Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Health related quality of life

Evaluation of Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of auto-rickshaw drivers in Kanchipuram, India: A cross-sectional study

Suresh Rajendiran, MDS

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1631-1644

The impact of oral diseases on the quality of life is well documented in literature. Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) is a multidimensional idea which can be defined as a person’s assessment of how oral health affects quality of life related to oral functioning, psychological well-being, social well-being as well as pain / discomfort. Auto-rickshaw drivers are a ubiquitous and unique community of people with long and often irregular work hours. Even though there are lot of studies evaluating the oral health status, oral hygiene practices, oral habits etc of auto-rickshaw drivers in India, studies on OHRQoL are rare
To evaluate the Oral Health Quality of Life of auto-rickshaw drivers in Kanchipuram, India and thereby assess the treatment needs and form a baseline value for further evaluations.
Materials and Methods
Descriptive cross sectional study was done using the short form of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire comprising of 14 closed ended questions and the 3 basic demographic data were administered to the auto-rickshaw drivers
The mean age of the participants was 40.86 years. The mean OHIP-14 score in this study was 18.5 out of a maximum possible score of 56. OHIP-14 score increases with age.
Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that the auto rickshaw drivers have oral health issues that increase with age affecting their quality of life that need comprehensive oral and general examination to assess the full extent of the oral health status and treatment needs

Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life and Socio-Demographic Determinants Associated with Orthopaedic Trauma Patients

Daifallah Alharbi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4633-4642

In Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,preventable injuries are the second leading cause of death, accounting for about a fifth of all reported fatalities in the country. During the last decade, the importance of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been recognized as a principal outcome of these traumatic injuries. Hence this study is being carried out to assess the outcome and to determine the factors associated with it. Methodology: All the Patients attending orthopaedic department of King Khalid General hospital, Al Majmaah with history of trauma in the past 2 years were included in the study. After obtaining Verbal consent from the study subjects data was collected by an orthopaedic surgeon. SF-36 questionnaire was used to collect information on Health Related Quality of Life. Qualitative variables are expressed as frequency and percentages and Quantitative variables are expressed as median and range. For comparison between groups Chi-Square test was applied. Significance level is fixed as 5% (p<0.05). Results: Total 152 study subjects participated in this study, 135 (88.8%) among them were from Saudi, 93 (61.2%) were, most of them 36 (23.6%) belonged to 11-20 years age group. The median HRQOL score in this study was 59.25(25), it was highest for the domain “pain” [67.5(34)] and “GH” [67.5(65)] when compared to other domains. HRQOL scores were more among those from non-Saudi [54.22(34.17)], for females [56.85(31.87)], for those in the age group between 1-10 years [72.54(26.22)], for those with sprains [61.06(29.65)], for those with sport injuries [63.75(35.14)] and for those in whom duration since injury was 21-24 months [61.67(23)]. Conclusion: In this study, SF- 36 served as a simple and an easy tool to assess the health-related quality of life of post orthopaedic trauma patients. All the socio-demographic variables were found to be significantly associated with HRQOL scores.

The effects of antihypertensive drug therapy on the health related quality of life of the patient

Dr. Syed Sujat Pasha, Dr.Lakshmipathi BS, Dr.Sha NaseeruddinMakandar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 946-950

Hypertension is one of the leading causes of the global burden of disease. Approximately 7.6
million deaths (13-15% of the total) worldwide were attributable to high blood pressure in
200l.The 2003 global report showed that 7 million people die of hypertension each year and
approximately 4.5% of serious diseases are caused by it. Written informed consent was
obtained from every patient satisfying the inclusion criteria and they were thoroughly
explained in writing as well as orally in English/Kannada about the study, methodology and
possible risks during the study. In Amlodipine with Atenolol group 86% patients had good
quality, and 14% had average physical quality compared to Amlodipine with Enalapril group
which had 66.7% in good and 33.3% in average physical quality.In Amlodipine with Atenolol
group nearly 88% patients had good quality and 12% had average physical quality compared
to Amlodipine with Enalapril group which had 89% in good and 11% in average physical

Assessment of Health Related Quality of Life among Patients Smoking attitudes attending Primary Health Care Centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia (2019)

Saud Abdulhai Gari, Muhammed Musa Yahya Sufyani, Hisham Ali Abdo Ali, Amna Mahmoud Ibrahim Altakroni, Ahmed Abdul Rhman Ahmed ALQarni, Mazin Ibrahim Rasheedy, Ahmed Suwailem Saleem Almehmadi, Fatma Saleh Alharbi, Waleed Mohammed Omar Almahaily, Abdulrahman Saad Alsaedi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 274-287

Smoking is now well established as a recognized cause of cancer, lung disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke; it is considered the single most important avoidable cause of premature morbidity and mortality in the world. Additionally, epidemiological studies have reported positive associations between smoking and psychiatric disorders. Several studies have found high rates of smoking among selected populations of persons with mental illness, whereas general population surveys have demonstrated a significant association between current smoking and psychiatric symptoms.
     The World Health Organization has reported that more than 4 million annual deaths are attributed to tobacco consumption; this is projected to be10 million annually in 2030. Conversely, smoking cessation reduces health risks and improves quality of life. In particular, the cumulative risk of dying of cancer, cardiovascular and lung diseases can be drastically reduced if smokers quit, even at an advanced age.Objective: To assessment the health-related quality of life (HRQL) among Patients Smoking attitudes attending smoking clinics Primary Health Care Centers in Makkah. Aim of the study Aim of the study: The study aimed at assessing the health related quality of life among Patients smoking attitudes attending smoking clinics Primary Health Care Centers in Makkah. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive stud conducted from January, 2019 to December, 2019 in four Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC)in Makkah, the Sample size of Patients Smoking Attitudes attending PHC. Our total participants were (80). Results: the specific medical diseases significantly associated with smoking were Musculoskeletal disorders and  Central nervous system diseases  were (P < 0.001 and=0.033 ) and X2 25.481and 3.554 with the Negative in age (25-35) of the patients was (66.67% and 11.11% ) while in Positive age patients was (33.33% and 83.33%) while all anther medical diseases no significantly associated with smoking .Conclusion . the health related quality of life among Patients smoking attitudes  attending Primary Health Care Centers in Makkah smokers with smoking history show significant impairment in the physical and mental domains of HRQL in comparison to never-smokers. Postgraduate studies, workshops and training are indeed necessary to help PHCPs' to understand the significance of the role they play in implementing SCC for patients, individuals, family and the community effectively.