Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : systemic diseases


PERIODONTAL HEALTH: A BIGGER ROLE IN GERIATRICS

Selvakumar Jayaraman; Jaideep Mahendra; Little Mahendra; Shruthi Chandrasekaran; Revathi Kasturi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 1045-1052
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.09.107

Geriodontology refers to the field of dentistry that mainly encompasses diagnosis, treatment and prevention of oral diseases and conditions in the elderly individuals. With increasing life expectancy attributed to the developments in the field of medicine, there is concomitant increase in the comorbidities and complications in the older population. In the dental perspective, increased attrition of teeth, xerostomia induced dental caries, chronic periodontal diseases and partial edentulousness are the most frequently encountered problems. The management in these instances requires additional considerations, keeping in mind the presence or absence of other systemic diseases, age and the social and environmental factors. In order to provide efficient treatment and also to encourage their constant maintenance protocols,a multimodal treatment planning has to be designed and dentists must be specifically educated and specialised in dealing with the geriatric patients. This review paper highlights the various aspects on periodontal management of geriatric patients with few futuristic suggestions in order to improve their oral healthcare in this phase of life.

Type of article: Review article Title of the article: MICROBIOME IN HEALTH AND DISEASED

Dr. N. Anitha; Dr. A.M. Sherene Christina Roshini; Dr.N.Aravindha Babu; Dr. E. Rajesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1486-1491

Microbes continue to live on and within human beings. Intestinal microbial imbalance has a close relationship with human health and disease. This review article targets on the communication between human microbiome and host in order to provide an overview of the microbial role in biological processes and in major human diseases such as infectious diseases, liver diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, metabolic diseases, respiratory diseases, mental or psychological diseases, and autoimmune diseases. Hence research is necessary for understanding the role of microbiome in health and disease which pave the way for treatment approaches in clinical practice

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ORAL CANCER

Yandeti Srinivasulu; Abdul Wahab; Senthil Murugan.P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1006-1015

Oral cancer is one of the most common major debilitating diseases affecting the world community.It is one the most commonest form of cancer in south asia especially countries like India,pakistan,bangladesh are most affected.This occurs mainly due to habits like smoking,gutkha and paan chewing and areca nut.most of people affected were between age groups third and sixth decades,so they are also prone for the systemic diseases.this will further complicate both the treatment plan,treatment.added to this, their postoperative complications and prognosis all depends on comorbid conditions like systemic diseases.so the aim of the study is identify the prevalence and risk factors associated with oral cancer .This is an Retrospective study.In this study a total 86000 patients records were analysed and after fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria,a total of 53 patients from Department of Oral Oncology , Saveetha Dental College, who were diagnosed as oral cancer were considered for this study.Subjective and objective observations are recorded that includes age, gender, habits and systemic diseases of oral cancer patients. Period of study is from June 2019 to March 2020.All the datas of the patients were reviewed by an external reviewer and were tabulated.Statistics done with Chi Square test using SPSS.The results obtained in this study indicates that habits 39% and systemic diseases 45% were associated with oral cancer.Habits and systemic diseases are strongly correlated with oral cancer, these are risk factors for prevalence of oral cancer. Within the limitations of the study there are significant risk factors like habits and systemic diseases that are associated with the causation of oral cancer which has direct implications on the severity of disease and this will also enable us to pave the way for providing better comprehensive treatment for oral cancer.

PREVALENCE OF SYSTEMIC DISEASE IN COMPLETELY EDENTULOUS PATIENTS

Chithambara Shathviha Palaniappan; Dhanraj Ganapathy; Mebin George Mathew

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1263-1268

Generic systemic disability questions the success rate of the complete denture. Systemic factors are main determinants for prognosis of denture. Most complete denture age groups have contributing health causes.Most individuals in the entire denture age group are likely to have health conditions leading to denture difficulties. The general health status of the patient, host resistance and the systemic factors are the main determinants of the denture 's prognosis. A total of 372 patients were taken and analysed for systemic diseases in complete denture wearers.The study was done under university setting.The results were analysed using SPSS software version 20 by IBM. The result observed is that the prevalence of systemic disease is less in completely edentulous patients.From the present study it was observed that the presence of systemic disease completely edentulous patients is 38..17%.Additional care should be maintained while treating those patients.