & Methods: 120 subjects of both genders were divided into 3 groups. Group I
had diabetics, group II had hypertensive and group II had control subjects. General ear
examination was done using otoscopy. Hearing function, degree, form, and configuration
of any hearing loss, were determined through a general ear examination and Pure Tone
Audiometry.
Results: Group I had 22 males and 18 females, group II had 16 males and 24 females and
group III had 15 males and 25 females. Normal hearing loss was observed in 25% in group
I, 26% in group II and 85% in group III, mild hearing loss was observed in 75% in group
I, 50% in group II and 15% in group III and moderate hearing loss was observed in 24%
in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There was more hearing loss in diabetics and hypertensive subjects as
compared to healthy individuals.